Breton: eŋ-k

« moan (narrow) striːs (narrow) »

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Lexeme data

Source form:enk
Phonological form:eŋ-k
Gloss:narrow, cramped, tiny
Notes:Ex. un toull enk, re enk eo an nor (Favereau)
Cognate codes:B

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: Favereau, Frañses. 1997. Dictionnaire du breton contemporain = Geriadur ar brezhoneg a-vremañ. Morlaix: Skol Vreizh. Available online at
Pages: 221
Reliability: High
Comment: Meaning 'tiny, skimpy'. But compare: un toull enk, re enk eo an nor (Favereau) heñvel ouzh ur ru enq pe ouzh ur straed voan 'similar to a narrow road or a small/slim street' (18th c., GIB) traonienn enk ha kaodeg 'a narrow and stony valley' (19th cent., GIB)
View source
Source: GIB = Hemon, Roparz. 1979–1998. Geriadur istorel ar brezhoneg / Dictionnaire historique du breton. 2. éd. Plomelin: Preder.
Pages: 736
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class B
View source
Source: Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Leiden: Brill.
Pages: 36
Reliability: High
Comment: From Proto-Celtic *angu- 'narrow' < PIE *h₂emg̑ʰ- 'narrow' (NIL 301). Compounds: *kom-angu- 'narrow' in Oir. cumung, MW eyf-yng, *exs-angu- 'not narrow' in MW ehang 'broad'.