IELex

animal

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Description

1. There is something in the bushes, I don't know whether it is an animal (beast), a bird or a man.
2. Man can talk, animals (beasts) cannot.

Generic term for 'animal' (mammal) and not, e.g. 'wild animal', 'domestic animal'.

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

ID Language Source Form Phonological Form Notes Cognate Class
80 Hittite suppalas actually 'cattle' (Kloekhorst: 788); or ... (N) View
80 Hittite HUITAR 'game, wild beast' < HUIŠ 'to ... View
133 Luvian huitarsa View
81 Tocharian A lu related to OHG lûs, Skt ... L View
82 Tocharian B luwo related to 'louse' L View
88 Albanian SHTASA 'creature', from 'standing' B View
143 Standard Albanian kafshë Also 'thing'. Relatively late loanword ... (C) View
2 Albanian Sicily ANIMAX (F) View
4 Albanian Corinth KAFSE C View
3 Albanian Gheg SHTASA 'creature', from 'standing' B View
3 Albanian Gheg BAKTIA View
6 Albanian Tosk KAFSE C View
110 Ancient Greek θήρ tʰɛ́ːr EXCLUDE. (H) View
110 Ancient Greek ζῷον zdɔ̑ːjon G.sg. ζῷου. G View
32 Greek ζώο ˈzo̞ˌo̞ G View
31 Greek Lesbos DZOON G View
129 Classical Armenian անասուն ɑnɑsun Analyzable as ան- an- 'un- ... O View
8 Armenian Eastern կենդանի kɛntʰɑˈni View
7 Armenian Western անասուն ɑnɑsun O View
136 Sogdian stwrpδyy Manichean B View
136 Sogdian δttw U View
174 Khotanese datä Probably no clear general term ... U View
9 Baluchi JANWAR, ZANWAR, SHANWAR (D) View
137 Zazaki heywān (J) View
72 Tajik CONDOR D View
72 Tajik XAJVON (J) View
54 Persian janvar dʒɒːnˈvæɾ D View
54 Persian HEYVAN (J) View
77 Waziri DZANAWAR (D) View
1 Pashto HAJVAN (J) View
138 Shughni aywūn (J) View
139 Sarikoli ǰunwar (D) View
139 Sarikoli ɛywun (J) View
139 Sarikoli ǰundur (D) View
52 Ossetic caeraegoj tsæraɡoj prob. < cæryn/card 'to live ... E View
52 Ossetic XAJUAN (J) View
124 Ossetic Iron sɐrɐgoj sɐrɐgoj E View
125 Ossetic Digor cɐrɐgoj cɐrɐgoj E View
105 Vedic Sanskrit paśús (K) View
105 Vedic Sanskrit mṛga 'wild animal' esp. 'deer', cognate ... R View
162 Pāḷī miga R View
41 Khaskura JANTU D View
41 Khaskura PASHU (K) View
51 Nepali PASU (K) View
51 Nepali JANAWAR (D) View
106 Assamese prani prani judged a loan (F) View
106 Assamese zɒntu zɒntu D View
102 Oriya praṇi praɳi pr cluster supposed to indicate ... (F) View
102 Oriya pɔsu pɔsu K View
102 Oriya ǰɔntu ǰɔntu AF ǰanuar, vowel cluster ... D View
10 Bengali JANOAR, JONTU (D) View
111 Bihari janbər janbər (D) View
144 Magahi जनावर ɟənɑwər (D) View
104 Marwari jināwar (D) View
35 Hindi janver ˈdʒanʋər (D) View
119 Urdu جانور ʤɑnwəɾ (D) View
103 Sindhi ǰanvarū (D) View
43 Lahnda JANWER (D) View
53 Punjabi JANVER (D) View
33 Gujarati JANWER, JENAWER (D) View
33 Gujarati PRANI (F) View
50 Marathi prani CREATURE (F) View
50 Marathi dzanāwar dzən'awəɾ NON-HUMAN ANIMAL (D) View
40 Kashmiri JANAWAR (D) View
65 Sinhalese SATA S View
100 Old Church Slavonic звѣрь zværɪ̆ More like 'wild animal'. H View
100 Old Church Slavonic животъ ʒivɔtʊ̆ With a very general meaning ... G View
95 Serbo-Croatian životinja ʒiˈvɔ̌tiɲa An alternative lexeme would be ... G View
15 Bulgarian животно ʒiˈvɔtnu 'звяр' means 'wild, predatory animal ... G View
92 Macedonian животно ˈʒivɔtnɔ An alternative lexeme is 'ѕвер ... G View
60 Russian животное ʐɨ'vɔtnɔjɛ G View
55 Polish zwierzę ˈzvjɛʐɛ(ɰ̃) H View
16 Belarusian жывёла ʐɨˈvʲɔɫa G View
73 Ukrainian тварина tʋaˈrɪna T View
66 Slovak zviera ˈzviera An alternative lexeme is 'živočích ... H View
18 Czech zvíře ˈzviːr̝ɛ H View
48 Sorbian Upper zwěrjo ˈzwɪʀʲɔ H View
