IELex

Middle Breton: ˈplyːven, ˈplyːen

« ˌkaːvut ˈuːn, ˈaun (fear) ˈneːbøt (few) »

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Language:Middle Breton
Meaning:feather
Source form:pluuenn, pluffenn, pluenn, plufuenn
Phonological form:ˈplyːven, ˈplyːen
Gloss:feather
Notes:Singulative of plu, pluff
Cognate codes:(E), M

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: Dictionnaire historique Meurgorf. http://meurgorf.brezhoneg.bzh/
Reliability: High
View source
Source: GIB = Hemon, Roparz. 1979–1998. Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton. 2. éd. Plomelin: Preder.
Pages: 2237
Reliability: High
Comment: First attested in the Catholicon (1499).

Cognate coding

Cognate Class M
View source
Source: Deshayes, Albert. 2003: Dictionnaire étymologique du breton. Douarnenez, chasse-marée.
Pages: 587
Reliability: High
Comment: No loanword, but inherited: The Brittonic words and Irish clúm *from Celtic *kʷluma.
View source
Source: Irslinger, Britta (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History)
Reliability: High
Comment: Borrowing probably in the older period, thus inherited in Middle Breton.
Cognate Class E
View source
Source: Irslinger, Britta (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History)
Reliability: Loanword
Comment: Although Deshayes' suggestion is theoretically possible, it is not convincing. The supposed Celtic *kʷluma has no cognate outside Celtic, while Latin pluma does, cf. de Vaan (474).
View source
Source: LEIA = Lexique étymologique de l'Irlandais Ancien. Par Joseph Vendryes, Edouard Bachellery & Pierre-Yves Lambert. 7 vols. Dublin: Dublin Inst. for Advanced Studies, 1959-1996.
Pages: C-128
Reliability: Loanword
Comment: From Latin pluma 'feather(s)'. Old borrowing in Insular Celtic, cf. Old Irish clum, cluim, Welsh plum.