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ID Meaning Source Form Phonological Form Gloss Notes nCog
82 I me ˈmeː View 1
1 all holl ˈɔlː View 1
2 and ha(g) a, aɡ View 1
3 animal loen ˈlwẽːn, ˈlɔ̃ːn View 1
3 animal aneval ãˈneːval animal View 2
4 ashes ludu ˈlyːdy ashes View 1
5 at e(n) e, en View 1
6 back kein ˈkɛjn View 1
7 bad fall ˈfalː View 1
7 bad drouk ˈdruːk evil, nasty, mean; also angry View 1
7 bad gwall ˈgwalː View 1
8 bark rusk ˈrysk Collective View 1
9 because abalamour ˌabaˈlɑ̃mur, aˈblɑ̃mǝr, blɑ̃m due to, because of, because, so that, in order that View 1
9 because dre ma dre ma because, as contains the preposition dre 'by, ... View 2
9 because o veza ma o ˈveːza ma (veǝ, veɑ̃) given that contains the particle o + ... View 1
9 because peogwir pewˈgɥiːr since Developed from the phrase Leoneg ... View 0
9 because rag ma, rak ma rak ma because contains the preposition rag, rak ... View 2
10 belly tor ˈtoːr paunch, belly, flank View 1
10 belly kof ˈkoːf View 1
11 big bras ˈbraːs prob. from Lat.: grossus 'thick, ... View 2
12 bird labous ˈlaːbus bird, chick View 1
12 bird evn ˈẽvn, ˈẽwn, ẽːn bird, chick View 1
13 bite krogiñ, kregiñ ˈkroːgĩ, ˈkreːgĩ to hook, to catch, to grap, to seize, to bite (dog) View 2
14 black du ˈdyː View 1
15 blood gwad ˈgwɑːt blood View 1
16 blow c'hwezhañ ˈxweːzã to blow View 1
17 bone askorn ˈaskɔrn bone; stone or kernel (of a fruit) According to Schrijver (1995, 53-55) ... View 1
18 breast bronn ˈbrɔ̃nː breast, tit, something outstanding View 1
19 breathe analañ, analiñ ãˈnɑːlã to breathe, to pant View 0
19 breathe c'hwezhañ, c'houeza ˈxweːzã to blow AF: DIC'HOUEZA, see 'blow' in ... View 0
19 breathe tennañ e anal ˈtɛnːã e ˈãːnal to breathe Light-verb construction, literally 'to draw ... View 1
20 burn loskañ, leskiñ ˈlɔskã, ˈleskĩ to burn, to burn to ashes View 1
21 child bugel ˈbyːɡɛl View 1
22 cloud koumoulenn kuˈmuːlɛn cloud Singulative. The corresponding collective is ... View 1
23 cold yen ˈjẽːn cold (in physical and in moral sense, cruel) View 1
24 come dont ˈdɔ̃nt to come View 1
25 count jedañ, jediñ ˈʒeːdã, ˈʒeːdĩ to count View 0
25 count kontañ ˈkɔ̃ntã to count; to tell, to relate View 1
25 count niveriñ niˈveːrĩ to count, to number, to enumerate From niver 'number' View 2
26 cut troc'hañ ˈtroːɣã to cut, to cut off View 1
26 cut skejañ ˈskeːʒã split from DKB View 1
27 day deiz ˈdɛj(s), ˈdeː day View 1
28 die mervel ˈmɛrvɛl to die, to turn off, to extinguish, to become insensible (limbs) View 1
29 dig kawañ, kawiñ ˈkawɑ̃, ˈkaːvǝ, ˈkaɥɛɲ to dig, to excavate EXCLUDED. Seems to be extremely ... View 1
29 dig kleuzañ ˈkløːzã to dig, to indent View 1
29 dig TOULLA split from DKB View 1
30 dirty lastez ˈlaste(s) refuse, filth Collective noun, which can used ... View 0
30 dirty lous ˈluːs dirty View 1
30 dirty FANK split from DKB View 0
30 dirty louan, loued grey, hairy, modly EXCLUDED. Not the Swadesh term. ... View 1
30 dirty loudour ˈluːdur dirty, messy, untidy, Fr. malpropre Can be used as a ... View 0
30 dirty louidik EXCLUDED. Not contained in the ... View 1
31 dog ki ˈkiː dog View 1
32 drink evañ ˈeːvã to drink View 1
33 dry sec'h ˈseːx dry The inherited word, hesk 'dry' ... View 2
34 dull TALTOUZA split from DKB View 1
34 dull KIZA split from DKB View 0
34 dull dall ˈdalː blind, dull View 1
35 dust poultr ˈpult(r) powder, dust View 2
36 ear skouarn ˈskuːarn, ˈskwarn ear, gills (of fish), handle, View 1
37 earth douar ˈduːar earth, soil, ground, territory View 1
