IELex

Middle Breton: ˈpe

« ˈgwleːb, ˈgloeːb (wet) peˈtra (what) »

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Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Language:Middle Breton
Meaning:what
Source form:pe
Phonological form:ˈpe
Gloss:what, which
Notes:Pronoun and adjective, interrogative and exclamative.
Cognate codes:A

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: GIB = Hemon, Roparz. 1979–1998. Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton. 2. éd. Plomelin: Preder.
Pages: 2134-35
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Hemon, Roparz. 1975: A historical morphology and syntax of Breton. Dublin, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (Medieval and Modern Breton Series III).
Pages: 131-132
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Schrijver, Peter. 2011: Middle and Early Modern Breton. In Ternes, Elmar (ed.) 2011: Brythonic Celtic ‒ Britannisches Keltisch. From Medieval British to Modern Breton. Bremen, Hempen: 359-329 (Münchner Forschungen zur historischen Sprachwissenschaft 11).
Pages: 399
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Dictionnaire historique Meurgorf. http://meurgorf.brezhoneg.bzh/
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class A
View source
Source: Schrijver, Peter. 2011: Old British. In Ternes, Elmar (ed.) 2011: Brythonic Celtic ‒ Britannisches Keltisch. From Medieval British to Modern Breton. Bremen, Hempen: 1-84 (Münchner Forschungen zur historischen Sprachwissenschaft 11).
Pages: 55
Reliability: High
Comment: From Old British pi, pe, which can be connected with OIr. cía, ce, ci e.g. cía chruth 'what way?'. However not identical with Welsh pa, which may reflect an old oblique case form or an adverb used as an oblique case form.