IELex

ashes

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Description

1. The campfire has left only ashes.
2. The wind scattered the ashes.
3. He scooped up a handful of ashes.

Ashes as the basic result of combustion of wood, grass, dry dung (not after cremation, as in Russian прах). Not to be confused with special words for “fly ash”, “tobacco ashes”, “volcanic ashes”, or “embers” (hot ashes/coals, cf. context 3). (Kassian et al. 2010)

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
114 Proto-Indo-European *h₂éh₁s-s, *h₂h₁s-ós A View
80 Hittite hās, hāss- A View
81 Tocharian A tor AF twe, also 'dust' O View
82 Tocharian B taur AF tweye, also 'dust' O View
88 Albanian HINI E View
143 Standard Albanian hiri Orel gives hi ~ hî. E View
2 Albanian Sicily XI-RI E View
4 Albanian Corinth XII E View
3 Albanian Gheg HINI E View
6 Albanian Tosk HI E View
110 Ancient Greek σπόδος spódos EXCLUDE. (B) View
110 Ancient Greek τέφρᾱ tépʰraː G.sg. τέφρας L View
110 Ancient Greek κόνις kóniːs EXCLUDE. (U) View
152 Tsakonian σποδó, σποîα B View
152 Tsakonian σκóνι U View
32 Greek τέφρα ˈte̞fra EXCLUDE (means 'funerary ashes') (L) View
32 Greek στάχτη ˈstaxti H View
31 Greek Lesbos STACHTE H View
129 Classical Armenian մոխիր mɔχiɾ աճիւն ačiwn seems to specifically ... C View
129 Classical Armenian աճիւն ačiwn (A) View
8 Armenian Eastern մոխիր moˈχiɾ identical with MUX 'smoke' (Martirosyan ... C View
7 Armenian Western մոխիր mɔχiɾ C View
128 Avestan ātriiəm Q View
136 Sogdian ’’š’kw Sogdian Q View
174 Khotanese āhärä Q View
75 Wakhi PERG D View
9 Baluchi PHUR D View
118 Kurdish xwelî R View
137 Zazaki wel R View
72 Tajik XOKISTAR J View
54 Persian KHAKESTAR J View
77 Waziri TRA Q View
1 Pashto IRA Q View
138 Shughni θīr Q View
139 Sarikoli θer Q View
52 Ossetic FAENYK P View
124 Ossetic Iron fɐnyk fɐnyk P View
125 Ossetic Digor funuk funuk P View
141 Kata-viri asɨ̃ A View
154 Vasi-vari ásə A View
153 Askunu š/șutī X View
105 Vedic Sanskrit bhasman- N View
105 Vedic Sanskrit ā́sas (A) View
162 Pāḷī bhasma(n) N View
41 Khaskura KHARANI (J) View
51 Nepali KHAG, CHARO (J) View
106 Assamese sai sai M View
102 Oriya bhɔsmoɔ bhɔsmoɔ (N) View
102 Oriya pãũsɔ pãũsɔ W View
10 Bengali CHAI M View
111 Bihari chaur chaur ‘ash’ M View
144 Magahi बानी bɑni T View
104 Marwari rakh rakh ‘ash’ I View
104 Marwari bhobhaḷdo ‘hot fresh ash’ N View
35 Hindi rakh rakʰ I View
119 Urdu راکھ ɾɑkʰ I View
43 Lahnda SWA K View
53 Punjabi SVA K View
33 Gujarati RAKH I View
50 Marathi rākh ɾakʰ I View
50 Marathi bhasma 'bʱəsmə (N) View
40 Kashmiri SUR K View
65 Sinhalese ALU V View
34 Romani Greece PRAXORA (S) View
100 Old Church Slavonic попєлъ, пєпєлъ pɔpɛlʊ̆, pɛpɛlʊ̆ G View
95 Serbo-Croatian pepeo ˈpɛ̂pɛ.ɔ G View
15 Bulgarian пепел ˈpɛpɘɫ G View
92 Macedonian пепел ˈpepɛl G View
60 Russian зола zɔˈɫa Y View
55 Polish popiół ˈpɔpjuw G View
16 Belarusian попел ˈpɔpʲɛɫ G View
73 Ukrainian попіл ˈpɔpiɫ G View
66 Slovak popol ˈpɔpɔl G View
18 Czech popel ˈpopɛl G View
48 Sorbian Upper popjeł ˈpɔpĕɛw G View
47 Sorbian Lower popjeł ˈpɔpĕɛw G View
97 Slovenian pepel pɛˈpěːw G View
108 Old Prussian pelanne G View
44 Latvian pelni G View
46 Lithuanian PELENAI G View
109 Old Norse aska ˈaska A View