38 eat debriñ ˈdebrĩ to eat View 1
39 egg ui, vi ˈviː, ˈɥiː egg, gonad, larva View 1
40 eye lagad ˈlɑːgat eye, eyelet View 1
41 fall kouezhañ ˈkweː(z)ã to fall, to fall due View 1
42 far lark large, spacious EXCLUDED. Not the Swadesh term View 0
42 far pell ˈpɛlː far, long, for a long time View 1
42 far diabell diaˈbɛl far away, from far, horizon, perspective EXCLUDED. Rare and not the ... View 1
43 fat lard ˈlart fat noun and adjective View 1
44 father tad ˈtaːt father; also male (of bird etc.), champion View 1
45 fear doujañ ˈduːʒã to dread, to make respect, to respect EXCLUDED. Not the Swadesh term. View 1
45 fear kaout (endevout) aon ˈkɔwd ˈãwn to fear Light-verb construction: 'to have fear'. View 1
46 feather pluenn, pluñvenn ˈplyːɛn, ˈplỹːven feather, trigger, bolt Singulative. The corresponding collective is ... View 2
47 few nebeut ˈneːbøt few, a few, some View 1
48 fight kannañ ˈkãnːã to fight, to hit; to bleach, to wash View 1
49 fingernail ivin ˈiːvin fingernail View 1
50 fire tan ˈtãːn fire, ardour View 1
51 fish pesk ˈpesk fish View 2
52 five pemp ˈpɛmp, ˈpẽmp five View 1
53 float flodiñ, flodañ ˈfloːdĩ, ˈfloːdã to float also flotañ, -iñ View 2
53 float NEUI, BEZA WAR NEUN, WAR VORDO View 1
54 flow redek ˈreːdǝg-k to run, also to flow View 1
54 flow BERA split from DKB View 1
54 flow DIVERA split from DKB View 1
55 flower bleuñvenn, bleunienn ˈblœ̃wɛn, ˈblœ̃niɛn flower View 1
56 fly nijal ˈniːʒal to fly View 1
57 fog LUGENN View 1
57 fog LATAR View 1
57 fog MOGIDELL prob. fr. MOG 'hearth', this ... View 0
57 fog morenn related to MOR 'sea'? singulative ... View 0
57 fog brumenn ˈbrymːɛn, ˈbrymɛn mist, fog Difficult to ascertain which of ... View 2
57 fog LUSENN View 1
58 foot troad ˈtrwɑːt foot View 1
59 four pevar ˈpeːvar four pevar (m.), peder (f.) View 1
60 freeze reviñ ˈreːvĩ to freeze, to decay View 1
61 fruit frouezh, frwezh ˈfrweːs fruit View 2
62 full leun ˈløːn full, complete, whole; also covered View 1
63 give reiñ View 1
64 good da View 1
64 good mat ˈmaːt good View 1
65 grass geot View 1
65 grass LETON View 0
66 green glas ˈglaːs green (vegetable); blue; grey, dirty, pallid; fresh (wind) View 1
66 green gwer generally artificial View 2
67 guts bouzellen View 1
68 hair blev, blew, bleo ˈblɛw hair(s), hair of skalp, coat (of animal) View 1
69 hand dorn ˈdɔrn hand, fist View 1
70 he eñ, eñv ẽː, ẽw he View 1
71 head penn ˈpɛnː head; chief; end, top; ear View 1
72 hear klevet ˈklɛːvɛt to hear, to feel View 1
73 heart kalon ˈkaːlon heart, soul View 1
74 heavy ponner, pounner 'pɔ̃nɛr, 'pũnɛr heavy; grave, serious, exaggerated View 2
75 here amañ ˈɑ̃mɑ̃ here, from here View 1
76 hit skoiñ, skeiñ ˈskoi, ˈskei to beat, to hit;to paralyse, to run aground (boat); to ring; to direct (oneself) View 1
77 hold dalc'hen, delc'her, derc'hel ˈdalxen, ˈdɛlxɛr, ˈdɛrxɛl to hold; to keep, to support, to maintain View 1
78 horn korn ˈkɔrn corner, edge; horn (of animal); horn (musical instrument), pioe View 1
79 how penaos peˈnoːs how View 1
80 hunt hemolc'hiñ heˈmolxĩ to chase, to exhaust, to tire out, to pull down; to be in rut (cow or bull) Unclear if this is the ... View 1
80 hunt chaseal, chasseal ʃaˈseal to hunt, to send off, to expel View 2
81 husband pried View 1
81 husband gwaz View 1
81 husband ozac'h ˈoːzax grown up and married man; head of household / family / farm) Can be used in certain ... View 1
83 ice skorn ˈskɔrn ice View 1
84 if ma ma that, if Subordinating conjunction View 1
