Vedic Sanskrit: mḗdas

« dūrḗ (far) pī́vas (fat) »

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Language:Vedic Sanskrit
Source form:mḗdas
Phonological form:
Cognate codes:(R)

Source of lexical data

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Source: Ringe, D., Warnow, T., Taylor, A. (2002) 'Indo-European and Computational Cladistics.' Transaction of the Philological Society Vol. 100:1: 59-129.
Reliability: Doubtful

Cognate coding

Cognate Class R
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Source: Cathcart, Chundra (University of California, Berkeley)
Reliability: Exclude (e.g. not the Swadesh term)
Comment: While the basic meaning is 'fat', this form occurs only 5x in the Rg Veda, usually referring to melted butter put into the sacrificial fire (Grassmann 1873:1062; Griffith gives a translation 'marrow' at RV 10.16.7). pīvas- is attested the same number of times (including the compound pīvas-vat- 'abundant' < *'having fat'), but refers to fat more generally, not just as an oblation.
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Source: Ludewig, Julia (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics)
Reliability: High