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Standard Albanian (all)

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Standard Albanian:
Description Adjectives are cited with the accompanying (sort of) article: i for masculine and e for feminine. Nouns are cited in their indefinite forms. Due to a lack of infinitive, verbs are cited in the 1st person singular active indicative.

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ID Meaning Source Form Phonological Form Gloss Notes nCog
82 I unë Composite form of personal pronoun ... View 1
1 all të gjithë Orel gives only gjithë. View 1
2 and dhe Orel gives edhe (1998: 85). ... View 1
3 animal kafshë Also 'thing'. Relatively late loanword ... View 1
4 ashes hiri Orel gives hi ~ hî. View 1
5 at tek Orel gives te, stating tek ... View 0
6 back shpinë Also 'spine'. Borrowed < Lat ... View 1
7 bad i, e keq Also 'evil'. From PAlb *kakja, ... View 1
8 bark lëvore peel, skin; rag Poss. < Lat velarium 'covering, ... View 0
9 because sepse View 1
10 belly bark Also 'womb, abdomen'. < PAlb ... View 1
11 big i madh, e madhe View 1
12 bird zog "An Oriental Wanderwort, presumably of ... View 1
13 bite kafshoj Borrowed < Lat capessere ~ ... View 1
14 black i zi, e zezë < Pr. Alb. *džedi, connected ... View 1
15 blood gjak < Pr. Alb *saka, related ... View 1
16 blow fryj Connected to Lith sprūgstu, sprūgti ... View 1
17 bone kockë Borrowed < Slav diminutive *kostъka ... View 1
18 breast gjoks View 0
19 breathe marr frymë Second element probably the same ... View 1
20 burn djeg < Pr. Alb. *dega, etymologically ... View 1
21 child fëmijë Also 'family, spouse'. Borrowed < ... View 1
22 cloud re Goes back to Pr. Alb. ... View 1
23 cold i ftohtë Late derivative of ftoh ~ ... View 1
24 come vij Borrowed < Lat venīre 'id'. View 1
25 count numëroj Orel gives nëmëroj 'to number, ... View 1
26 cut pres < Pr. Alb. *p(e)retja, related ... View 1
27 day ditë < Pr. Alb. *dītā, connected ... View 1
28 die vdes < *awa-takja, derivative of *teka ... View 1
29 dig gërmoj Derived < gërmë 'letter', a ... View 1
30 dirty i, e pisët Derived < Mod Gk loanword ... View 0
32 drink pi Also 'to suck'. View 1
33 dry i, e thatë Deverbative derived from an unattested ... View 1
34 dull i, e pamprehur View 2
35 dust pluhur Also 'powder'. View 1
36 ear vesh < Pr. Alb. *wausi- further ... View 1
37 earth toka Orel gives tokë. Also 'land, ... View 0
38 eat ha View 1
39 egg vezë Orel gives ve ~ vo, ... View 1
40 eye sy View 1
41 fall bie Also 'to hit, strike, beat'. ... View 1
42 far larg Borrowed < Lat largus 'big. ... View 1
43 fat dhjamë Also 'lard, suet, tallow'. Either ... View 1
44 father baba View 1
45 fear kam frikë View 0
46 feather pendë Also 'pair (of oxen)'. Borrowed ... View 1
47 few disa View 0
48 fight luftoj < Lat luctari 'id.'. View 1
49 fingernail thua < IE *ak- 'sharp'. View 1
50 fire zjarr < IE *guheres-, cf Skt ... View 1
51 fish peshk Borrowed < Lat piscem 'id'. View 1
52 five pesë View 1
53 float pluskoj View 0
54 flow rrjedh < PrAlb *redza, etymologically related ... View 1
55 flower lule View 1
56 fly fluturoj Borrowed from Rom *fluctulare, a ... View 1
57 fog mjegull Also 'cloud'. Either cognate with ... View 1
58 foot këmbë Also 'leg'. Borrowed < Rom ... View 1
59 four katër View 1
60 freeze ngrij < Pr. ALb. *en-kreinja, related ... View 1
61 fruit frut Orel gives fryt. Borrowed < ... View 1
62 full plot Orel gives plotë. < IE ... View 1
63 give jap < Pr. Alb. *apa, parallel ... View 1
