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Proto-Indo-European (all)

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Proto-Indo-European:

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ID Meaning Source Form Phonological Form Gloss Notes nCog
82 I *h₁eg̑h₂-óm, *me- View 1
2 and *nu View 0
2 and *kʷe View 1
2 and *de View 0
4 ashes *h₂éh₁s-s, *h₂h₁s-ós View 1
5 at *h₁epi, *h₁opi View 1
5 at *h1opi View 1
5 at *h₂ed View 1
7 bad *uba Attested in Gmc only. View 1
10 belly *udero- Reconstruction not certain. View 1
12 bird *h₂éu-i-s View 1
13 bite *h₁ed- View 0
13 bite *gᵘrug̑ʰ- Onomatopoetic, see Pokorny:485, Frisk:274 View 0
13 bite *denk̑- View 1
14 black *h₂ems- View 0
14 black *swordos Cognate with Lat. sordês 'dirt'. View 1
15 blood *kreuh₂-, *kruh₂-ōs Meaning "blood; bloody, raw meat". ... View 1
15 blood *h₁ésh₂r̥- View 1
16 blow *bʰleh₁-, *bʰl̥h₁- Meaning "blow", also "cry" (LIV) View 1
16 blow *wāt- (is this the right sense?) ... View 0
16 blow *h₂u̯eh₁- View 1
17 bone *h₃ésth₁-ōi, *h₃esth₁-i-, *k-osti- Probable variant with initial k- ... View 2
18 breast *speno-, *p(H)sten-o- "breast, nipple" (Pokorny:990) View 1
19 breathe *pneu̯- "hauchen, keuchen" (LIV) View 1
20 burn *dʰegᵘʰ- "mit Feuer behandeln, verbrennen" (tr.) ... View 1
20 burn *h₁eu̯s- "verbrennen, sengen" (LIV) View 1
20 burn *su̯el- "schwelen, brennen" (LIV) View 1
22 cloud *nébʰos View 1
23 cold *kalda- Proto-Germanic form. The root has ... View 1
24 come *gᵘem- "(wohin) gehen, kommen" (LIV) View 1
27 day *dʰōg̑ʰ-e/os- View 1
27 day *di̯eu̯- "Tag, Himmel, Himmelsgott" (Mayrhofer) View 1
28 die *mer- "verschwinden, sterben" (LIV) View 1
31 dog *k̑uōn View 1
32 drink *peh₃(i̯)- View 1
32 drink *h₁egᵘʰ- View 1
33 dry *trs-u-, *tērs-o- To √*ters- "vertrocknen, durstig werden" ... View 1
35 dust *prs-o- Connections with IE OIc. fors ... View 1
36 ear *h₂eu̯s- View 1
37 earth *dʰg̑ʰ(e)m, *dʰég̑ʰ-m View 1
38 eat *h₁ed- "(beissen) -> essen" (LIV), cf. ... View 1
39 egg *h₂ōu-ió- Vriddhi-formation to PIE *h₂éu-is, gen.*h₂u-éi-s ... View 2
40 eye *h₃okᵘ-n- View 1
42 far *u̯i-itós Literally "gone far" (Kluge) View 1
43 fat *smer-u- View 1
44 father *ph₂-tḗr View 1
44 father *atta- Onomatopoetic word. View 1
49 fingernail *h₃nógʰ-s View 1
50 fire *h₂eh₁-t(e)r- Nom. Ag. to √*h₂eh₁- "heiss ... View 1
50 fire *h₁ngᵘ-ni- View 1
50 fire *péh₂-ur, *p(e)h₂-u̯én- Heteroclitic r/n-stem. View 1
51 fish *dʰg̑ʰu-H- View 1
51 fish *pisk-, *peisk- View 1
52 five *pénkᵘe View 1
54 flow *sreu̯- View 1
56 fly *peth₂- √*peth₁- "fallen", (LIV) √*peth₂- "(auf)fliegen" ... View 1
56 fly *gʷel- What root is this? View 0
57 fog *(s)neu̯dʰ-, *(s)nou̯dʰ-. Likely a derivation of √*(s)neu̯- ... View 1
58 foot *ped-, *pod- View 1
59 four *kᵘét-u̯or-es, *kᵘet-u̯ér-, *kᵘet-ur- View 1
62 full *pl̥h₁no- View 1
63 give *deh₃-, *deh₃u̯- See LIV √*deh₃- and √*deh₃u̯-1. View 1
64 good *bʰedró- View 1
64 good *h₁su-, *h₁ós-u- Probably derived from √*h₁es- "to ... View 1
65 grass *koino- Difficult reconstruction, see Frisk:892 View 0
67 guts *enter-o- Derived from *enter- "inside, between" ... View 1
68 hair *pulo- View 1
69 hand *mar- View 1
69 hand *g̑ʰes-r(o)-, *g̑ʰes-t(o)-, View 1
69 hand *mon-u- View 1
71 head *kapu-ko-, *kaput-o View 1
71 head *gʰebʰelo- View 0
72 hear *k̑leu̯-/*k̑lu- View 1
73 heart *k̑ērd-/*k̑r̥d- View 1
74 heavy *gᵘrh₂u- View 1
