Middle Breton: ˈtruːɣaṽ

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Lexeme data

Language:Middle Breton
Source form:trouchaff
Phonological form:ˈtruːɣaṽ
Gloss:to cut
Notes:Seems to be the Swadesh term in Middle Breton, rather than squeiaff, squeigaff, Modern Breton skejañ. The latter means 'to cut off, to cut into pieces, to make an incision (chirurgical term)'. The Catholicon translates squeiaff, squeigaff as 'coupper, Latin amputare, cedere'.
Cognate codes:F

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: GIB = Hemon, Roparz. 1979–1998. Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton. 2. éd. Plomelin: Preder.
Pages: 3156
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Dictionnaire historique Meurgorf.
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class F
View source
Source: Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Leiden: Brill.
Pages: 391
Reliability: High
Comment: Verb based on Proto-Celtic *truk-, *truk-so- 'trunc, broken part', cf. PIE *trewk- 'to cut' (IEW 1074).