85 in en, e e, en in, at View 1
86 kill lazañ ˈlaːzã to kill, to turn off, to extinguish, to offend View 1
87 knee glin ˈgliːn knee View 1
88 know gouzout ˈguːzut to know Compound of Old Breton guid-, ... View 1
89 lake lenn ˈlɛnː lake, pond; basin, wash house View 1
89 lake loc'h View 1
90 laugh c'hoarzhin ˈxwarzin to laugh; to smile View 1
91 leaf delienn ˈdeljen leaf (of tree etc.) singulative View 1
92 left kleiz ˈklɛjs left, left-side; left-handed, short-tempered View 1
93 leg gar ˈgaːr jambe View 1
94 lie bezañ en e c'hourvez/bezañ gourvezet ˈbeːzã en e ˈxurves/ˈbeːzã gurˈveːzet to lie Light-verb constructions. 1. bezañ 'to ... View 1
95 live bevañ ˈbeːwã to live, to nourrish View 1
96 liver avu ˈaːvy liver View 1
97 long hir ˈhiːr, ˈiːr long (distance and time) View 1
98 louse laouenn ˈlauɛn louse Singulative; the corresponding collective is ... View 1
99 man paotr View 0
99 man den ˈdẽːn human being; man, husband, person Not the Swadesh term if ... View 1
100 many kalz ˈkals many, much View 1
101 meat kig ˈkiːk flesh, meat View 1
102 moon loar ˈlwaːr, ˈloar moon View 2
103 mother mamm ˈmamː, mɑ̃mː mother, mommy View 1
104 mountain menez ˈmeːnǝs mountain, mount View 1
105 mouth genoù ˈgeːnu, ˈgeːnow mouth View 1
106 name anv, anw, ano ˈɑ̃nw, ˈɑ̃ːno name View 1
107 narrow moan thin, slim, small, slight, gracious EXCLUDED. View 1
107 narrow strizh striːs narrow; strict, rigoureux, stern View 1
107 narrow enk eŋ-k narrow, cramped, tiny Ex. un toull enk, re ... View 1
108 near nes nearer; near, close, intimate EXCULDED. Comparative. Although the comparative ... View 0
108 near tost ˈtɔst near; almost; sparing, severe View 1
108 near e-kichen next to, nearby EXCLUDED. View 0
109 neck gouzoug ˈguːzuk, ˈguːk neck, throat View 1
110 new nevez ˈneːves, ˈneːvǝ new; recent, novel, fresh View 1
111 night noz ˈnoːs night, evening View 1
112 nose fri ˈfriː nose View 1
113 not ne ... ket ne ... ket not Ne is the negator used ... View 1
113 not na, nag ... ket na, nac ... ket not EXCLUDED. Verbal negator in subordinate ... View 1
114 old kozh ˈkoːs old, ancient, wretched View 1
114 old HIR-HOALET HIR 'long' < IE *sēi ... View 0
115 one un, unan yn, ˈynan one Un is used adjectivally, unan ... View 1
116 other all, arall ˈalː, aˈralː other, next arall is the reduplicated form ... View 1
117 person den ˈdeːn human being; man, husband, person View 1
118 play EBATA split from DKB View 0
118 play c'hoari ˈxoaːri, ˈxwaːri to play, to play music View 1
119 pull tennañ ˈtɛnːã to pull, to remove (oneself), to take away View 1
119 pull sachañ View 1
120 push ˈboutañ, ˈbountañ ˈbutã, ˈbuntã to push, to kick (away), to cut, to stick, to get rancid (butter) View 1
120 push poulzañ ˈpulsã to push, to cough, to tarnish View 2
121 rain glav, glaw, glao ˈglaw rain View 1
122 red ruz ˈryː, ˈryːz red View 1
123 right EEUN View 1
123 right GWIRION View 1
123 right reizh ˈreːjs, ˈreːs right, straight, just, correct View 1
123 right REIZEK legitimate EXCLUDED. Not the Swadesh term. View 1
124 rightside dehoù ˈdeːhoʷ, ˈdeː(h)u rightside, south View 1
125 river ster View 1
126 road hent ˈhent, ˈent way, road View 1
127 root gwrizienn ˈg(w)ri(z)jɛn root singulative View 1
128 rope kordenn ˈkɔrdɛn rope, fishing line View 2
129 rotten brein ˈbrejn rotten, being in a bad state, uncultivated View 1
130 round ront ˈront round View 2
130 round krenn ˈkrɛnː average, neat, complete, round View 1
131 rub frotañ ˈfrɔtã to rub, to thrash View 2
