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ID Meaning Source Form Phonological Form Gloss Notes nCog
82 I ek ek View 1
1 all allir alːɪr View 1
2 and ok ɔk View 1
3 animal dýr dyːr View 1
4 ashes aska ˈaska View 1
5 at við við 'at' Best candidate for this meaning, ... View 1
5 at at at to View 1
6 back bak bak View 1
6 back hryggr ɣryɡːr less inclusive, esp. ‘spine’ View 1
7 bad vándr vaːndr View 1
7 bad dáligr ˈdaːliɣr 'bad' Not the default/most common word View 1
7 bad íllr ilːr 'evil' borrowed into MEng.: ill Not ... View 1
8 bark bǫrkr bɔrkr View 1
9 because því (at) θviː (at) AF fyrir Þvíat View 1
10 belly vo̜mb vɔmb 'belly (of animal)' View 1
10 belly magi ˈmaɣi 'stomach' Really does refer to the ... View 1
10 belly kviðr kviðr 'womb' less inclusive: ‘womb’ View 1
11 big stórr stoːrː ‘big, great of size’ View 1
11 big mikill ˈmikilː ‘large, great, much, swollen [of ... View 1
12 bird fugl fuɣl View 1
13 bite bíta ˈbiːta AF bítr View 1
14 black svartr svartr View 1
15 blood blóð bloːð View 1
16 blow blása ˈblaːsa AF blæss View 1
17 bone bein bɛin View 1
18 breast brjóst brjoːst View 1
19 breathe anda ˈanda View 1
19 breathe o̜nd 'breath' Not the verb View 1
20 burn brenna ˈbrenːa AF brennr View 1
21 child barn barn View 1
22 cloud ský skyː View 1
23 cold kaldr kaldr View 1
24 come koma ˈkoma AF kømr View 1
25 count telja ˈtelja AF telr View 1
26 cut meita ˈmɛita Only attested in poetic usage View 1
26 cut skera ˈskera AF skerr View 1
26 cut sníða ˈsniːða 'slice, prune (tree)' View 1
27 day dagr daɣr View 1
28 die andask ˈandask 'breathe one's last' split from DKB View 1
28 die deyja ˈdɛyja AF deyr, split from DKB View 1
29 dig grafa ˈɡrava AF grefr View 1
30 dirty saurugr ˈsauruɣr 'muddy' also ‘impure, sinful’, saurigr = ... View 1
30 dirty úhreinn uːˈɣrɛinː 'unclean' AF úhreinn View 1
30 dirty skítugr ˈskitugr 'dirty' The form formerly here is ... View 1
31 dog hundr hundr View 1
31 dog rakki ˈrakːi A slightly less common term View 1
32 drink drekka ˈdrekːa AF drekkr View 1
33 dry þurr θurː View 1
34 dull sljór sljoːr AF slær sljór View 1
35 dust dust dust View 1
35 dust joreykr 'horse smoke' ‘cloud of dust as caused ... View 1
35 dust dumba ˈdumba 'mist' esp. from threshing View 1
35 dust damm damː 'flavor' I was unable to find ... View 1
36 ear eyra ˈɛyra View 1
37 earth mold mold View 1
37 earth jo̜rð jɔrð ‘ground, tellus’ View 1
38 eat eta ˈeta AF etr View 1
39 egg egg eɡː View 1
40 eye auga ˈauɣa View 1
41 fall falla ˈfalːa AF fellr View 1
42 far langt lanɣt 'long' neuter form of adjective can ... View 1
42 far fjarri ˈfjarːi View 1
43 fat smjo̜r, smør smjɔr, smør 'grease, butter' noun View 1
43 fat fita ˈfita 'fat' noun, AF feita; mostly attested ... View 1
44 father faðir ˈfaðir View 1
45 fear hræðask ˈɣrɛðask AF vera hræddr, hræðisk View 1
45 fear óttask ˈoːtːask Choice of this or hræðask ... View 1
46 feather fjo̜ðr fjɔðr View 1
47 few fár faːr View 1
48 fight vega ˈveɣa 'fight with weapons' View 1
48 fight stríða ˈstriːða 'punish, fight, do battle' View 1
48 fight slásk slaːsk View 1
48 fight berjask ˈberjask AF bersk View 1
49 fingernail nagl naɣl View 1
50 fire eldr eldr View 1
51 fish fiskr fiskr View 1
52 five fimm fimː View 1
53 float fljóta ˈfljoːta View 1
53 float flýta ˈflyːta 'hasten' Unable to find this in ... View 1