36 Icelandic aska ˈaska A View
23 Faroese øska ˈœska A View
58 Norwegian Riksmal aske ˈàskə A View
159 Stavangersk åska ˈɔ̀ska A View
157 Old Swedish aska ˈaska A View
69 Swedish stoft stɔft Same as 'dust'. (H) View
69 Swedish aska ˈàska A View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina ASKA A View
70 Swedish Uppland ASKA A View
145 Elfdalian aska ɑ̀skɑ A View
20 Danish aske ˈasg̥ʰə A View
158 Danish Fjolde aask ɑːsɡ A View
161 Gutnish Lau askå ˈasko A View
99 Old English asce A View
22 English ashes æʃɪz A View
26 Frisian jiske ˈjɪskə Changed from YESKE. A View
21 Dutch as ɑs Removed ASCH - archaic form? A View
24 Flemish ASCH A View
83 Afrikaans AS A View
87 Sranan ASESI A View
126 Old High German asca A View
27 German Asche 'aʃə A View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch ESCH A View
120 Luxembourgish Äschen A View
121 German Switzerland äsche A View
107 Gothic azgō A View
112 Latin cinis ˈkinis gen. cineris E View
17 Catalan cendra 'sɛndrə E View
56 Portuguese cinzas ˈsĩzɐʃ E View
68 Spanish cenizas θe'niθas Added final -s. E View
61 Sardinian Cagliari CINIZU E View
62 Sardinian Logudoro CHIJNA E View
63 Sardinian Nuoro KISINAS E View
85 French Creole Dominica SAN E View
76 Walloon CINDE E View
25 French cendre sɑ̃dʀ E View
57 Provencal CENDRE E View
42 Ladin TSCHENDRA E View
146 Dolomite Ladino cènder Online Italian-Ladino dictionary gives zender. E View
123 Romansh tschendra E View
122 Friulian cinise E View
39 Italian cenere 'tʃenere E View
59 Romanian cenușă E View
74 Vlach CENUSE E View
127 Old Irish lúaithred lu:əθʹrʹəð Also 'dust', see /lexeme/28169/ F View
101 Middle Cornish lusu, luju 'lʏzy AF losow F View
172 Middle Breton ludu ˈlyːdy F View
12 Breton ludu ˈlyːdy F View
79 Welsh lludu F View
38 Irish luaith F View
115 Scottish Gaelic luaithre F View
147 Manx leoie F View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T hi, hî See also OEng scinan 'to ... E View
29 [Legacy] Greek K TEFRA L View
28 [Legacy] Greek D STACHTE, STACHTES H View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md STACHTE H View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian PEPEO G View
113 [Legacy] Serbian pepeo pêpeo G View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P PEPEL G View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian PEPEL G View
94 [Legacy] Russian P PEPEL G View
93 [Legacy] Polish P POPIOL G View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P POPEL G View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P POPIL G View
19 [Legacy] Czech E POPEL G View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P POPOL G View
91 [Legacy] Czech P POPEL G View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian PEPJU G View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O PELENAI G View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian CINZA E View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Asche A View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C SAN E View
14 [Legacy] Breton St ludu 'ly:dy F View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se LUDU F View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C LLUDW F View
37 [Legacy] Irish A LUAITH F View