64 good i, e mirë < PAlb *mira forming a ... View 1
65 grass bar < Pr. Alb. *bara, related ... View 1
66 green jeshil, jeshile Borrowed < Turkish yeşil (same ... View 1
67 guts zorrë < Pr. Alb. *džārnā, identical ... View 1
68 hair flokë Borrowed < Lat floccus 'lock, ... View 1
69 hand dorë View 1
70 he ai < Pr. Alb. *a-ei = ... View 1
71 head kokë Also 'bulb, berry, grain'. Borrowed ... View 1
72 hear dëgjoj Latin source: intelligere 'to perceive'. View 1
73 heart zemër Also 'middle'. No reliable explanation ... View 1
74 heavy i, e rëndë Orel also gives randë. View 1
75 here këtu < Pr. Alb. * ka ... View 2
76 hit godas Also 'to strike'. View 1
77 hold mbaj Also 'to carry'. View 1
78 horn bri Related to Swed brind 'deer', ... View 1
79 how si Also 'as'. Several possible etymologies: ... View 1
80 hunt gjuaj Orel also gives gjuej. View 1
81 husband burrë man See /lexeme/30782/ - identical. Borrowed ... View 1
83 ice akull Loanword < Gmc (E. Gmc, ... View 1
84 if nëse Lexicalised sequence of në (meaning ... View 1
85 in Orel gives the parallel form ... View 1
86 kill vras < IE *reu- 'to tear, ... View 1
87 knee gju View 1
88 know di Connected with IE *dhei(ə)- 'to ... View 1
89 lake liqen View 1
90 laugh qesh < Pr. Alb. *kaksja, related ... View 1
91 leaf gjethe Rather 'foliage, green leaves'. Connected ... View 1
92 left i, e majtë Borrowed < Rom *manctus, based ... View 1
93 leg këmbë Also 'foot'. Borrowed < Rom ... View 1
94 lie rri shtrirë rri = 'to sit, stand, ... View 1
95 live jetoj View 1
96 liver mëlçi Also 'lung'. Originally 'spleen', borrowed ... View 1
97 long i, e gjatë View 1
98 louse morr < Pr. Alb. *mērwa. Several ... View 1
99 man mashkull Borrowed < Lat masculus 'male, ... View 1
99 man burrë Primary meaning. Also 'husband' /lexeme/30778/. ... View 1
100 many shumë Borrowed < Lat summus 'uppermost, ... View 1
101 meat mish Also 'flesh'. View 1
102 moon hëna Also hanë. < Pr. Alb. ... View 1
103 mother nënë Also nanë. Onomatopoeia, comparable with ... View 1
104 mountain mal < PAlb *mala identical with ... View 1
105 mouth gojë Loanword < Italian gola 'id' ... View 1
106 name emër Also emën. View 1
107 narrow i, e ngushtë Borrowed < Lat angustus 'id'. View 1
108 near afër < Pr. Alb. *apsera, variant ... View 1
109 neck qafë Borrowed < Turk. kafa 'occupit, ... View 1
110 new i ri, e re Also 'young, recent'. < PAlb ... View 1
111 night natë View 1
112 nose hundë View 1
113 not nuk < Pr. Alb. *nuka, composed ... View 1
114 old i, e vjetër Borrowed < Lat veterem 'id'. View 1
115 one një < Pr. Alb. *ainja, derivative ... View 1
116 other tjetër Goes back to PAlb *etera, ... View 1
117 person njeri Also 'man, human being'. Goes ... View 1
118 play luaj Variant = luej. Also 'to ... View 1
119 pull tërheq View 1
120 push shtyj < Pr. Alb. *stūdnja, etymologically ... View 1
121 rain shi View 1
122 red e kuqe Orel gives kuq. Borrowed < ... View 1
123 right i, e drejtë Identical to /lexeme/30802/ straight'. < ... View 1
124 rightside i, e djathtë Based on PAlb *detsa, etymologically ... View 1
125 river lumë < PAlb *luma, identical with ... View 1
126 road rrugë Borrowed < Rom *rūga 'id', ... View 1
127 root rrënjë Orel gives also rranjë. Also ... View 1
128 rope litar View 1
129 rotten i, e kalbur View 1
130 round i rrumbullak, e rrumbulake Borrowed < Rom *rombulus based ... View 1
131 rub fërkoj Borrowed Lat fricāre 'id'. View 1
132 salt kripë < Pr. Alb. *krūpā, connected ... View 1
133 sand rërë Orel also gives ranë. Borrowed ... View 1
