Breton: dre ma

« ˌabaˈlɑ̃mur, aˈblɑ̃mǝr, blɑ̃m (because) o ˈveːza ma (veǝ, veɑ̃) (because) »

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Source form:dre ma
Phonological form:dre ma
Gloss:because, as
Notes:contains the preposition dre 'by, through' and ma 'that, so that, if'
Cognate codes:(E), (Z)

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: Favereau, Frañses. 1997. Dictionnaire du breton contemporain = Geriadur ar brezhoneg a-vremañ. Morlaix: Skol Vreizh. Available online at
Pages: 205
Reliability: Exclude (e.g. not the Swadesh term)
View source
Source: Favereau, Francis. 1997: Grammaire du Breton contemporain - Yezhadur ar brezhoneg a-vremañ. Morlaix, Skol Vreizh.
Pages: 376
Reliability: Exclude (e.g. not the Swadesh term)
Comment: dre ma has rather an interative meaning as in Poher Breton dre ma plije ar vuoc'h dezhe 'as she liked the cow'.

Cognate coding

Cognate Class Z
View source
Source: Walde, A. (1930) "Vergleichendes Woerterbuch der Indogermanischen Sprachen". de Gruyter.
Pages: 1.734
Reliability: Good (e.g. should be double checked)
Comment: membership relies on correctness of identified Celtic term DRE
Cognate Class E
View source
Source: Dyen, Isidore Kruskal, Joseph and Black, Paul (1992). An Indoeuropean Classification, a Lexicostatistical Experiment. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 82/5.
Reliability: Good (e.g. should be double checked)