54 flow renna ˈrenːa 'run, stream' AF rennr View 1
54 flow fljótask ˈfljoːtask 'stream' middle form of 'float' View 1
54 flow streyma ˈstrɛyma 'stream' View 1
55 flower blóm bloːm AF blómstr View 1
56 fly fljúga ˈfljuːɣa AF flýgr View 1
57 fog þoka ˈθoka View 1
58 foot fótr foːtr 'foot, leg' refers to entire lower limb View 1
59 four fjórir ˈfjoːrir View 1
60 freeze kala ˈkala ‘make feel cold’, AF vera ... View 1
60 freeze frjósa ˈfrjoːsa 'freeze' ‘to ice’ trans.; accusative subject ... View 1
60 freeze frýss intrans. This is not a ... View 1
61 fruit fruktr, fryktr fruktr, fryktr Not attested until quite late, ... View 1
61 fruit aldin ˈaldin = Lat. ALERE 'nourish, feed' ... View 1
62 full fullr fulːr View 1
63 give gefa ˈɡeva AF gefr View 1
64 good góðr ɡoːðr View 1
65 grass gras ɡras View 1
66 green grœnn ɡrøːnː View 1
67 guts iðr, innr iðr, inːr 'bowels, entrails' View 1
67 guts garnar/gǫrn 'guts' AF go̜rn View 1
67 guts þarmr 'guts' AF Þarmr View 1
67 guts innyfli, innylfi inːyfli, inːylfi 'bowels' View 1
68 hair skopt skopt 'hair' Only in poetic usage View 1
68 hair hár haːr View 1
69 hand ho̜nd hɔnd Refers to entire limb View 1
70 he hann hanː View 1
71 head ho̜fuð ˈhɔvuð View 1
72 hear heyra ˈhɛyra AF heyrir View 1
73 heart hjarta ˈɣjarta View 1
74 heavy ho̜fugr ˈhɔfuɣr View 1
74 heavy þungr θunɣr View 1
75 here hér heːr AF hēr View 1
76 hit berja ˈberja View 1
76 hit lýstr Does not appear in any ... View 1
76 hit drepa ˈdrepa View 1
76 hit slá slaː AF slær View 1
77 hold halda ˈhalda AF heldr View 1
78 horn horn horn View 1
79 how hvé ɣveː AF (hvernig) hversu View 1
80 hunt veiða ˈvɛiða AF veiðir View 1
80 hunt jaga ˈjaɡa View 1
81 husband verr verː prob. high style View 1
81 husband maðr maðr not specific View 1
81 husband bóndi ˈboːndi e.g. Adam in relation to ... View 1
83 ice íss iːsː View 1
84 if ef ef View 1
85 in View 1
86 kill deyða ˈdɛyða View 1
86 kill vega ˈveːɡa View 1
86 kill drepa ˈdrepa AF drepr, cf. also 76 ... View 1
87 knee kné kneː View 1
88 know vita ˈviːta AF veit View 1
89 lake vatn vatn View 1
90 laugh hlæja ˈɣlɛja AF hlær View 1
91 leaf lauf lauf later collective, AF laufsblað (blað) View 1
91 leaf blað blað View 1
92 left vinstri ˈvinstri View 1
93 leg leggr leɡːr refers to the long bone ... View 1
93 leg fótr foːtr refers to entire lower limb View 1
94 lie liggja ˈliɡːja AF liggr View 1
95 live lifa ˈlifa AF lifir View 1
95 live búa buːa 'dwell' Also used in the meaning ... View 1
96 liver lifr lifr View 1
97 long langr lanɣr View 1
98 louse lús luːs View 1
99 man verr verː View 1
99 man maðr ˈmaðr View 1
99 man gumi ˈɡumi View 1
99 man karlmaðr ˈkarlˌmaðr AF maðr, general term, also ... View 2
99 man karl karl also ‘old man, man of ... View 1
100 many margir ˈmarɡir View 1
101 meat kjǫt kjɔt ‘food' View 1
101 meat hold hold 'flesh' primarily used of non-edible flesh, ... View 1
102 moon tungl tunɣl View 1
102 moon máni ˈmaːni poetic View 1
103 mother móðir ˈmoːðir View 1
104 mountain fjall fjalː View 1
104 mountain berg, bjarg berɡ, bjarɡ 'elevated rocky ground; precipice' View 1
105 mouth munnr munːr View 1
106 name nafn nafn View 1
107 narrow mjór mjoːr 'slim' opp. of breíðr View 1
107 narrow þrǫngr θrɔnɣr as of shirt, room, opp. ... View 1
108 near nær nɛr View 1
109 neck hals, háls hals View 1
