IELex

Cognate class 89

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes
Citation: LIPP (Vol. 2) = Dunkel, George E. (2014). Lexikon der ... Pages: 530-549 View
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *ne, *ney not ★★★ View
2 Hittite natta not ★★★ View
3 Luvian nāwa not ★★★ View
4 Lycian ne not ★★★ View
5 Palaic ni not ★★★ View
6 Albanian nuk not From PAlb *nuka, cf such negatives in Skt naca, Lat nique, Goth nih, OIr na-ch, MW na-c, OBret na-c 'and not'. ★★ View
7 Standard Albanian nuk not < Pr. Alb. *nuka, composed of *nu < IE *ne and *ka < Kuo-, a pronominal stem. ★★★ View
8 Albanian Sicily nuk not From PAlb *nuka, cf such negatives in Skt naca, Lat nique, Goth nih, OIr na-ch, MW na-c, OBret na-c 'and not'. ★★ View
9 Albanian Corinth jo not Borrowed from Germ ja via Slavic languages of Austro-Hungary. ★★ View
10 Albanian Corinth nuk not From PAlb *nuka, cf such negatives in Skt naca, Lat nique, Goth nih, OIr na-ch, MW na-c, OBret na-c 'and not'. ★★★ View
11 Albanian Gheg nuk not From PAlb *nuka, cf such negatives in Skt naca, Lat nique, Goth nih, OIr na-ch, MW na-c, OBret na-c 'and not'. ★★ View
12 Albanian Tosk nuk not From PAlb *nuka, cf such negatives in Skt naca, Lat nique, Goth nih, OIr na-ch, MW na-c, OBret na-c 'and not'. ★★ View
13 Avestan nōiṯ not ★★ View
14 Old Persian naiy not ★★★ View
15 Sogdian L’ /nē, nā/ not Sogdian; Arameogram with alternate pronunciations ★★★ View
16 Wakhi NE not ★★ View
17 Baluchi NA, N not ★★ View
18 Kurdish na not ★★ View
19 Kurdish ne not ★★ View
20 Tajik NA, NE not ★★ View
21 Persian NA not ★★ View
22 Waziri NA not ★★ View
23 Pashto NA not ★★ View
24 Shughni na not ★★★ View
25 Sarikoli nay not ★★★ View
26 Ossetic nae, naetae næ, nætæ not ★★ View
27 Ossetic Iron nɐ/ma nɐ/ma not ★★ View
28 Ossetic Digor nɐ/ma nɐ/ma not ★★ View
29 Vasi-vari nă, nä not ★★★ View
30 Askunu ne, nă not ★★★ View
31 Vedic Sanskrit not ★★★ View
32 Pāḷī na not ★★★ View
33 Nepali NA not ★★ View
34 Assamese no- not besides na-, nā, ni-, nu-, ne- ★★★ View
35 Assamese nai, nɛ nai, nɛ not ★★★ View
36 Oriya nahĩ nahĩ not AF nɔ- (before verbs) ★★★ View
37 Bengali NA not ★★ View
38 Bihari nəi nəi not ★★★ View
39 Marwari nĩ nĩ not subjunct., imp., cond., neither…nor constructions + inf. Phrase, AF nã ★★★ View
40 Hindi nehi nəɦĩː not Removed NA. ★★ View
41 Urdu نہیں nəhĩ not ★★★ View
42 Sindhi not ★★★ View
43 Lahnda NE, NI not ★★ View
44 Punjabi NEI, NA not ★★ View
45 Gujarati NEHI not ★★ View
46 Marathi nāhī, na 'naɦi:, nə not ★★ View
47 Kashmiri NA not ★★ View
48 Sinhalese NAHA not ★★ View
49 Romani Greece IN, NI not ★★ View
50 Old Church Slavonic нє not ★★★ View
51 Serbo-Croatian ne not ★★ View
52 Bulgarian не not ★★ View
53 Macedonian не ne not ★★ View
54 Russian не nʲɛ not ★★ View
55 Polish nie ɲɛ not ★★ View
56 Belarusian не nʲɛ not ★★ View
57 Ukrainian не not ★★ View
58 Slovak nie ɲiɛ not ★★ View
59 Czech ne not ★★ View
60 Sorbian Upper nje- nĕɛ not ★★ View
61 Sorbian Lower nje- ɲɛ- not ★★ View
62 Slovenian ne not ★★ View
63 Old Prussian ni not ★★★ View
64 Latvian ne not ★★ View
65 Lithuanian NE- (PREFIX) not ★★ View
66 Old Norse -a, -at, -t a not AF at, enclitic View
67 Old Norse né neː not AF ne, proclitic ★★ View
68 Old English ne not ★★★ View
69 English not nɒt not ★★ View
70 Frisian nee ne: not Added second -e. ★★ View
71 Dutch niet nit not ★★ View
72 Flemish NIET not ★★ View
73 Afrikaans NIE not ★★ View
