Middle Breton: ˈtoːɲ, ˈtuːɲ

« ˈtaltus (dull) ˈpultr (dust) »

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Lexeme data

Language:Middle Breton
Source form:togn, tougn?
Phonological form:ˈtoːɲ, ˈtuːɲ
Gloss:flat, dull
Notes:Used to denote a flat nose as well as for instruments like a sword of a sickle. The latter usage is however only attested from Early Modern Breton onwards. If the Middle Breton meaning was 'flat', tougn is not the Swadesh term. Etymology: Like Welsh twm 'cut, broken' from Vulgar Latin *tondere 'to shear' (Deshayes 2003, 728).
Cognate codes:(Ak)

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: GIB = Hemon, Roparz. 1979–1998. Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton. 2. éd. Plomelin: Preder.
Pages: 3100
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Dictionnaire historique Meurgorf.
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class Ak
View source
Source: Deshayes, Albert. 2003: Dictionnaire étymologique du breton. Douarnenez, chasse-marée.
Pages: 728
Reliability: Loanword
Comment: Like Welsh twn 'cut, broken' from VLat. *tondere.
View source
Source: Irslinger, Britta (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History)
Reliability: Loanword
Comment: Pre-Middle Breton borrowing.