IELex

bad

«back (prev) ― 7 ― (next) bark»
wordlist: ‘all’

Cognate judgements are added on this page, but deleted by the lexeme view (use the button)

Description

1. You are a good man, he is a bad man.
2. A bad knife.
3. Bad food.

Antonym of No. 64 'good'. In the sense of 'deleterious, unsuitable', not 'rotten'. Try to elicit lots of oppositions to get the generic antonym.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *uba Attested in Gmc only. U View
80 Hittite idālus Ac View
133 Luvian ādduwālis Ac View
81 Tocharian A umparäñ* Etymology very uncertain. View
81 Tocharian A omäskeṃ Vand Windekens connection with Ice ... View
82 Tocharian B pakwāre View
82 Tocharian B yolo intens. pref. Y + IE *UL- ... Ac, (Ad) View
88 Albanian LIG C View
88 Albanian KEKJ I View
143 Standard Albanian i, e keq Also 'evil'. From PAlb *kakja ... I View
2 Albanian Sicily lig 'bad, meagre' C View
4 Albanian Corinth PALHO View
3 Albanian Gheg KEKJ I View
6 Albanian Tosk ILIK C View
173 Mycenaean Greek ka-zo-e kaki̯ohes Adj.nom.pl. comparative form ... Be View
110 Ancient Greek κακός kakós G.sg. κακοῦ; κακός, κακή ... Be View
32 Greek κακός kaˈko̞s Be View
31 Greek Lesbos KAKOS Be View
129 Classical Armenian չար čʰar View
129 Classical Armenian վատ vɑt Bc, (P) View
8 Armenian Eastern վատ vɑt Bc View
7 Armenian Western գէշ kʰɛʃ the same as Arm. gēš ... View
128 Avestan akō I View
128 Avestan aγō I View
131 Old Persian gasta Z View
136 Sogdian βyz- Sogdian Af View
75 Wakhi SUK Ae View
9 Baluchi HARAB (A) View
9 Baluchi GANDAGH Z View
72 Tajik BAD P View
72 Tajik GANDA Z View
54 Persian BAD P View
77 Waziri KHAROP (A) View
77 Waziri BAD (P) View
1 Pashto BAD cf. Persian /lexeme/12166/ (P) View
138 Shughni gandā Z View
138 Shughni šakki Ae View
139 Sarikoli žit Ag View
52 Ossetic aevzaer ævzær Ab View
124 Ossetic Iron ɐvžɐr ɐvžɐr Ab View
125 Ossetic Digor lɐʁuz lɐʁuz An View
141 Kata-viri dɪgʌr Ah View
105 Vedic Sanskrit pāpás = Gr. PEMA 'evil, misfortune' Ai View
162 Pāḷī pāpa Ai View
41 Khaskura NARAMRO comp. Singhalese /lexeme/14933/ Aj View
51 Nepali GHATIYA < ghaṭnu 'to lessen' Ak View
106 Assamese hobā-nāyā lit. ‘good-not’, Mayang Am View
106 Assamese beyā beyā ‘evil, mean [boy]’, AF baiā Al View
102 Oriya khɔrap(ɔ) khɔrap(ɔ) also of weather, crop, judged ... (A) View
10 Bengali KHARAP (A) View
111 Bihari khərap khərap ‘evil, bad’ (A) View
144 Magahi खराब kʰərɑb (A) View
104 Marwari bəd bəd (P) View
104 Marwari bhū̃ḍō AF buro (as in ‘bad ... W View
35 Hindi BURA W View
35 Hindi KHERAB (A) View
119 Urdu بُرا bʊɾɑ W View
119 Urdu خراب χəɾɑb (A) View
103 Sindhi badu ‘bad, evil, wicked' (P) View
103 Sindhi xərāb(u) xərāb(u) (A) View
103 Sindhi maṭhō X View
103 Sindhi ḍ̄uṣ̌ṭu = Skrt. dus-, Gr. dys- 'bad ... Ao View
43 Lahnda BURA W View
53 Punjabi PERA W View
33 Gujarati KNERAB (A) View
50 Marathi wāīt wa͜i:ʈ As View
40 Kashmiri AROTU Ap View
40 Kashmiri MADA X View
40 Kashmiri BAD (P) View
65 Sinhalese NARAKA comp. Khaskura /lexeme/9245/ Aq View
34 Romani Greece NASUL rel. to Skrt. našyáti 'perishes ... Ar View
100 Old Church Slavonic зълъ zʊ̆lʊ̆ G View
95 Serbo-Croatian loš lɔ̂ʃ An alternative lexeme could be ... F View
15 Bulgarian лош ɫɔʃ 'зъл' means 'evil, malicious'. F View
92 Macedonian лош loʃ An alternative lexeme is 'зол ... F View
60 Russian плохой pɫɔˈxɔj = Gr. PALLO 'to swing, sway ... Az View
55 Polish zły zwɘ̟ G View
16 Belarusian дрэнны ˈdrɛnnɨ Alternative lexemes are 'кепскі' and ... Ba View
73 Ukrainian поганий pɔˈɦanɪj Ay View
66 Slovak zlý zliː G View
18 Czech špatný ˈʃpatniː (Bb) View
48 Sorbian Upper špatny ˈʃpatnɘ̟ (Bb) View
47 Sorbian Lower špatny ˈʂpatnɘ̟ (Bb) View
97 Slovenian slab slab An alternative lexeme is 'zel ... Bd View
108 Old Prussian wargan acc., related to lith.: vargas ... View
44 Latvian nelabs lit.: not-good View
44 Latvian slikts (B) View
46 Lithuanian NEGERAS Y View
46 Lithuanian blogas ˈblo:ɡɐs K View
109 Old Norse vándr vaːndr Q View
109 Old Norse dáligr ˈdaːliɣr Not the default/most common ... (M) View
109 Old Norse íllr ilːr borrowed into MEng.: ill Not ... (R) View
36 Icelandic lélegur ˈljɛːlɛɡ̊ʏr split from DKB R View
36 Icelandic illur ˈɪd̥lʏr R View
36 Icelandic vondur ˈvɔnd̥ʏr split from DKB Q View
23 Faroese illur ˈɪd̥lʊɹ R View
23 Faroese óndur ˈœnd̥ʊɹ Q View
58 Norwegian Riksmal ille ˈɪ̀lːə (R) View
58 Norwegian Riksmal vond ʋɔnː Q View
58 Norwegian Riksmal dårlig ˈdòːɭɪ M View
