Breton: yn, ˈynan

« ˈkoːs (old) ˈalː, aˈralː (other) »

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Lexeme data

Source form:un, unan
Phonological form:yn, ˈynan
Notes:Un is used adjectivally, unan substantivally.
Cognate codes:A

Source of lexical data

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Source: Favereau, Frañses. 1997. Dictionnaire du breton contemporain = Geriadur ar brezhoneg a-vremañ. Morlaix: Skol Vreizh. Available online at
Pages: 768
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class A
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Source: Irslinger, Britta (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History)
Reliability: High
Comment: The semantics and etymology for Bret. unan, Welsh hunan given by Matasović are controversial, cf. Irslinger, Indogermanische Forschungen 119, 2014, 168.
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Source: Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Leiden: Brill.
Pages: 304-05
Reliability: High
Comment: From Proto-Celtic *oi̯no- 'one' < PIE *h₃ei̯-no- 'one' (IEW 28lff.). Matasivić postulates the derivative *oi̯nano- 'alone, personally' to underly OIr. oentin and MBret. unan, onan, and W hunan (with secondary h-).