IELex

Middle Breton: ˈskaːbat

« ˈkrifjat, ˈkrafat (scratch) ˈmoːr (sea) »

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Language:Middle Breton
Meaning:scratch
Source form:scrapat, scrabat
Phonological form:ˈskaːbat
Gloss:to scratch, to scrape
Notes:Definition given by the Catholicon (1499): grater, Lat. ruspari, sicut faciunt galline. Gregoire de Rostrenen, Dictionnaire (1732): gratter, parlant des poules, des chats et des chiens.
Cognate codes:D, (T)

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: GIB = Hemon, Roparz. 1979–1998. Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton. 2. éd. Plomelin: Preder.
Pages: 2889
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Dictionnaire historique Meurgorf. http://meurgorf.brezhoneg.bzh/
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class T
View source
Source: Irslinger, Britta (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History)
Reliability: Loanword
Comment: According to some sources, Middle Breton scrapat is inherited from PIE. If the Breton word was cognate with Welsh cravas, however, it should have -v-, not -p- oder -b-. Deshayes' judgement seems more likely.
View source
Source: Deshayes, Albert. 2003: Dictionnaire étymologique du breton. Douarnenez, chasse-marée.
Pages: 671
Reliability: Loanword
Comment: First attested in the Catholicon (1499). From Old French escraper 'to srap, to clean' from Frankish *krappan.
Cognate Class D
View source
Source: Irslinger, Britta (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History)
Reliability: Doubtful
Comment: CHECK