Middle Breton: ˈgarː

« ˈklejs (left) ˈbeðaṽ gurˈveːðet (lie) »

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Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Language:Middle Breton
Source form:garr, guarr
Phonological form:ˈgarː
Cognate codes:D

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: GIB = Hemon, Roparz. 1979–1998. Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton. 2. éd. Plomelin: Preder.
Pages: 933
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Dictionnaire historique Meurgorf.
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class D
View source
Source: Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Leiden: Brill.
Pages: 152
Reliability: High
Comment: From Proto-Celtic *garrV- 'calf of the leg, shank' with cognates in Oir. gairr (i m or t) 'calf of the leg', MW garr m. 'leg, shank, ham, thigh', Co. gar 'leg' and Gaulish *garra > OFr. gare 'leg'. Matasović suggests to derive these forms from the PIE word for 'hand' (PIE *ghesr > Hitt. kissar, Gr. kheir, IEW 447) and gives two possible developments that would yield the Celtic forms regularly. The semantic development was then 'hand, arm'> 'limb'> '(calf of the) leg'.