IELex

Old Cornish: trait

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Lexeme data

Language:Old Cornish
Meaning:sand
Source form:trait
Phonological form:
Gloss:
Notes:
Cognate codes:(H)

Source of lexical data

View source
Source: Blažek, Václav. 2009. On the position of Gaulish within Celtic from the point of view of glottochronology. Indogermansiche Forschungen, 114.
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class H
View source
Source: Irslinger, Britta (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History)
Affiliation: T-121
Reliability: High
Comment: The analysis as a loanword is less probable if one considers that the underlying root is well represented in Insular Celtic (PIE *treHgʰ- / *treHg̑ʰ- or *tragʰ- / *trag̑ʰ- 'to drain off, to ebb away', cf. Schumacher 2004, 635-36) and that there are nouns from this root belonging into the same semantic field: Old Breton tre, MW trei m. 'ebbtide', Old Irish tráig 'i, m/f' 'ebbtide, beach' < Proto-Brit. *trăgi̯o-. The word for sand could thus originate from an inherited tu-stem cognate with Latin tractus, i.e. Proto-Celtic *traxtus.
View source
Source: LEIA = Lexique étymologique de l'Irlandais Ancien. Par Joseph Vendryes, Edouard Bachellery & Pierre-Yves Lambert. 7 vols. Dublin: Dublin Inst. for Advanced Studies, 1959-1996.
Pages: T-121
Reliability: Loanword
Comment: Brittonic (Welsh traeth, Corn. trait, Mbr. trez 'sand') and Goidelic (OIr. tracht 'shore, bank') loanword from Latin tractus 'drawing, trail track'. Loth, Les mots latins dans les langues brittoniques 1892, s.v. traeth considers these words as Celtic however.
View source
Source: Blažek, Václav. 2009. On the position of Gaulish within Celtic from the point of view of glottochronology. Indogermansiche Forschungen, 114.
Reliability: High