IELex

Middle Breton: ˈpiuː, ˈpiw

« ˈguenː (white) ˈleːdan (wide) »

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Lexeme data

Language:Middle Breton
Meaning:who
Source form:piu, pyu, piou
Phonological form:ˈpiuː, ˈpiw
Gloss:who
Notes:
Cognate codes:B

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: GIB = Hemon, Roparz. 1979–1998. Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton. 2. éd. Plomelin: Preder.
Pages: 2219
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Hemon, Roparz. 1975: A historical morphology and syntax of Breton. Dublin, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (Medieval and Modern Breton Series III).
Pages: 131-32
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Schrijver, Peter. 2011: Middle and Early Modern Breton. In Ternes, Elmar (ed.) 2011: Brythonic Celtic ‒ Britannisches Keltisch. From Medieval British to Modern Breton. Bremen, Hempen: 359-329 (Münchner Forschungen zur historischen Sprachwissenschaft 11).
Pages: 399
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Dictionnaire historique Meurgorf. http://meurgorf.brezhoneg.bzh/
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class B
View source
Source: Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Leiden: Brill.
Pages: 178-79
Reliability: High
Comment: From Proto-Celtic *kʷēs 'who' < PIE *kʷe/o-y- 'who, what' (IEW 635). While OW pui, MW pwy show the regular outcome, im Middle Breton and Cornish a metathesis *wy > yw took place.