IELex

Gaulish (all)

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Gaulish:
Description The introduction to Delamarre's Gaulish lexicon contains a good discussion of the difficulty of determining lexeme meanings in this language. (Basic vocabulary judgments are especially hard because much of our knowledge of the lexicon is through analysis of proper names, including personal names, theonyms, and toponyms. Vocabulary has been entered in cases where it seems clear that a form did indeed have the relevant meaning synchronically in Gaulish, including cases where this is an inference from names.)

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ID Meaning Source Form Phonological Form Gloss Notes nCog
82 I mi ? I Controversial. Either affixed pronoun in ... View 1
2 and etic Etymology *eti-kʷe View 2
8 bark rusca This word is inferred from ... View 1
11 big magio- Attested in many proper names, ... View 1
11 big māro- Reconstructed form, based on attested ... View 1
12 bird etno- Attested in a theonym Etnosus, ... View 1
14 black dubu-/-i Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
18 breast brunnio- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
23 cold ougro- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
27 day sindiu today sindiu "today" < "this day" View 1
31 dog cuno- Attested in numerous names, e.g. ... View 1
32 drink ibetis The attested form is 2 ... View 1
33 dry tarto- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 0
36 ear aus(i)- Attested in some names, e.g. ... View 1
37 earth talamo- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
37 earth diarā Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
38 eat depro- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 0
40 eye derco View 1
43 fat galba View 0
44 father ater- Attested as dat. pl. atrebo. View 1
50 fire ten- Reconstructed form. View 1
50 fire aidu- Reconstructed form, based on attested ... View 0
52 five pempe Attested in compounds and derivatives, ... View 1
55 flower blato- Attested in names. View 1
58 foot treide A late Gaulish form corresponding ... View 1
58 foot kokso- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
59 four petuar Attested in derivatives, e.g. petuar[ios] ... View 1
62 full lano- Attested in many personal and ... View 1
63 give dede Attested form means "has given, ... View 1
64 good dagos View 1
64 good manu-/o- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 0
64 good matu- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
66 green glastum Isatis tinctoria (glastum or dyer's woad) The Gaulish word is reported ... View 1
68 hair uolto- Attested in personal names, e.g. ... View 1
69 hand lama Attested in toponyms and personal ... View 1
71 head barro- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 0
71 head penno- View 1
72 hear cluiou The attested form is 1sg. View 1
73 heart crid(io)- Attested in proper names. View 1
77 hold delgu I hold, I contain View 1
78 horn banno- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 0
78 horn carnon View 1
83 ice iag(o)- Inferred from French hydronyms, e.g. ... View 1
86 kill orge The attested form is imperative ... View 1
88 know uid- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
89 lake locu Attested in place names, e.g. ... View 1
91 leaf dula Attested in a compound pempe-dula ... View 1
97 long siros View 1
99 man uiros Extremely common element of personal ... View 1
100 many elu- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
101 meat kiko- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
103 mother matir View 1
104 mountain bergona, briga Reconstructed forms, based on attestations ... View 1
105 mouth bocca Latin bucca is often regarded ... View 1
105 mouth genu- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
105 mouth manto-/i- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 0
106 name anuana This attested form is plural. ... View 1
109 neck man- Reconstructed form based on attestations. View 1
110 new nouiios View 1
110 new nouio-/neuio- Reconstructed forms, based on attestations ... View 1
111 night noxt- Attested in derivatives, e.g. tri-noxt[ion] ... View 1
112 nose srogna Reconstructed form, cf OFr froigne ... View 1
113 not ne View 1
114 old senos Frequent in personal names, e.g. ... View 1
115 one oino- Reconstructed form based on attestations ... View 1
116 other allos second, other Also attested in proper names, ... View 1
117 person gdonios Inferred from the compound teuoxtonio- ... View 1
122 red roudos Attested in names, e.g. Rudianus ... View 1
124 rightside dexsiuo- right, south Attested in names. View 1
125 river abona Attested in names, e.g. the ... View 1
126 road sentu- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
126 road cammino- Borrowed into medieval Latin camminus ... View 1
130 round kurro- Reconstructed form, based on attestations. ... View 0
133 sand graua Reconstructed form based on attestations, ... View 0
134 say labaro- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
136 sea more Attested as such, and in ... View 1
137 see pissiumi I will see View 1
138 seed silo- Reconstructed form. View 1
143 sit sed- Reconstructed form. View 1
147 small lagu-, lau Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 0
147 small bikko- Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 1
147 small meion Reconstructed form, based on attestations ... View 0
159 star stir- Attested in a theonym. View 1
161 stone akaunon Reconstructed form based on attestations ... View 0
164 sun sonno- Reconstructed form based on attestation ... View 1
167 tail losto- Reconstructed form based on attestation ... View 1
168 that se, so, san(a) View 1
174 this sinde View 0
175 thou ti View 1
176 three tri- View 1
179 tongue tengua Reconstructed form based on attestations, ... View 1
181 tree prenne View 1
181 tree bilio- Reconstructed form based on attestations, ... View 1
181 tree uidu- Reconstructed form based on attestations ... View 1
183 two (uo-)dui two times View 1
186 warm tess(i)-/teđđ(I)- Reconstructed form based on attestations ... View 1
188 water dubron Attested in river names and ... View 1
188 water unna- < *udnā. Reconstructed form based ... View 0
189 we sni View 1
194 white uindos Attested in very many names ... View 1
195 who po[s?] View 1
196 wide litanos View 1
202 woman bnanom The cited form is genitive ... View 1
203 woods uidu- Attested in toponyms, attested (e.g. ... View 1
207 yellow melino- Reconstructed form based on attestations, ... View 1

Count: 105