159 Stavangersk fille ˈfɪlːə Av View
159 Stavangersk dårlige ˈdòːʁlɪɡə M View
159 Stavangersk idla ˈɪ̀dla (R) View
159 Stavangersk vonne ˈʋunːə Q View
157 Old Swedish ilder ˈilder R View
157 Old Swedish onder ˈonder Q View
69 Swedish usel ˈʉ:səl (Aw) View
69 Swedish illa ɪ̀lːa adverb (R) View
69 Swedish ond und Q View
69 Swedish dålig ˈdòːlɪ(ɡ) M View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina DALI M View
70 Swedish Uppland DALIG M View
145 Elfdalian liuot Au View
145 Elfdalian dålin dɔ̀ːlɪn Can also mean "ill, sick" M View
145 Elfdalian illa (R) View
145 Elfdalian uond Q View
20 Danish ond ɔnˀ Q View
20 Danish ilde ˈilə R View
20 Danish dårlig ˈdɒːli M View
158 Danish Fjolde ild ilʲ R View
158 Danish Fjolde reng ɹeŋ Ax View
158 Danish Fjolde uund uːnʲ Q View
160 Old Gutnish aumbr At View
160 Old Gutnish ildr nominative not attested R View
161 Gutnish Lau åundar ˈoundar Q View
161 Gutnish Lau dålir ˈdoːlɪr M View
161 Gutnish Lau illä ˈɪlːɛ (R) View
99 Old English yfel U View
22 English bad bæd T View
26 Frisian LILK split from DKB, comp. Sw ... View
26 Frisian bar bar split from DKB H View
26 Frisian ERCH split from DKB, = NHG arg ... View
21 Dutch slecht slɛχt B View
24 Flemish SLECHT B View
83 Afrikaans SLEG B View
87 Sranan SLEKTI B View
87 Sranan OGRI B View
126 Old High German ubil U View
27 German schlecht ʃlɛçt B View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch SCHLECHT B View
120 Luxembourgish schlecht B View
121 German Switzerland schlächt B View
107 Gothic ubils U View
130 Oscan mallom acc. D View
112 Latin malus ˈmalus gen. malī D View
17 Catalan mal mal D View
56 Portuguese mau maw Removed MAO. D View
68 Spanish malo 'malo Added final -o. D View
61 Sardinian Cagliari MALU D View
62 Sardinian Logudoro MALU D View
63 Sardinian Nuoro MALU D View
85 French Creole Dominica MOVE D View
76 Walloon MAL D View
25 French mauvais mɔvɛ D View
57 Provencal MARRIT fr. MARRIR 'to lose one ... View
57 Provencal caitiu V View
57 Provencal IDO View
42 Ladin MEL D View
146 Dolomite Ladino ruo Related to Romanian /lexeme/13354/? View
123 Romansh nausch View
123 Romansh mal D View
122 Friulian trist View
39 Italian cattivo kat'tivo V View
59 Romanian rău rəw from Latin: reus 'defendant, culprit ... View
59 Romanian prost prost View
74 Vlach SLAB N View
127 Old Irish olc olk (J) View
127 Old Irish droch drox O View
101 Middle Cornish bad bad borrowed from English? (T) View
101 Middle Cornish drog drɔ:g AF drog, droc O View
172 Middle Breton drouc ˈdruːk Seems to be used in ... O View
172 Middle Breton goal, goall ˈgoalː Seems to be used in ... L View
12 Breton gwall ˈgwalː L View
12 Breton drouk ˈdruːk O View
12 Breton fall ˈfalː E View
79 Welsh drwg O View
38 Irish olc (J) View
38 Irish dona d̪ˠoːn̪ˠə From Old Irish dona < Proto-Celtic *do-gna-vos. Cognate with /lexeme ... (Aa) View
38 Irish droch O View
115 Scottish Gaelic droch O View
115 Scottish Gaelic olc (J) View
115 Scottish Gaelic dona d̪̊ɔnə Cognate with lexeme/26936/. (Aa) View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T keq kɛcɕ DKB has: I KEG, E ... I View
29 [Legacy] Greek K KAKOS Be View
28 [Legacy] Greek D KAKOS Be View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md ASKEMOS View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian ZAO G View
113 [Legacy] Serbian loš F View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P ZUL G View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian LOS F View
94 [Legacy] Russian P ZLOJ G View
93 [Legacy] Polish P ZLY G View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P ZLY G View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P ZLYJ G View
19 [Legacy] Czech E ZLE G View
19 [Legacy] Czech E SPATNE S View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P ZLY G View
91 [Legacy] Czech P ZLY G View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian SLABU N View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O NEGERAS lit.: not-good Y View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O BLOGAS K View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian MAU D View
142 [Legacy] German Munich schlecht B View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C MOVE D View
14 [Legacy] Breton St fall fal E View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se FALL E View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C DRWG O View
37 [Legacy] Irish A OLC J View