IELex

Elfdalian (all)

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Elfdalian:
Description Övdalian (a.k.a. "Elfdalian". The endonym is "övdalsk") is a Northern Germanic variety spoken in the south-eastern part of Älvdalen Municipality in Northern Dalarna, Sweden. (Local name of the area: Övdaln.) Övdalian has traditionally been classified as a dialect of Swedish, but several linguists consider it a separate language. (See e.g. http://www.aftonbladet.se/debatt/article11053696.ab in Swedish)

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ID Meaning Source Form Phonological Form Gloss Notes nCog
82 I ig ɪːg View 1
1 all oll olː View 1
2 and og oːg View 1
3 animal krytyr krỳtyːr View 1
3 animal diuor djʉər View 1
4 ashes aska ɑ̀skɑ View 1
5 at wið wɪːð View 1
5 at ą̊ View 1
6 back rygg rygː View 1
7 bad illa View 1
7 bad dålin dɔ̀ːlɪn Can also mean "ill, sick" View 1
7 bad liuot View 1
7 bad uond View 1
8 bark bark bɑrk View 1
9 because fer View 1
9 because ettersos ɛtːɛrsós View 1
10 belly mågå mɔ̀gɔ Older nominative form: "magi". "mågå" ... View 1
10 belly kwið kwɪːð View 1
11 big stur stʉːr View 1
12 bird fugel fʉ́gɛl View 1
13 bite baita bɑ̀ɪtɑ View 1
14 black swart swɑrt View 1
15 blood bluoð blʉəð View 1
16 blow blåsa blɔ̀ːsɑ View 1
17 bone bien bɪɛːn older form: bįe View 1
18 breast brest brɛst View 1
19 breathe węsa ˈwɛ̃̀ːsɑ No available cognate category for ... View 1
19 breathe andas View 1
20 burn brenna brɛ̀nːɑ Transitive meaning. View 1
20 burn brinna brɪ̀nːɑ Intransitive meaning. View 1
21 child kripp krɪpː View 1
22 cloud muoln mʉəln View 1
23 cold kold kold View 1
24 come kumå ˈkʉ̀mɔ View 1
25 count rekken ˈrɛ̀kːɛn View 1
26 cut ogga ˈògːɑ No available cognate category for ... View 1
26 cut stjärå ˈstjæ̀rɔ View 1
27 day dag dɑːg View 1
28 die däa ˈdæ̀ːɑ View 1
29 dig gråvå ˈgrɔ̀vɔ View 1
30 dirty dritun ˈdrɪ̀tʉn View 1
30 dirty ųotäg un-clean Negating prefix ųo- + täg ... View 1
30 dirty ųorien un-clean Negating prefix ųo- + rien ... View 1
31 dog rakke rɑ̀kːɛ View 1
32 drink drikka ˈdrɪ̀kːɑ View 1
33 dry tuorr tʉərː View 1
34 dull sliuog l̥ljʉəg View 1
34 dull trubbun View 1
35 dust damb dɑmb View 1
36 ear ära ˈæ̀ːrɑ View 1
37 earth muld mʉld View 1
38 eat jätå ˈjæ̀tɔ View 1
39 egg egg ɛgː View 1
40 eye oga ˈòːgɑ View 1
41 fall folla ˈfòlːɑ View 1
42 far launggt brott ˌlɑʉŋgt ˈbrotː View 1
43 fat fieta ˈfɪ̀ɛːtɑ View 1
44 father faðer ˈfɑ̀ðɛr View 1
45 fear frukta View 1
45 fear räðas ˈræ̀ːðɑs "wårå redd" 'be afraid' is ... View 1
46 feather fjäðer NB! This word might only ... View 1
46 feather daungen ˈdɑ́ʉŋɛn No available cognate category for ... View 1
47 few fåer ˈfɔ̀ːɛr "bar nogrer" 'just some' is ... View 1
48 fight slå'ss ˈslɔːsː View 1
48 fight raivas ˈrɑ̀ɪvɑs View 1
49 fingernail nagel ˈnɑ̀gɛl View 1
50 fire jäld jæld View 1
51 fish fisk fɪsk View 1
52 five fem fɛmː View 1
53 float fliuota ˈfljʉ̀ətɑ View 1
54 flow lopa ˈlòːpɑ No available cognate category for ... View 1
55 flower bljåmme bljɔ̀mːɛ View 1
56 fly fliuoga ˈfljʉ̀əgɑ View 1
57 fog dumba ˈdʉ̀mbɑ View 1
58 foot fuot fʉət also used for "leg" View 1
59 four fyra ˈfỳːrɑ Inflected: M&F fiuorer; N fiuorų View 1
60 freeze työlå tyœ̀lɔ Intransitive View 1
60 freeze friuosa View 1
61 fruit frukt frʉkt View 1
62 full full fʉlː View 1
