IELex

Welsh: pwy

« gwyn (white) ˈɬədan (wide) »

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Wordlist: all

Lexeme data

Language:Welsh
Meaning:who
Source form:pwy
Phonological form:
Gloss:
Notes:
Cognate codes:B

Sources of lexical data

View source
Source: Dyen, Isidore Kruskal, Joseph and Black, Paul (1992). An Indoeuropean Classification, a Lexicostatistical Experiment. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society 82/5.
Reliability: Good (e.g. should be double checked)
View source
Source: Blažek, Václav. 2009. On the position of Gaulish within Celtic from the point of view of glottochronology. Indogermansiche Forschungen, 114.
Reliability: High
View source
Source: http://www.geiriadur.net/
Reliability: High

Cognate coding

Cognate Class B
View source
Source: Schrijver, Peter. 2011: Old British. In Ternes, Elmar (ed.) 2011: Brythonic Celtic ‒ Britannisches Keltisch. From Medieval British to Modern Breton. Bremen, Hempen: 1-84 (Münchner Forschungen zur historischen Sprachwissenschaft 11).
Pages: 55
Reliability: High
Comment: Oir. cía and Late-Proto-British *pui reflect Insular Celtic *kʷē(s). Its ultimate origin is unclear: Proto-Celtic *kʷes-est(i) 'who is?'
View source
Source: LIPP (Vol. 2) = Dunkel, George E. (2014). Lexikon der indogermanischen Partikeln und Pronominalstämme. Band 2: Lexikon. Heidelberg: Universitätsverlag Winter.
Pages: 463 and fn. 60
Reliability: High
View source
Source: Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Leiden: Brill.
Pages: 178-79
Reliability: High
Comment: From Proto-Celtic *kʷēs 'who' < PIE *kʷe/o-y- 'who, what' (IEW 635). While OW pui, MW pwy show the regular outcome, im Middle Breton and Cornish a metathesis *wy > yw took place.
View source
Source: Blažek, Václav. 2009. On the position of Gaulish within Celtic from the point of view of glottochronology. Indogermansiche Forschungen, 114.
Reliability: High