Middle Breton: ˈreːθ, ˈrejθ

« ˈryːð (red) ˈdeːhow, ˈdehaw (rightside) »

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Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Language:Middle Breton
Source form:rez
Phonological form:ˈreːθ, ˈrejθ
Gloss:right, exact, correct; just, fair; regular
Cognate codes:C

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: GIB = Hemon, Roparz. 1979–1998. Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton. 2. éd. Plomelin: Preder.
Pages: 2705-06
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Dictionnaire historique Meurgorf.
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class C
View source
Source: Irslinger, Britta Sofie. 2002: Abstrakta mit Dentalsuffixen im Altirischen. Heidelberg, Winter (Indogermanische Bibliothek: Reihe 3)
Pages: 120
Reliability: High
Comment: The adjectives mir. recht 'just, righteous', MW reizh, Middle Breton rez 'just, right' are listed by many handbooks together with the nouns and reconstructed as Proto-Celtic *rex-tu-. A there is a broad cross-linguistic evidence for a to-adjective, the underlying Proto-Celtic form may be rather *rexto-, which became homonymous with the cognate nouns in Brittonic.
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Source: Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Leiden: Brill.
Pages: 310-311
Reliability: High
Comment: Cf. Proto-Celtic *rextu- 'rule, law' < PIE *h₃reg̑-tu-, root *h₃reg̑- 'to straighten, to stretch' (LIV 304f.). In the following nouns: Oir. recht (u m.), MW reyth, ModW raith f. 'law, sermon, jury, verdict', MBret. rez, reiz 'law, rule, arrangement', MoBret. reizh m., Co. ryth 'sex, kind', Gaul. Rextu-genos PN, Celtib. retu-keno (Gen s, PN] (Bottorita III). All these nouns are used as adjectives as well. Cognate with Proto-Celtic *reg-o- 'extend, stretch'.