63 give djävå ˈdʒæ̀vɔ View 1
64 good bra brɑː View 1
64 good guoð View 1
65 grass gras grɑːs View 1
66 green gryön gryœn View 1
67 guts inmat ˈɪ̀nmɑːt View 1
67 guts renta ˈrɛ̀ntɑ View 1
68 hair år ɔːr View 1
69 hand and ɑnd "and" more common now due ... View 1
69 hand nevå ˈnɛ̀vɔ 1. Older nominative form: "nevi". ... View 1
70 he an ɑnː View 1
71 head skolle ˈskòlːɛ View 1
71 head ovuð ˈòvʉð View 1
72 hear ära ˈæ̀ːrɑ View 1
73 heart järta ˈjæ̀rtɑ View 1
74 heavy tungg tʉŋg View 1
75 here jär; jenę jæːr; ˈjɛ́ːnɛ̃ "jenę" = 'right here' View 1
76 hit slå l̥lɔː "daindja" = 'beat someone up' View 1
76 hit daindja ˈdɑ̀ɪndʒɑ "daindja" = 'beat someone up' View 1
77 hold olda ˈòldɑ View 1
78 horn uonn ʉənː View 1
79 how ur; ukin ʉːr; ˈʉ̀kɪn View 1
80 hunt jaga ˈjɑ̀ːgɑ View 1
81 husband gubbe ˈgʉ̀bːɛ View 1
81 husband kall kɑlː View 1
83 ice ais ɑɪs View 1
84 if um ʉm View 1
85 in i ɪː often compounded e.g. down-in, thither-in ... View 1
86 kill drepå ˈdrɛ̀pɔ View 1
86 kill ela ˈɛ̀ːlɑ View 1
86 kill ev ijel ˌɛːv ɪˈjɛːl View 1
87 knee kni knɪː View 1
88 know witå ˈwɪ̀tɔ View 1
89 lake sju sjʉː View 1
90 laugh gręsas ˈgrɛ̃̀ːsɑs used especially about a scornful ... View 1
90 laugh läa ˈlæ̀ːɑ View 1
91 leaf blað blɑːð View 1
91 leaf lov luːv View 1
92 left wįster ˈwɪ̃́ːstɛr View 1
93 leg skaunk View 1
93 leg fuot fʉət Traditionally, "fuot" has been used ... View 1
93 leg bien bɪɛːn Traditionally, "fuot" has been used ... View 1
93 leg legg uncommon View 1
94 lie ligga lɪ̀gːɑ View 1
95 live livå lɪ̀vɔ byddja = inhabit, build; livå ... View 1
95 live byddja bỳd͡ʒːɑ byddja = inhabit, build; livå ... View 1
96 liver lyr lyːr View 1
97 long laungg lɑʉŋg View 1
98 louse laus lɑʉs View 1
99 man mann View 1
99 man kall kɑlː View 1
100 many mikkel mɪ̀kːɛl View 1
100 many maungg mɑʉŋg View 1
101 meat uld View 1
101 meat tjyöt t͡ʃyœt View 1
102 moon tunggel tʉ́ŋgɛl View 1
103 mother muna; mųor ˈmʉ̀ːnɑ; mʉ̃ə̃r View 1
104 mountain fjäll View 1
104 mountain bjärr bjærː View 1
105 mouth munn mʉnː View 1
106 name nammen ˈnɑ́mːɛn View 1
107 narrow traungg trɑʉŋg View 1
107 narrow mjǫ View 1
107 narrow smal View 1
108 near nęr nɛ̃ːr View 1
109 neck nakke Only(?) used about "nape of ... View 1
109 neck ås oːs View 1
110 new ny nyː View 1
111 night ną̊t nõːt View 1
112 nose nev nɛːv View 1
113 not inte ɪ̀ntɛ Unstressed form: "it" View 1
114 old gåmål ˈgɔ̀mɔl "gambel-" or "gamt-" in compounds View 1
115 one ien ɪɛnː View 1
116 other oðer òðɛr View 1
117 person persuon View 1
117 person menistj mɛ̀nɪstʃ View 1
118 play spilå ˈspɪ̀lɔ View 1
118 play läka læ̀ːkɑ View 1
119 pull drågå drɔ̀gɔ View 1
120 push bukå ˈbʉ̀kɔ View 1
120 push rekå ˈrɛ̀kɔ View 1
120 push tryttja ˈtrỳt͡ʃːɑ View 1
121 rain raingen rɑ́jŋɛn View 1
122 red roð roːð View 1
123 right rett rɛtː View 1
124 rightside yöger ýːœgɛr View 1
125 river öve œ̀ːvɛ View 1
125 river å View 1
126 road weg wɛːg View 1
127 root ruot rʉːət View 1
128 rope riep rɪɛp View 1
128 rope tråss View 1
129 rotten rotin View 1
129 rotten fuoskun ˈfʉə̀skʉn View 1
130 round rund View 1
130 round kringglun ˈkrɪ̀ŋglʉn View 1
131 rub gnukå ˈgnʉ̀kɔ View 1
132 salt solt solt View 1
133 sand sand sɑnd View 1
134 say saja ˈsɑ̀jɑ View 1
134 say låta ˈlɔ̀ːtɑ No available cognate category for ... View 1
135 scratch klå klɔː View 1
