IELex

Middle Breton: na, nac

« ˈfriː (nose) ne ... ket (not) »

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Language:Middle Breton
Meaning:not
Source form:na, nac
Phonological form:na, nac
Gloss:not
Notes:EXCLUDED. Verbal negator used in subordinate and interrogative clauses and before the imperative. Nac is sometimes found before verbs beginning in vowel.
Cognate codes:(A)

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: Hemon, Roparz. 1975: A historical morphology and syntax of Breton. Dublin, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies (Medieval and Modern Breton Series III).
Pages: 281-86
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Schrijver, Peter. 2011: Middle and Early Modern Breton. In Ternes, Elmar (ed.) 2011: Brythonic Celtic ‒ Britannisches Keltisch. From Medieval British to Modern Breton. Bremen, Hempen: 359-329 (Münchner Forschungen zur historischen Sprachwissenschaft 11).
Pages: 416
Reliability: Exclude (e.g. not the Swadesh term)
View source
Source: GIB = Hemon, Roparz. 1979–1998. Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton. 2. éd. Plomelin: Preder.
Pages: 2007-08
Reliability: Exclude (e.g. not the Swadesh term)

Cognate coding

Cognate Class A
View source
Source: LIPP (Vol. 2) = Dunkel, George E. (2014). Lexikon der indogermanischen Partikeln und Pronominalstämme. Band 2: Lexikon. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.
Pages: 531
Reliability: High
Comment: From PIE *nó-h₁ 'not', based on the PIE negator *nó.
View source
Source: Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Leiden: Brill.
Pages: 286
Reliability: High