IELex

Old Welsh: pa / pi

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Lexeme data

Language:Old Welsh
Meaning:what
Source form:pa / pi
Phonological form:
Gloss:
Notes:
Cognate codes:A

Source of lexical data

View source
Source: Blažek, Václav. 2009. On the position of Gaulish within Celtic from the point of view of glottochronology. Indogermansiche Forschungen, 114.
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class A
View source
Source: Schrijver, Peter. 2011: Old British. In Ternes, Elmar (ed.) 2011: Brythonic Celtic ‒ Britannisches Keltisch. From Medieval British to Modern Breton. Bremen, Hempen: 1-84 (Münchner Forschungen zur historischen Sprachwissenschaft 11).
Pages: 55
Reliability: High
Comment: Old British pi, pe can be connected with OIr. cía, ce, ci e.g. cía chruth 'what way?'. It is however not identical with Welsh pa, which may reflect an old oblique case form or an adverb used as an oblique case form. It is tempting to compare pa with Oir. co- 'how'? and reconstruct an adverbial interrogative stem *kʷa-. Late Proto-British *pa was lost in South-West-British and survived only in Welsh, where it was confused with *pɨ > OW pi, MW py.
View source
Source: Blažek, Václav. 2009. On the position of Gaulish within Celtic from the point of view of glottochronology. Indogermansiche Forschungen, 114.
Reliability: High