136 sea av NB! Used about oceans, e.g. ... View 1
136 sea sju sjʉː View 1
137 see sją̊ sjõː View 1
138 seed säð View 1
138 seed frie frɪɛː View 1
139 sew söma ˈsœ̀ːmɑ View 1
140 sharp wass wɑsː View 1
141 short stutt stʉtː View 1
142 sing kweðå ˈkwɛ̀ðɔ No available cognate category for ... View 1
143 sit sittja ˈsɪ̀t͡ʃːɑ View 1
144 skin stjinn stʃɪnː only for human skin View 1
145 sky imil ˈɪ̀mɪl View 1
146 sleep såvå ˈsɔ̀vɔ View 1
147 small litn lɪ̀ːtn̩ "smą̊" is the plural form, ... View 1
147 small smą̊ smõː "smą̊" is the plural form, ... View 1
148 smell lukta ˈlʉ̀ktɑ older forms: lupta, lufta View 1
149 smoke räk ræːk View 1
150 smooth glað glɑːð REMOVE View 1
150 smooth sliet l̥lɪɛːt View 1
151 snake uorm ʉərm older form: "launggmakk" lit. 'long-bug' View 1
152 snow sniųo snɪʉ̃ə̃ View 1
153 some summ- ˈsʉmː- summt 'some', summer 'some (people)' View 1
153 some noger ˈnògɛr View 1
154 spit sputta ˈspʉ̀tːɑ View 1
155 split kliuova ˈkljʉ̀əvɑ View 1
156 squeeze klemma ˈklɛ̀mːɑ View 1
157 stab stingga View 1
157 stab ogga ˈògːɑ stikka? View 1
157 stab pikka View 1
158 stand standa ˈstɑ̀ndɑ View 1
159 star stienna ˈstɪ̀ɛnːɑ View 1
160 stick pinne ˈpɪ̀nːɛ View 1
160 stick stor View 1
160 stick kwist kwɪst REMOVE View 1
161 stone stie stɪɛ View 1
162 straight rett; rak rɛtː; rɑːk View 1
163 suck sauga ˈsɑ̀ʉgɑ View 1
164 sun suol sʉəl View 1
165 swell swella ˈswɛ̀lːɑ both intransitive and transitive View 1
166 swim simma ˈsɪ̀mːɑ View 1
167 tail ålå ˈɔ̀lɔ View 1
167 tail rumpa ˈrʉ̀mpɑ older form of ålå: ali View 1
168 that eð-dar; an-dar; ą̊-dar ɛːðˈdɑːr; ɑnˈdɑːr; õːˈdɑːr "Distal" forms of N, M ... View 1
169 there dar dɑːr View 1
170 they dier dɪɛːr View 1
171 thick tjokk View 1
171 thick diger ˈdɪ́ːgɛr View 1
172 thin grann View 1
172 thin tunn tʉnː View 1
172 thin mjǫ View 1
173 think ugsa View 1
173 think taintja ˈtɑ̀ɪntʃɑ View 1
174 this ittað; isn; isų ˈɪ̀tːɑð; ɪ̀sn̩; ˈɪ̀sʉ̃ "Proximal form" of N, M ... View 1
175 thou du dʉː View 1
176 three tri trɪː Inflected forms: M "trair"; F ... View 1
177 throw kasta ˈkɑ̀stɑ View 1
177 throw winda ˈwɪ̀ndɑ View 1
178 tie binda ˈbɪ̀ndɑ View 1
178 tie knåita ˈknɔ̀ɪtɑ View 1
179 tongue tungga ˈtʉ̀ŋgɑ View 1
180 tooth tann tɑnː View 1
181 tree trai trɑɪ View 1
182 turn rwaiða ˈrwɑ̀ɪðɑ View 1
182 turn wenda View 1
183 two twå twɔː Inflected forms: M "twer"; F ... View 1
184 vomit spaja ˈspɑ̀jɑ View 1
185 walk go goː View 1
186 warm warm wɑrm View 1
187 wash twå View 1
187 wash rįesa ˈrɪ̃̀ɛ̃sɑ View 1
188 water wattn wɑ́tːn̩ View 1
189 we wįd wɪ̃ːð View 1
190 wet dävin dæ̀vɪn View 1
190 wet wåt View 1
190 wet wåt wɔːt View 1
191 what wen wɛn View 1
192 when ną̊r nõːr Interrogative pronoun. View 1
193 where war wɑːr View 1
194 white wait wɑɪt View 1
195 who ukin ˈʉ̀kɪn View 1
196 wide brieð brɪɛːð View 1
196 wide waiðum ˈwɑ̀ɪðʉm View 1
197 wife kelingg ˈkɛ̀lɪŋg View 1
198 wind bläst blæːst View 1
199 wing waingg wɑɪŋg View 1
200 wipe torka ˈtòrkɑ View 1
201 with minn mɪnː View 1
202 woman kelingg ˈkɛ̀lɪŋg View 1
202 woman kwinnfuok View 1
203 woods rais rɑɪs View 1
203 woods skuog skʉəg View 1
204 worm makk mɑkː "makk" = worm, larvae, bugs. ... View 1
206 year år ɔːr View 1
207 yellow guol gʉəl View 1
205 you ɪːð View 1

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