IELex

Persian: pistān

« ostoxɒn (bone) NAFAS KASHIDAN (breathe) »

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Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Language:Persian
Meaning:breast
Source form:pistān
Phonological form:
Gloss:
Notes:New Persian
Cognate codes:P

Source of lexical data

View source
Source: Buck, Carl Darling. 1949/1988. A Dictionary of Selected Synonyms in the Prinicipal Indo-European Languages. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class P
View source
Source: Cathcart, Chundra (University of California, Berkeley)
Reliability: High
Comment: According to Hübschmann < *paya-stāna-. It is debatable whether this etymology is correct, or whether the form comes from *psten. If from *psten, it would require Persian to not have undergone the pan-Iranian change *ps > fš. H's etymology involves a vowel shortening, but vowel length changes are not unheard of.