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Description

1. I fell over and now my back hurts.
2. Women carry babies on their back.

Of a human rather than of an inanimate object, e.g. house, where a lexical difference exists.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite iskis etym. dub., maybe Gr. ISTHION ... View
82 Tocharian B sark IE *sṛĝi- (Windekens 1976: 86) View
88 Albanian SHPINA Borrowed < Lat spīna 'id'. (Q) View
143 Standard Albanian shpinë Also 'spine'. Borrowed < Lat spīna ... (Q) View
2 Albanian Sicily KRAX-T / KARINA D View
2 Albanian Sicily GHARESI D View
4 Albanian Corinth RAXOKOKALEE View
3 Albanian Gheg SHPINA Borrowed < Lat spīna 'id'. (Q) View
6 Albanian Tosk KURIS D View
110 Ancient Greek νῶτον nɔ̑ːton G.sg. νῶτου Ad View
32 Greek πλάτη ˈplati L View
31 Greek Lesbos PLATE L View
129 Classical Armenian թիքունք tʰikownkʰ View
129 Classical Armenian կռթունք kur(-)tʰ-un-kʰ Traditionally pronounced [kərtʰuŋkʰ]; cf. կուռն ... View
129 Classical Armenian մէջ(ք) mēǰ(-k‘) mēǰ – originally ‘middle, midst, inside ... View
8 Armenian Eastern կռթունք kərtʰuŋkʰ nAF: KUṘN, < 'curved, crooked body part' < Arm. KOR 'curved, crooked', cogn. with 'turn' in /cognate/3063/; ultimate ... View
8 Armenian Eastern մեջք meʧʰkʰ Cognate with /lexeme/31533/ 'at ... View
7 Armenian Western կռնակ ɡərnɑɡ View
128 Avestan parštō G View
136 Sogdian prc(h) Sogdian G View
174 Khotanese palśti G View
75 Wakhi URQA (V) View
75 Wakhi DUM M View
9 Baluchi PHUSHT G View
137 Zazaki pāštī G View
72 Tajik pušt puʃt G View
54 Persian POSHT G View
77 Waziri SHAMZAI A View
1 Pashto SA A View
138 Shughni dām M View
139 Sarikoli dom M View
139 Sarikoli arqo (V) View
52 Ossetic faesontae fæsontæ T View
52 Ossetic C"YLDYM M View
124 Ossetic Iron fɐšontɐ fɐšontɐ T View
125 Ossetic Digor fɐsontɐ fɐsontɐ T View
105 Vedic Sanskrit pr̥ṣṭhám G View
162 Pāḷī piṭṭha G View
41 Khaskura KANDO X View
51 Nepali PITH G View
106 Assamese pithi pithi G View
102 Oriya piṭhi piʈhi AF? pɔchɔ G View
10 Bengali PIT G View
111 Bihari piʈa piʈa ‘upper back’ G View
111 Bihari ɖar ɖar ‘lower back’ Y View
144 Magahi पीठ pitʰ G View
104 Marwari măŭ̃r Z View
35 Hindi pith piːʈʰ G View
119 Urdu کمر kəməɾ (W) View
103 Sindhi puṭhe puʈhe G View
43 Lahnda PICCHE G View
53 Punjabi PITTH G View
33 Gujarati PITH G View
33 Gujarati WASO Aa View
50 Marathi pāth patʰ G View
40 Kashmiri PYUTHU G View
65 Sinhalese PASSA G View
34 Romani Greece DUMO (M) View
100 Old Church Slavonic хрьбьтъ xrɪ̆bɪ̆tʊ̆ An alternative lexeme is 'зажда ... J View
95 Serbo-Croatian leđa ˈlɛ̌ːdʑa An alternative lexeme is 'hrbat ... U View
15 Bulgarian гръб ɡrɤb 'плещи' means 'shoulders'. Ae View
92 Macedonian грб ɡərb Ae View
60 Russian спина spʲiˈna Q View
55 Polish plecy 'plɛtsɘ̟ P View
16 Belarusian спіна ˈspʲina An alternative lexeme is 'плечы ... Q View
73 Ukrainian спина ˈspɪna Q View
66 Slovak chrbát ˈxr̩baːt J View
18 Czech záda ˈzaːda Ab View
48 Sorbian Upper chribjet ˈkʀibĕɛt J View
47 Sorbian Lower kśebjat ˈkɕɛbjat J View
97 Slovenian hrbet ˈxə̌rbət J View
108 Old Prussian rikisnan comp. /cognate/2183/ View
44 Latvian mugura O View
46 Lithuanian NUGARA O View
109 Old Norse hryggr ɣryɡːr less inclusive, esp. ‘spine’ (R) View
109 Old Norse bak bak B View
36 Icelandic bak b̥aːk B View
36 Icelandic hryggur ˈr̥ɪɡ̊ːʏr R View
23 Faroese ryggur ˈɹɪɡ̊ːʊɹ R View
23 Faroese bak b̥ɛaːk B View
58 Norwegian Riksmal rygg ɾʏɡː R View
159 Stavangersk rygg ʁʏɡː R View
157 Old Swedish baker ˈbaːker B View
