Ancient Greek: pʰobéomai̯

« déːdɔː (fear) pterón (feather) »

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Lexeme data

Language:Ancient Greek
Source form:φοβέομαι
Phonological form:pʰobéomai̯
Gloss:fear, be afraid
Notes:Inf. φοβεῖσθαι.
Cognate codes:K

Source of lexical data

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Source: LSJ = H. G. Liddell, R. Scott. H. S. Jones. A Greek-English Lexicon. (Oxford, rev. ed. with supplement 1968)
Reliability: High
Comment: The Homeric meaning of this verb is always 'put to flight', but in Classical Attic its usual sense in the active is to 'terrify, alarm'. The medio-passive source form means 'be seized with fear, be affrighted'.

Cognate coding

Cognate Class K
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Source: LIV² - Lexikon der Indogermanischen Verben (2e Auf.). 2001. Wiesbaden: Reichert Verlag.
Reliability: High
Comment: S.v. *bʰegʷ-
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Source: Beekes, Robert. 2010. Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Leiden: Brill.
Reliability: High
Comment: S.v. φέβομαι. φοβέω (active) φοβέομαι (middle) is a causative/iterative stem < *bʰogʷ-éi̯e/o-.
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Source: Dunn, Michael (Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics)
Affiliation: 94
Reliability: High