IELex

because

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wordlist: ‘all’

Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. I can not see because smoke got in my eyes.
2. He is eating because he is hungry.

Infers causality.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite kuit F View
133 Luvian kuiza View
81 Tocharian A kucne F View
81 Tocharian A kuyalte comp. of KU (common IE ... F View
82 Tocharian B kuce F View
82 Tocharian B mäkte J View
88 Albanian SEPSE B View
143 Standard Albanian sepse B View
2 Albanian Sicily SE B View
4 Albanian Corinth PSE B View
3 Albanian Gheg SEPSE B View
6 Albanian Tosk SE B View
110 Ancient Greek διότι dióti Causal conjunction. AF ὅτι, hóti ... At View
110 Ancient Greek ἔνεκα éneka EXCLUDE. Postposition. AF ἔινεκα, etym ... View
32 Greek επειδή epiˈði N View
32 Greek διότι ˌðiˈo̞ti EXCLUDE. (At) View
32 Greek γιατί ʝaˈti split from DKB D View
31 Greek Lesbos EPEIDE N View
129 Classical Armenian զի zi Often preceded by վասն vasn ... V View
129 Classical Armenian քանզի k‘anzi View
8 Armenian Eastern քանի որ kʰɑni=ʋor View
8 Armenian Eastern որովհետև ʋɔɾɔʋ(h)ɛtɛʋ From Old (= Classical) Armenian որովհետեւ ... Ar View
7 Armenian Western որովհետեւ vɔrɔvhɛdɛv Ar View
7 Armenian Western KANZI View
128 Avestan V View
136 Sogdian c’nwt Christian F View
75 Wakhi CIZER F View
9 Baluchi PHA HAW-AN SAUAV, PHA HAW-AN KHAN, KI F View
137 Zazaki welo-k F View
72 Tajik BAROI..., BAROI XAMIN, BINOBAR IN, AZ IN SABAB S View
54 Persian CHUN F View
1 Pashto DZEKA CE, VALI CE F View
138 Shughni čarō didi F View
52 Ossetic umaen aemae wɨmæn æmæ, womæn æmæ S View
124 Ossetic Iron wymɐn ɐmɐ wymɐn ɐmɐ S View
125 Ossetic Digor womɐn ɐma womɐn ɐma S View
105 Vedic Sanskrit V View
41 Khaskura KINAKI P View
51 Nepali KASOGARI BHANE, KINAKI P View
106 Assamese kitā-buliyā also Mayang Ap View
106 Assamese karɒpn karɒpn C View
102 Oriya jogu jogu Aq View
102 Oriya hetu hetu (Ae) View
102 Oriya boli boli X View
102 Oriya karɔṇɔ karɔɳɔ C View
10 Bengali KARON C View
111 Bihari kyāk ki O View
144 Magahi काहेकि kɑheki O View
104 Marwari ghālyāṃ ‘on account of, because of’ Ak View
35 Hindi KYOKE O View
119 Urdu کیُوں کہ kjũ ke O View
103 Sindhi sōkō plus other particles Ah View
103 Sindhi ǰēl(h)ã ‘because, wherefore’; AF ǰēla ... Ag View
103 Sindhi čhaǰō AF čha/ō + other ... Af View
43 Lahnda KYUKE O View
53 Punjabi KYOKE O View
33 Gujarati KAREN KE C View
50 Marathi kāran 'kaɾəɳ C View
40 Kashmiri NEMATI Ai View
65 Sinhalese NISA Aj View
34 Romani Greece EPIDHI (N) View
100 Old Church Slavonic понѥ(жє) pɔɲɛ(ʒɛ) Attested >100 times in the ... Ac, I View
100 Old Church Slavonic занѥ(жє) zɑɲɛ(ʒɛ) Attested >100 times in the ... Ab, I View
95 Serbo-Croatian jer jɛ̂r 'zbog' is a preposition with ... I View
95 Serbo-Croatian zato što ˈzǎtɔː ʃtɔ 'zbog' is a preposition with ... A, Ab, F View
15 Bulgarian защото zəˈʃtɔtu Alternative lexemes are 'понеже, тъй ... A, Ab, F View
92 Macedonian бидејќи biˈdejci Av View
92 Macedonian затоа што zaˈto.aʃtɔ A, Ab, F View
60 Russian потому что pɔtɔˈmuʂtɔ A, Ac, F View
55 Polish bo Alternative lexemes: 'dlatego że', 'ponieważ ... V View
16 Belarusian бо An alternative lexeme is 'таму ... V View
73 Ukrainian тому що tɔˈmu ʂtʂɔ A, F View
66 Slovak lebo ˈlɛbɔ V View
66 Slovak pretože ˈprɛtɔʒɛ A, H View
18 Czech protože ˈprɔtɔʒɛ A, H View
48 Sorbian Upper dokelž ˈdɔkɛlʃ G View
47 Sorbian Lower dokulaž ˈdɔkulʲaʂ G View
97 Slovenian ker kɛr As View
108 Old Prussian beggi comp. fr. IE *bhe- (Walde ... V View
44 Latvian tàdẽl ̜ka Q View
44 Latvian tàpêc ka Ad View
46 Lithuanian TODEL KAD split from DKB Q View
46 Lithuanian kadangi kɐˈda:ŋɡɪ V View
46 Lithuanian UZ TAI KAD split from DKB R View
109 Old Norse því (at) θviː (at) AF fyrir Þvíat L View
36 Icelandic af því að af ˈθviː að L View
23 Faroese tʰʊiː Removed (AV)- and -(AT). L View
58 Norwegian Riksmal fordi fɔˈɖiː A, H View
159 Stavangersk fårde (at) fɔʁˈdeː (at) A, H View
157 Old Swedish thy θyː L View
157 Old Swedish for at foːr at H View
69 Swedish eftersom ˈɛ̀ftəˌʂɔmː Ao View
69 Swedish emedan e'me:dan split from DKB; not used ... W View
69 Swedish därför att ˈdærːfœr atː split from DKB A, H View
70 Swedish Uppland EMEDAN W View
145 Elfdalian fer H View