47 Sorbian Lower zwěrje ˈzwɪrʲɛ H View
97 Slovenian žival ʒiˈvǎːw An alternative lexeme is 'zver ... G View
108 Old Prussian alne F View
108 Old Prussian swīrins apl. = appelativum? H View
44 Latvian dzîvnieks G View
44 Latvian zvērs H View
44 Latvian KUSTONIS fr. BltSl *kǫsati 'to bite ... View
46 Lithuanian GYVULYS G View
46 Lithuanian ZVERIS WILD H View
109 Old Norse dýr dyːr A View
36 Icelandic dýr d̥iːr A View
23 Faroese dýr d̥ʊiːɹ A View
23 Faroese djór d̥ʒɔuːɹ Replaced DYRUR. A View
58 Norwegian Riksmal dyr dyːɾ A View
159 Stavangersk dyr dyːʁ A View
157 Old Swedish diur diuːr A View
69 Swedish djur jʉːr A View
71 Swedish Vilhelmina JUR A View
70 Swedish Uppland DJUR A View
145 Elfdalian krytyr krỳtyːr (P) View
145 Elfdalian diuor djʉər A View
20 Danish dyr ˈd̥yɐ̯ˀ A View
158 Danish Fjolde deert deːɹd A View
161 Gutnish Lau djaur djaur A View
99 Old English dēor A View
22 English animal 'ænɪməl borrowed from French into ME (F) View
26 Frisian dier di.ər A View
26 Frisian BISTEGUD (I) View
21 Dutch dier dir A View
24 Flemish DIER A View
24 Flemish BEEST (I) View
83 Afrikaans DIER A View
126 Old High German tior A View
27 German Tier ti:ɐ̯ A View
86 Pennsylvania Dutch GEDIER A View
120 Luxembourgish Déier A View
121 German Switzerland tier A View
107 Gothic dius A View
112 Latin bestia ˈbestia EXCLUDED. (I) View
112 Latin animal ˈanimal gen. animālis F View
17 Catalan animal əni’mal F View
56 Portuguese animal ɐniˈmaɫ F View
68 Spanish animal ani'mal F View
61 Sardinian Cagliari ANIMALI F View
62 Sardinian Logudoro ANIMALE F View
63 Sardinian Nuoro ANIMALE F View
76 Walloon BIESSE I View
25 French animal animal F View
57 Provencal ANIMAU F View
42 Ladin ANIMAL, ARMAINT F View
146 Dolomite Ladino canop, canopo Refers to large, fat animals ... View
146 Dolomite Ladino animal F View
123 Romansh animal F View
122 Friulian animâl, nemâl F View
39 Italian animale ani'male F View
59 Romanian animal F View
127 Old Irish anmandae anṽan(d)e F View
101 Middle Cornish be:st be:st borrowing likely (I) View
101 Middle Cornish enyval ɛ'nɛval borrowing likely (F), Q View
172 Middle Breton aneual ãˈneːval Seems to be used in ... Q View
172 Middle Breton loezn ˈloeðn Seems to be used in ... M View
12 Breton loen ˈlwẽːn, ˈlɔ̃ːn M View
12 Breton aneval ãˈneːval (F), Q View
79 Welsh anifail (F), Q View
38 Irish ainmhí F View
115 Scottish Gaelic ainmhidh F View
5 [Legacy] Albanian T KAFSHE C View
29 [Legacy] Greek K DZOON G View
28 [Legacy] Greek D TO DZOO G View
30 [Legacy] Greek Md DZOO G View
64 [Legacy] Serbocroatian ZIVOTINJA G View
113 [Legacy] Serbian životinja ʒiʋǒtiɲa G View
89 [Legacy] Bulgarian P ZV AR H View
49 [Legacy] Macedonian ZIVOTINA, -INKA H View
94 [Legacy] Russian P ZVER H View
93 [Legacy] Polish P ZWIERZ H View
90 [Legacy] Byelorussian P ZVER H View
98 [Legacy] Ukrainian P ZVIR H View
19 [Legacy] Czech E ZVIRE H View
96 [Legacy] Slovak P ZVER H View
91 [Legacy] Czech P ZVER H View
67 [Legacy] Slovenian ZIVALI G View
45 [Legacy] Lithuanian O GYVULYS G View
11 [Legacy] Brazilian animal aniˈmau F View
142 [Legacy] German Munich Tier < Proto-Germanic *deuza- ‘(wild) animal’. A View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C ZANIMO F View
84 [Legacy] French Creole C BET I View
14 [Legacy] Breton St loen lo.ɛ̃n M View
14 [Legacy] Breton St aneval ɑ̃ˈneval (F), Q View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se lon M View
13 [Legacy] Breton Se ENEVAL (F), Q View
78 [Legacy] Welsh C ANIFAIL (F), Q View
37 [Legacy] Irish A BEITHIDHEACH G View
37 [Legacy] Irish A AINMHE F View