IELex

Latin: ˈputridus

« ˈfuːnis (rope) roˈtundus (round) »

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Language:Latin
Meaning:rotten
Source form:putridus
Phonological form:ˈputridus
Gloss:rotten, decaying
Notes:G.sg. putridī. Cf. putris, -is (adj.) 'decomposed, rotten, putrid, overripe'.
Cognate codes:O

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: Glare, P.G.W. (ed.). (1982) Oxford Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Scarborough, Matthew (University of Cambridge/Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History)
Reliability: Good (e.g. should be double checked)
Comment: The working IELex2 definitions (as of 13.10.2015) give 'rotten' as "Most generic adjective for decomposing or decomposed solid food, typically fruit." Two words in Latin satisfy this definition: (1) putridus 'rotten, decaying', from the stative verb putreō 'to be in a state of decay'; and (2) pūtidus 'rotting, decaying' from the intransitive verb puteō 'to rot, decompose'. Pūtidus has a number of further figurative uses (moral sense, etc.), while putridus is only used properly of decaying things (OLD considers boats, teeth, etc.). On these grounds I would suppose putridus to be the more basic term, however I will leave this open to consideration by others checking the Latin list.

Cognate coding

Cognate Class O
View source
Source: Vaan, M. de (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages. Leiden: Brill.
Pages: 501
Reliability: High