145 Elfdalian ettersos ɛtːɛrsós Ao View
20 Danish fordi fʌˈd̥iˀ A, H View
158 Danish Fjolde yvər ˈyvəɹ An View
161 Gutnish Lau därför att ˈdæːrfœːr atː A, H View
99 Old English forþȳ þe H View
22 English because bɪkɒz (K) View
26 Frisian TROCHDET split from DKB A, Z View
26 Frisian OMDET split from DKB A, U View
26 Frisian OMREDENEN split from DKB U View
21 Dutch omdat ɔm'dɑt A, U View
24 Flemish WANT split from DKB Y View
24 Flemish OMDAT split from DKB A, U View
83 Afrikaans OMDAT A, U View
83 Afrikaans OOR Z View
83 Afrikaans WANT Y View
83 Afrikaans DOORDAT A, Z View
87 Sranan BIKASI, BIKA K View
126 Old High German bi diu wanta View
27 German weil vaĭl M View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch WEIL M View
120 Luxembourgish well M View
121 German Switzerland wüu M View
107 Gothic untē < *und þe 'from that down ... View
112 Latin quod kʷod F View
17 Catalan perquè pər'kɛ Changed from PEOQUE. F, H View
56 Portuguese porque ˈpuɾkɨ F, H View
68 Spanish porque 'poɾke F, H View
61 Sardinian Cagliari POITA T View
62 Sardinian Logudoro PROITE T View
63 Sardinian Nuoro PROKE F, H View
85 French Creole Dominica PAS, PIS H View
76 Walloon PACE QUI F, H View
25 French parce que paʀs(ə) k(ə) F, H View
57 Provencal PER-CO-QUE F, H View
42 Ladin CAUSA CHA F, K View
42 Ladin PERVI CHA F, H View
146 Dolomite Ladino parcie, parcè F, H View
123 Romansh perquai che F, H View
122 Friulian parcè, parcè che F, H View
39 Italian perchè per'ke Can also mean 'why' and ... F, H View
59 Romanian FIINDCA see Vlach F View
74 Vlach KA Lat. QUIA F View
127 Old Irish úare u:ərʹe Al View
101 Middle Cornish drefenn (Z) View
101 Middle Cornish rag rag Aa View
172 Middle Breton rac raːk, rak Ex.: hon trætit en mat ... Aa View
172 Middle Breton palamour, palomour, polamour paˈlaːmur Earliest attestation the Catholicon (1499). (Au) View
12 Breton abalamour ˌabaˈlɑ̃mur, aˈblɑ̃mǝr, blɑ̃m (Au) View
12 Breton o veza ma o ˈveːza ma (veǝ, veɑ̃) contains the particle o + bezañ ... (E) View
12 Breton rag ma, rak ma rak ma contains the preposition rag, rak ... (Aa), (E) View
12 Breton peogwir pewˈgɥiːr Developed from the phrase Leoneg ... View
12 Breton dre ma dre ma contains the preposition dre 'by ... (E), (Z) View
79 Welsh oherwydd View
79 Welsh gan 'with, by'? View
79 Welsh AM maybe derived from AM- 'around ... View
38 Irish mar go Am View
115 Scottish Gaelic oir ˈɔir Al View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T SE, SEPSE B View
29 [Legacy] Greek K DIOTI split from DKB View
29 [Legacy] Greek K EPEIDE split from DKB N View
28 [Legacy] Greek D EPEIDE split from DKB N View
28 [Legacy] Greek D GIATI split from DKB D View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md GIATI D View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian ZATO A, Ab View
113 [Legacy] Serbian zato zǎtoː AF pošto. removed s ... A, F View
113 [Legacy] Serbian jer jêr View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P ZASTOTO Ab, F View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian ZASTO Ab, F View
94 [Legacy] Russian P POTOMU CTO A, Ac, F View
93 [Legacy] Polish P PONIEWAZ Ac, I View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P TAMU STO A, F View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P TOMU STO A, F View
19 [Legacy] Czech E PROTO A, H View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P LEBO V View
91 [Legacy] Czech P PONEVADZ Ac, I View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian ZATO A, Ab View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O UZTAI KAD split from DKB R View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O TODEL KAD split from DKB Q View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian PORQUE F, H View
142 [Legacy] German Munich weil M View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C BIKOZ (K) View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C PIS H View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C A KOZ K View
14 [Legacy] Breton St peogwir pɛ'gwi:r View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se RAK MA Aa, E View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C ACHOS View
37 [Legacy] Irish A TOISC View
37 [Legacy] Irish A MAR Am View