109 neck hnakki ɣnakːi 'nape of neck' Deleted hnakkr -- different lexeme ... View 1
109 neck svíri ˈsviːri View 1
110 new nýr nyːr View 1
111 night nótt noːtː View 1
112 nose nǫs nɔs 'nostrils, front of nose' View 1
112 nose nef nef View 1
113 not -a, -at, -t a AF at, enclitic View 1
113 not ekki, eigi ˈekːi, ˈɛiɡi emphatic, also nothing, AF eigi View 1
113 not né neː AF ne, proclitic View 1
114 old forn forn more common with inanimates View 1
114 old gamall ˈɡamalː View 1
115 one einn ɛinː View 1
116 other annarr ˈanːarː View 1
117 person gumi ˈɡumi archaic, high style View 1
117 person maðr maðr View 1
118 play leika ˈlɛika AF leikr View 1
119 pull draga ˈdraɣa AF dregr View 1
119 pull toga ˈtoɣa View 1
120 push skýfa ˈskuːfa AF skýfir Changed spelling -- ... View 1
120 push hrinda ˈɣrinda ‘push away’, IE *qret- (Walde ... View 1
120 push skjóta ˈskjoːta 'shoot' View 1
121 rain regn reɣn View 1
122 red rauðr rauðr View 1
123 right réttr reːtːr View 1
124 rightside hœgri ˈhøːɡri comparative form of hœgr 'easy/convenient', ... View 1
125 river elfr elfr View 1
125 river View 1
125 river fljót View 1
126 road vegr veɡr View 1
126 road gata ˈɡata View 1
127 root rót roːt View 1
128 rope síma ˈsiːma View 1
128 rope strengr strenɣr = NE STRONG < IE ... View 1
128 rope reip rɛip View 1
128 rope taug, tog tauɡ, toɡ AF taug View 1
129 rotten fúinn ˈfuːinː View 1
129 rotten fúna ˈfuːna infinitive of verb View 1
129 rotten rotinn ˈrotinː View 1
129 rotten morkinn ˈmorkinː View 1
129 rotten meyrr View 1
130 round bo̜llóttr ˈbɔlːˌloːtːr ‘globular’ View 1
130 round sívalr ˈsiːˌvalr cylindrical’, AF valr View 1
130 round kringlóttr ˈkrinɣˌloːtːr ‘circular’; kringla 'circle' View 1
131 rub gnúa ˈɡnuːa AF gnýr View 1
132 salt salt salt View 1
133 sand sandr sandr View 1
134 say kveða ˈkveða View 1
134 say segja ˈseɣja View 1
135 scratch hrífa ˈɣriːva View 1
135 scratch skefr View 1
135 scratch klá klaː with fingernails', AF klóra (also ... View 1
136 sea sær, sjór sɛːr, sjoːr Ringe et al. gives these ... View 1
136 sea haf hav View 1
137 see séa, sjá ˈseːa, sjaː Ringe et al. gives only ... View 1
138 seed frjó frjoː AF fræ View 1
138 seed sáð saːð View 1
139 sew sýja ˈsyːja View 1
139 sew sauma, seyma ˈsauma, ˈsɛyma only of boats, ultim. cognate, ... View 1
140 sharp hvass ɣvasː also of point View 1
140 sharp skarpr skarpr View 1
140 sharp bitr bitr cutting implements View 1
141 short skammr skamːr either cogn. with 'dig' /cognate/202/ ... View 1
141 short stuttr stutːr View 1
142 sing syngva, syngja ˈsynɣva, synɣja AF syngr View 1
142 sing ɡala ˈɡala ON GALA < IE *ghel- ... View 1
143 sit sitja ˈsitja AF sitr View 1
144 skin hœrund ˈhøːrund View 1
144 skin húð huːð View 1
144 skin skinn skinː View 1
145 sky himinn ˈhiminː View 1
145 sky lopt View 1
146 sleep sofa ˈsova AF søfr View 1
147 small smár smaːr View 1
147 small lítill ˈliːtilː View 1
148 smell lukta ˈlukta View 1
148 smell þefa ˈθefa AF Þefr (noun) View 1
149 smoke reykr rɛykr cf. /lexeme/21606/ View 1
150 smooth sléttr sleːtːr View 1
151 snake slangi ˈslanɣi View 1
151 snake naðr naðr View 1
151 snake snákr snaːkr View 1
151 snake ormr ormr View 1
152 snow snjór snjoːr AF snær View 1
153 some sumir ˈsumir View 1
153 some nokkurir ˈnokːurir more than a couple rather ... View 1