131 rub RENVIA View 1
131 rub rimiañ, rimiat to scrape, to scrape off, to rub EXCLUDED. View 1
131 rub SKRABARUZA see /cognate/2888/ View 0
132 salt holen ˈhoːlen, ˈoːlen salt View 1
133 sand traezh ˈtrɛːz sand; shore, beach View 1
134 say lavared laˈvaːred to say, to promise View 1
135 scratch skrabat, kravat View 1
136 sea mor View 1
137 see gwelet View 1
138 seed had View 1
139 sew gwriat View 1
140 sharp lemm View 1
141 short berr View 1
142 sing kanañ View 1
143 sit azezañ View 1
144 skin kroc'hen View 1
145 sky NENV may be cogn. with /cognate/1172/, ... View 0
146 sleep kousket View 1
146 sleep HUNIA AF: HUNI; 'sleep' (n.) View 1
147 small bihan View 1
148 smell EUR C'HOUEZ View 1
148 smell klevet split from DKB View 1
149 smoke moged View 1
150 smooth lintr split from DKB View 0
150 smooth LUFR split from DKB View 0
150 smooth KUNV split from DKB, 'dear, nice' ... View 0
150 smooth levn View 1
150 smooth KOMPEZ split from DKB, prob. fr. ... View 0
151 snake naer, aer View 1
152 snow erc'h View 1
153 some bennak View 1
154 spit tufat View 1
154 spit SKOPA split from DKB View 1
154 spit KRANCHAT split from DKB View 1
155 split faoutañ View 1
156 squeeze gwaskañ View 1
156 squeeze STARDA, STENNA View 0
157 stab goustilhañ View 0
158 stand sav (nn.) View 1
159 star stered View 1
160 stick bazh View 1
161 stone maen View 1
161 stone karreg View 1
162 straight eeun View 1
163 suck sunañ View 1
163 suck denañ View 1
164 sun heol View 1
165 swell c'hwezan split from DKB View 1
165 swell PENBOUFI split from DKB View 0
165 swell STAMBOUC'HA split from DKB View 0
166 swim neuñv View 1
167 tail lost View 1
168 that se an dra se View 1
169 there aze View 1
170 they i View 1
171 thick tev View 1
172 thin tano split from DKB View 1
172 thin moan split from DKB View 1
173 think sonjal View 1
173 think prederiañ View 1
174 this mañ hemañ, an dre mañ View 1
175 thou te View 1
176 three tri (m.), teir (f.) View 1
177 throw taoliñ View 1
178 tie ereñ STAGA < OF. ESTACHIER, ATACHIR ... View 0
178 tie liammañ to tie Used in the same context ... View 0
179 tongue teod View 1
180 tooth dant View 1
181 tree gwez View 1
182 turn troiñ View 1
182 turn TURGNA View 0
183 two daou (m.), div (f.) View 1
184 vomit DISTEUREL split from DKB, prob. fr. ... View 0
184 vomit c'hwedañ split from DKB View 1
184 vomit dislonkañ split from DKB View 1
185 walk kerzhet View 1
186 warm tomm View 1
187 wash gwalc'hiñ View 1
188 water dour View 1
189 we ni View 1
190 wet gleb View 1
191 what petra View 2
192 when pegoulz View 1
193 where pelec'h View 1
194 white gwenn View 1
195 who piv View 1
196 wide ec'hon ˈeːɣõn vast View 1
196 wide ledan ˈleːdɑ̃n wide View 1
196 wide lark larg-k wide, broad, generous View 1
196 wide frank frɑ̃ŋ-k free, libereated, broad, vaste EXCLUDED. View 1
197 wife pried ˈpriːɛd-t spouse EXCUDED. < Lat. PRIVATUS 'one's ... View 0
197 wife gwreg gwreːg-k wife, (married) woman View 1
198 wind avel ˈaːvɛɭ wind View 1
199 wing askell ˈaskɛɭ wing, fin View 2
200 wipe torchañ, torchiñ ˈtɔrʃǝ to wipe View 2
201 with gant gɑ̃n-t with; by, because of, on the occasion of View 1
202 woman maouez ˈmawɛs, ˈmowǝs woman, wife View 1
203 woods koad ˈkwaːt forest, woods, piece of wood, beam View 1
204 worm preñv prɛ̃v, prẽw worm, larva View 1
206 year bloaz blwaːs, ˈbloas year View 1
207 yellow melen ˈmeːlǝn yellow, blond View 1
205 you c'hwi ˈxwi, ˈhwi you (2 pl.) View 1

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