IELex

Cognate class 983

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Notes
Citation: Irslinger, Britta (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for the Science ... Pages: View In Brittonic, the paradigms of the the verbs 'to go' and 'to come' are highly suppletive. The finite forms are based on the stems a- < *ag- < *h₂eg̑- 'to drive' (LIV 255) and el- < *pelh₂- 'to approach' (LIV 470). In the paradigm of 'to go', these forms are used uncompounded, while in the paradigm of 'to come', they contain the preverb *tu-. In Middle Welsh, some imperative forms are based on *ret-e/o- < *ret- 'to run' (LIV 507). The verbal nouns of 'to come' Welsh mynet, Breton monet originate from PIE *menH- 'to step, to stamp'? (LIV 438). The verbal noun of 'to go', Breton donet contains the same root prefixed with *tu-, i.e. *de-vonet, cf. also Old Breton diminet. The Welsh verbal noun dyfod 'to come' contains *tu- + bod 'to be' based on PIE *bʰweh₂- 'to become, to grow' (LIV 98). See Schumacher (2004, 189-193), Hemon (1975, 236).
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Middle Cornish dos, dones dɔ:z, ˈdɔnɛs come ★★★ View
2 Old Breton deuaf come Middle Breton. ★★★ View
3 Middle Breton donet, donnet, dont ˈdoːnǝt, ˈdont come ★★★ View
4 Breton dont ˈdɔ̃nt come ★★ View
5 Old Welsh deuaff come ★★★ View
6 Welsh dyfod, dod come ★★★ View
7 [Legacy] Breton St dont dɔ̃nt come ★★ View
8 [Legacy] Breton St deuaf come ★★★ View
9 [Legacy] Breton Se DONET come ★★ View
10 [Legacy] Welsh C DYFOD come ★★ View