154 spit hrækja ˈɣrɛːkja IE *ker-, kor-, kr- 'imitation ... View 1
154 spit spýta ˈspyːta AF spýtir View 1
155 split kljúfa ˈkljuːva AF klýfr View 1
156 squeeze kreista ˈkrɛista with hand View 1
156 squeeze þryngva ˈθrynɣva View 1
157 stab stinga ˈstinɣa View 1
158 stand standa ˈstanda AF: stendr View 1
159 star stjarna ˈstjarna View 1
160 stick vo̜lr vɔlr View 1
160 stick stafr stavr View 1
160 stick pinni ˈpinːi View 1
160 stick keppr kepːr View 1
160 stick kefli ˈkefli IE *ĝeb- or ĝebh- 'branch, ... View 0
161 stone steinn stɛinː View 1
162 straight réttr reːtːr View 1
162 straight beinn bɛinː View 1
163 suck súga ˈsuːɣa AF sýgr View 1
164 sun sunna ˈsunːa View 1
164 sun sól soːl View 1
165 swell svella ˈsvelːa of sea, body part, AF ... View 1
165 swell þrútna ˈθruːtna < *ster- 'stiff, firm' (Walde ... View 1
166 swim svima, svimma, symja ˈsvima, ˈsvimːa, ˑsymja AF svimmr View 1
167 tail hali ˈhali also 'rofa' View 1
167 tail stertr stertr View 1
167 tail sporðr sporðr View 1
167 tail rófa ˈroːva View 1
167 tail véli ˈveːli of a bird View 1
168 that þat θat opp. of this: hinn, hitt View 1
168 that sá saː View 1
169 there þar θar View 1
170 they þeir θɛir View 1
171 thick digr diɡr round objects View 1
171 thick þykkr θykːr opp. of thin, flat solid ... View 1
172 thin þunnr θunːr of flat objects View 1
172 thin grannr ɡranːr of round objects View 1
172 thin mjór mjoːr of round objects, 'small, lank' ... View 1
173 think hyggja ˈhyɡːja AF hugsa(r ), hyggr View 1
174 this þessi ˈθesːi View 1
174 this sjá sjaː View 1
175 thou þú θuː View 1
176 three þrír θriːr View 1
177 throw slyngja, slyngva ˈslynɣja, ˈslynɣva View 1
177 throw verpa ˈverpa View 1
177 throw kasta ˈkasta AF kastar View 1
178 tie knýta ˈknyːta View 1
178 tie binda ˈbinda AF bindr View 1
179 tongue tunga ˈtunɣa View 1
180 tooth to̜nn tɔnː View 1
181 tree tré treː View 1
182 turn venda ˈvenda View 1
182 turn hverfa ˈɣverva < IE *kuerp- (Walde 1930: ... View 1
182 turn snúa(sk) ˈsnuːa(sk) AF snýr View 1
182 turn ríða View 1
183 two tveir tvɛir View 1
184 vomit spýja ˈspyːja AF spýr View 1
185 walk ganga ˈɡanɣa AF gengr View 1
186 warm heitr hɛitr of fire, summer View 1
186 warm hlýr ɣlyːr View 1
186 warm varmr varmr of a day, summer View 1
187 wash vaska ˈvaska View 1
187 wash þvá θvaː AF Þvær View 1
188 water vatn vatn View 1
189 we vér veːr pl. du. (dual?), AF vit View 1
190 wet vátr vaːtr View 1
190 wet blautr blautr View 1
191 what hvat ɣvat View 1
192 when hvénær ˈɣveːˌnɛːr View 1
193 where hvar ɣvar View 1
194 white hvítr ɣviːtr View 1
195 who hverr ɣverː of several, AF hvárr (of ... View 1
196 wide breiðr brɛiðr View 1
196 wide víðr viːðr View 1
197 wife kona ˈkona AF kvæn, kván View 1
197 wife víf viːf high style View 1
197 wife húsfrú, hústrú ˈhuːsˌfruː, ˈhuːsˌtruː View 2
198 wind vindr vindr View 1
199 wing vængr vɛnɣr View 1
200 wipe þerra ˈθerːa View 1
200 wipe þurka ˈθurka View 1
201 with við við View 1
201 with með með View 1
202 woman kvennmaðr ˈkvenːˌmaðr View 1
202 woman kona ˈkona View 1
203 woods viðr viðr View 1
203 woods skógr skoːɡr View 1
203 woods mo̜rk mɔrk View 1
204 worm maðkr maðkr in the ground, ‘larva’ View 1
204 worm ormr ormr View 1
206 year ár aːr View 1
207 yellow gulr ɡulr View 1
205 you (þ)ér (θ)eːr du. (dual?), AF (Þ)it View 1

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