157 Old Swedish rygger ˈryɡːer R View
69 Swedish rygg rʏgː R View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina BAK B View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina ROG R View
70 Swedish Uppland RYGG R View
70 Swedish Uppland BAK B View
145 Elfdalian rygg rygː R View
20 Danish ryg ʁœɡ removed baɡ. R View
158 Danish Fjolde røg ɹøɣ R View
160 Old Gutnish bacr B View
161 Gutnish Lau rygg rʏɡː R View
161 Gutnish Lau bak bɑːk B View
99 Old English bæc B View
99 Old English hrycg R View
22 English back bæk B View
26 Frisian rêch rɛːx Removed RUG. R View
21 Dutch rug rʏχ R View
24 Flemish RUG R View
83 Afrikaans RUG R View
87 Sranan BAKA B View
126 Old High German rucki R View
27 German Rücken 'rijkn̩ R View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch BUUCKEL B View
120 Luxembourgish Réck R View
121 German Switzerland rügge R View
107 Gothic ams(a)* ‘shoulder, back’, = Skrt. ánisa-ḥ, Gr ... View
107 Gothic nōt-a* ‘back, butt’ E View
112 Latin dorsum ˈdorsum EXCLUDED. (H) View
112 Latin tergum ˈtergum gen. tergī. (Used of men ... Ac View
17 Catalan esquena əs'kɛnə (F) View
17 Catalan espatlla əs'paʎʎə Removed final -S. From Latin ... C View
56 Portuguese costas ˈkɔʃtɐʃ related to Lat. costa 'rip'? View
56 Portuguese dorso H View
68 Spanish espalda es'palda cf. Catalan espatillas C View
68 Spanish DORSO H View
62 Sardinian Logudoro DORSO H View
85 French Creole Dominica DO H View
76 Walloon RIN (S) View
25 French dos do H View
57 Provencal DOS H View
57 Provencal ESQUINO (F) View
42 Ladin DOSS H View
42 Ladin RAIN (S) View
146 Dolomite Ladino schina F View
123 Romansh dies H View
122 Friulian schene (F) View
39 Italian dosso 'dɔsso H View
59 Romanian spate pl. of 'shoulder blade' C View
59 Romanian DOS H View
127 Old Irish druimm drumʹ N View
127 Old Irish cúl ku:l View
101 Middle Cornish keyn kɛɪn AF keyn I View
172 Middle Breton queyn, quein ˈkejn I View
12 Breton kein ˈkɛjn I View
79 Welsh yn ôl 'according to' < *olo 'behind' (Matasovič ... View
79 Welsh cefn I View
38 Irish droim d̪ˠɾˠɪmʲ maybe derived from 'anus, hole ... N View
115 Scottish Gaelic druim N View
29 [Legacy] Greek K HOPISO K View
28 [Legacy] Greek D PISO K View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md RACHE prob. pre-Greek (Beekes) View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md PLATE (L) View
113 [Legacy] Serbian leđa lěːdʑa U View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P GRUB J View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian grb ɡr̩p J View
94 [Legacy] Russian P SPINA related to Latin spina 'thorn ... Q View
93 [Legacy] Polish P GRZBIET J View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P CHRYBET J View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P SPYNA Q View
19 [Legacy] Czech E HRBET J View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P CHRBAT J View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian HERBET J View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O PECAI P View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian costas ˈkɔstɐs see also European Portuguese. View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Rücken < Proto-Germ. *hrugja- ‘ridge; back’. R View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C DO H View
14 [Legacy] Breton St kein kɛjn I View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se KEIN I View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C CEFEN I View
37 [Legacy] Irish A DROM N View