74 Sranan NO not ★★ View
75 Old High German ni not ★★★ View
76 German nicht nɪçt not ★★ View
77 Pennsylvania Dutch NET not ★★ View
78 Luxembourgish net not ★★ View
79 German Switzerland nid not ★★★ View
80 Gothic ni not ★★ View
81 Gothic ain not AF ainata ★★ View
82 Oscan nei not ★★★ View
83 Umbrian neip not ★★★ View
84 Latin nōn noːn not Adv. Regular negative of a sentence or clause ★★ View
85 Catalan no no not ★★ View
86 Portuguese não nɐ̃ũ not Removed NEM. ★★ View
87 Spanish no no not ★★ View
88 Sardinian Cagliari NO not ★★ View
89 Sardinian Logudoro NON not ★★ View
90 Sardinian Nuoro NO not ★★ View
91 Walloon NENI not ★★ View
92 French non nɔ̃ not ★★ View
93 Provencal NOUN, NANI not ★★ View
94 Ladin NA, NOAT, NUN not ★★ View
95 Dolomite Ladino not ★★★ View
96 Romansh na ... betg not ★★★ View
97 Romansh nun not ★★★ View
98 Friulian no not ★★★ View
99 Italian no, non nɔ, non not ★★ View
100 Romanian nu nu not ★★ View
101 Vlach NU not ★★ View
102 Gaulish ne not ★★★ View
103 Old Irish nʹi: not ★★★ View
104 Middle Cornish ny not AF nag (before vowel) ★★ View
105 Middle Cornish ni(ns) not ★★★ View
106 Old Breton ni / ne not ★★★ View
107 Middle Breton ne (... quet) ne ... ket not Verbal negator used in main clauses, preceding the finite verb. Quet 'at all' strengthens the negation and follows the finite verb or the finite verb + pronoun. It is not used where another strengthening word is present, such as ken, netra. In Middle Breton, quet is frequent, but not obligatory. ★★★ View
108 Middle Breton na, nac na, nac not EXCLUDED. Verbal negator used in subordinate and interrogative clauses and before the imperative. Nac is sometimes found before verbs beginning in vowel. ★★★ View
109 Breton ne ... ket ne ... ket not Ne is the negator used indicative clauses, while na is used with the imperative. These particles are the first elements of a discontinuous negation: ne + finite verb + ket. Ket can be replaced by another element such as netra 'nothing', mann, tra 'thing', gour 'man', biken 'never', etc. In spoken language, ne can be dropped, so that ket (or the other element) becomes the sole negator. ★★★ View
110 Breton na, nag ... ket na, nac ... ket not EXCLUDED. Verbal negator in subordinate and imperative clauses as well as in cases of insisting. Discontinuous negation:na + finite verb + ket (or another element). ★★★ View
111 Old Welsh ni not ★★★ View
112 Welsh ni not ★★★ View
113 Irish nʲiː not ★★ View
114 Scottish Gaelic cha ni not ★★★ View
115 Manx ny not ★★★ View
116 [Legacy] Albanian T nuk not From PAlb *nuka, cf such negatives in Skt naca, Lat nique, Goth nih, OIr na-ch, MW na-c, OBret na-c 'and not'. ★★ View
117 [Legacy] Serbocroatian NE not ★★ View
118 [Legacy] Serbian ne ne not ★★★ View
119 [Legacy] Bulgarian P NE not ★★ View
120 [Legacy] Macedonian NE not ★★ View
121 [Legacy] Russian P NE not ★★ View
122 [Legacy] Polish P NIE not ★★ View
123 [Legacy] Byelorussian P NE not ★★ View
124 [Legacy] Ukrainian P NE not ★★ View
125 [Legacy] Czech E NE not ★★ View
126 [Legacy] Slovak P NIE not ★★ View
127 [Legacy] Czech P NE not ★★ View
128 [Legacy] Slovenian NJE not ★★ View
129 [Legacy] Lithuanian O NE not ★★ View
130 [Legacy] Brazilian NAO not ★★ View
131 [Legacy] German Munich nicht not ★★★ View
132 [Legacy] Breton St ne ne not ★★★ View
133 [Legacy] Breton Se NE...KET not ★★ View
134 [Legacy] Welsh C NID not ★★ View
135 [Legacy] Irish A NI not ★★ View