Ancient Greek: pʰonéu̯ɔː

« (apo-)ktéːnɔː (kill) ɡóny (knee) »

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Lexeme data

Language:Ancient Greek
Source form:φονεύω
Phonological form:pʰonéu̯ɔː
Cognate codes:(W)

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: Garrett, Andrew (University of California, Berkeley)
Reliability: Exclude (e.g. not the Swadesh term)
Comment: This is not the most basic or general term in this sense.
View source
Source: Woodhouse, M.A. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary - A Vocabulary of the Attic Language. London: George Routledge & Sons.
Reliability: Doubtful
View source
Source: LSJ = H. G. Liddell, R. Scott. H. S. Jones. A Greek-English Lexicon. (Oxford, rev. ed. with supplement 1968)
Reliability: Exclude (e.g. not the Swadesh term)
Comment: Means 'slay, murder'.

Cognate coding

Cognate Class W
View source
Source: Scarborough, Matthew (University of Cambridge/Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History)
Reliability: High
Comment: Secondary derivative originally from root *gʷʰen- 'kill'. Cf. Homeric θείνω 'kill' from yod-present *gʷʰen-i̯e/o- and reduplicated root aor. ἔπεφνον < *(h₁e)-gʷʰe-gʷʰn-o-. Cf. φονεύς 'murderer'.