134 say them Orel gives thom. Connected to ... View 1
135 scratch kruaj < PAlb *krābnja. View 1
135 scratch gërvisht Orel claims source is unclear, ... View 0
136 sea det < Pr. Alb. *deubeta, particularly ... View 1
137 see shoh From PAlb *sāksa, further connected ... View 1
138 seed farë Also 'semen, kin'. From PAlb ... View 1
139 sew qep Also 'to seize'. View 1
140 sharp i, e mprehtë View 1
141 short i, e shkurtër Borrowed < Gmc *skurtaz 'short': ... View 1
142 sing këndoj Borrowed < Lat cantāre 'id'. View 1
143 sit ulem View 1
144 skin lëkurë Also 'hide'. Derived < lakur ... View 1
145 sky qiell Also 'heaven'. Borrowed < Lat ... View 1
146 sleep fle From PAlb *awa-leja, etymologically connected ... View 1
147 small i, e vogël From PAlb *wāgla, *wāgra related ... View 1
148 smell nuhas Also 'to sniff'. Borrowed < ... View 0
149 smoke tym Continues PAlb *ātuma connected with ... View 1
150 smooth i, e lëmuar View 0
151 snake gjarpër Orel also gives gjarpën. View 1
152 snow borë Semantic structure of the word ... View 1
153 some disa View 1
154 spit pështyj View 1
155 split ndaj to divide, to separate < Pr. Alb. *danja, related ... View 0
156 squeeze shtrydh to squeeze out Related to ndrydh 'to press, ... View 1
157 stab shpoj Orel claims the meaning is ... View 0
158 stand rri në këmbë View 1
159 star yll Parallel form: hyll. Goesback to ... View 1
160 stick shkop Also 'cane'. Related to Gk ... View 1
161 stone gur < Pr. Alb. *gura, continuing ... View 1
162 straight i, e drejtë Identical to /lexeme/30790/ 'right'. View 1
163 suck thith Another form is thëthij. View 1
164 sun diell From PAlb *delwa a tabooistic ... View 1
165 swell fryhem View 1
166 swim notoj Borrowed < Rom *notāre replacing ... View 1
167 tail bisht < IE *bhū- 'to grow'. View 1
168 that atë View 1
169 there atje Compound of a- (as in ... View 1
170 they ata (m), ato (f) View 1
171 thick i, e trashë Also 'fat'. From PAlb *trauša. ... View 1
172 thin i,e hollë View 1
173 think mendoj Denominative verb, from mend 'mind', ... View 1
174 this këtë View 0
175 thou ti Basic, informal form. View 1
175 thou ju Polite, also 2pl. View 0
176 three tre View 1
177 throw hedh Also 'to shoot'. Variant is ... View 1
178 tie lidh Also 'to bind'. View 1
179 tongue gjuhë Also 'language'. Connected to IE ... View 1
180 tooth dhëmb Variant = dhamb. View 1
181 tree pemë Orel glosses this lexeme as ... View 1
182 turn kthej Prefixal derivative of thyej 'to ... View 1
183 two dy View 1
184 vomit vjell < Pr. Alb. *welwa related ... View 1
185 walk ec Orel gives 'to go, to ... View 1
185 walk shkoj to go View 1
186 warm i,e ngrohtë From IE *guher- 'hot, warm' ... View 1
187 wash laj View 1
188 water ujë View 1
189 we ne View 1
190 wet i, e lagur View 1
191 what çfarë View 1
192 when kur View 1
193 where ku View 1
194 white i, e bardhë From PAlb *bardza continuing *bhorəgo-, ... View 1
195 who kush View 1
196 wide i, e gjerë Also 'broad'. From PAlb *saina, ... View 1
197 wife grua Also 'woman'. Related to Gk ... View 1
198 wind erë < Rom *er(a) based on ... View 1
199 wing krah Orel gives meaning as 'arm, ... View 1
200 wipe fshij to brush, to sweep Variant: mëshîj. View 1
201 with me View 1
202 woman grua Variant = grue. Also 'wife'. ... View 1
203 woods pyll Orel gives 'forest'. Borrowed < ... View 1
204 worm krimb Also krym. View 1
206 year vit View 1
207 yellow i, e verdhë Borrowed < Lat viridis 'green'. View 1
205 you ju Polite form (also 2pl). View 1

Count: 210