76 hit *pleh₂g-, *pleh₂k- *pleh₂g- "schlagen" ?*pleh₂k- "schlagen (auch ... View 0
77 hold *seg̑ʰ- "überwältigen, in den Griff bekommmen" ... View 1
78 horn *k̑r̥-n-/*k̑erh₂-/*k̑or-o-h₂- View 1
83 ice *yeg- View 1
85 in *h₁en, *h₁en-ter View 1
86 kill *gᵘʰen- 'strike' View 1
87 knee *g̑ónu-/*g̑énu-, *g̑n-éu- View 1
88 know *u̯ei̯d- see Perf. *u̯ói̯d- 'have seen' > ... View 1
88 know *g̑neh₃- "erkennen" (LIV) View 1
89 lake *h₂ep- Most likely Indo-European dialectal variant ... View 1
90 laugh *smei̯- View 1
91 leaf *bhel-/bhol-i̯om, *bhlō-t Derived from √*bhel- "swell". View 1
92 left *(H)sei̯u̯ó- View 1
93 leg *koḱso- 'hollow of joint' View 1
93 leg *kroksko View 1
94 lie *legʰ- View 1
94 lie *ḱey- View 1
95 live *gʷeiH₃w- View 1
96 liver *yeh₁kwr̥- View 1
97 long *dluh₂gʰós View 1
98 louse *knid- View 0
98 louse *luhs- View 1
99 man *h₂nḗr 1. man 2. power, force, ... View 1
99 man *wiHrós 1. man 2. husband 3. ... View 1
102 moon *mḗh₁n̥s View 1
103 mother *méh₂tēr View 1
104 mountain *gʷerh₃- View 1
105 mouth *h₁oh₁s- View 1
106 name *h₁nḗh₃mn̥ also *h₃néh₃mn̥ (*h₃nómn̥) View 1
107 narrow *h₂enǵʰ- View 1
109 neck *mon- View 0
110 new *néwos View 1
111 night *nókʷts View 1
112 nose *hnéh₂s, *nā́s View 1
113 not *ne, *ney View 1
113 not *mē View 1
114 old *senh₁ó- View 1
115 one *sḗm View 1
115 one *(H)óynos, *(H)óykos, *(H)óywos View 1
116 other *h₂el-yó-, *h₂el-nó- View 1
117 person *mánus View 0
121 rain *suhₓ- View 1
121 rain h₂ekmon- View 0
122 red *h₁rewdʰós View 1
124 rightside *deḱs- View 1
125 river *h₂ekw-eh₂- View 1
126 road *pent- View 0
127 root *wréh₂ds View 1
131 rub *melh₁- View 1
132 salt *sal- View 1
135 scratch *gerbʰ- View 1
137 see *derḱ- View 1
137 see *weyd- View 1
139 sew *syuh₁- View 1
140 sharp *h₂eḱ- View 1
140 sharp *h₁edʰ- View 0
141 short *mreǵʰú- View 1
142 sing *kan- View 1
143 sit *sed- View 1
143 sit *ēs- View 1
144 skin *pel-ni- 'skin, hide' View 1
146 sleep *swep- View 1
146 sleep *drem- View 1
147 small *mey- View 1
148 smell *h₃ed- to smell, stink View 1
149 smoke *dʰuh₁mós View 1
151 snake *h₂engwi View 1
151 snake *neh₁tr- View 0
152 snow *sneigwh- View 1
153 some *kaylo- View 0
153 some *solwo- View 0
154 spit *sp(y)eu- View 1
158 stand *steh₂- View 1
159 star *h₂stḗr View 1
160 stick *ǵhasto-, *ǵhazdho- View 0
161 stone *h₂ekmon View 1
163 suck *dʰeh₁(i)- View 1
164 sun *sóh₂wl̥ View 1
166 swim *néh₂-u- View 1
168 that *só, *séh₂, *tód View 1
171 thick *bʰenǵʰ View 1
172 thin *ténh₂us View 1
173 think *tong- View 1
174 this *kos, *koh₂, *kod View 1
175 thou *túh₂ View 1
176 three *tréyes View 1
177 throw *swep- View 0
179 tongue *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s View 1
180 tooth *h₃dónts View 1
180 tooth *ǵembʰ- View 1
181 tree *dóru genitive *dréws View 1
183 two *dwóh₁; *dwó View 1
184 vomit *wem- View 1
184 vomit *h₁reug- View 1
185 walk *gʰredʰ- View 1
186 warm *gʷʰer- View 1
186 warm *tep- View 1
187 wash *leh₂w- View 1
187 wash *neygʷ- View 1
188 water *akʷā View 1
188 water *h₂ep- Also /meaning/lake/ View 0
189 we *wéy View 1
190 wet *wed View 1
194 white *h₂elbʰós View 1
195 who *kʷod AF: *kʷos, adjective View 1
195 who *kʷis pronoun View 1
198 wind *ḱewero- View 0
201 with *pe View 0
201 with *kom View 1
202 woman h₁esor- View 0
202 woman *gʷḗn View 1
204 worm *wr̥mi- View 1
206 year *yeHr- View 1
206 year *wet- View 1
207 yellow *k(e)nhkos View 0
205 you *yū View 1

Count: 191