IELex

Cognate class 79

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Wordlist: all

Notes IE *máter, prob. fr. nursury word like "ma"; if a redublicated syllable "ma" is indeed the source, then ultimately related to /cognate/1421/, cf. also /lexeme/10415/ and /cognate/1156/, for Indian words, see Turner 1931: 499; see also comment on 'woods' in /lexeme/26112/
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *máh₂ter- mother Occasionally also reconstructed as *meh₂ter-. ★★★ View
2 Tocharian A mācar mother ★★★ View
3 Tocharian B mācer mother ★★★ View
4 Albanian motër mother ★★ View
5 Mycenaean Greek ma-te maːté̞r mother Appellative of persons used several times in a formula in PY An 607 (do-qe-ja , do-e-ro , pa-te , ma-te-de), without doubt to be interpreted as μᾱ́τηρ 'mother' (cf. Att. μήτηρ /lexeme/18822/). Found in the same tablet without attached conjunction -de in lines 6 and 7 (do-qe-ja , do-e-ra , ma-te , pa-te-de) Cf. https://www2.hf.uio.no/damos/Index/item/chosen_item_id/4349 ★★★ View
6 Ancient Greek μήτηρ mɛ́ːtɛːr mother G.sg. μητρός ★★★ View
7 Greek μητέρα miˈte̞ra mother New nominative form created from old accusative stem μητέρα + N.sg. ending -ς. ★★★ View
8 Greek Lesbos METERA mother ★★ View
9 Classical Armenian մայր mayr mother ★★★ View
10 Armenian Eastern mayr maɪ̯ɾ mother ★★★ View
11 Armenian Western MIRE mother ★★ View
12 Avestan māta mother ★★★ View
13 Old Persian *mātā mother ★★★ View
14 Sogdian m’t mother Sogdian ★★ View
15 Baluchi MATH mother ★★ View
16 Zazaki mā(y) mother ★★★ View
17 Tajik modar mɔːdær mother ★★ View
18 Persian madar mɒːdær mother ★★ View
19 Waziri MOR, MER mother ★★ View
20 Pashto MOR mother ★★ View
21 Sarikoli most mother ★★★ View
22 Ossetic mad mad mother ★★ View
23 Ossetic Iron mad mad mother ★★ View
24 Ossetic Digor madɐ madɐ mother ★★ View
25 Vedic Sanskrit mā́tā mother ★★★ View
26 Pāḷī mātar mother ★★★ View
27 Assamese mālōk mother add. Term in Mayang ★★ View
28 Oriya maa maa mother ★★★ View
29 Bengali MA mother ★★ View
30 Bihari māe mother AF māy ★★★ View
31 Bihari mātā mother ★★★ View
32 Magahi माय mɑj mother ★★ View
33 Marwari mā mother ★★★ View
34 Hindi MA mother ★★ View
35 Urdu ماں mɑ̃ mother ★★★ View
36 Sindhi māv mother AF māu ★★★ View
37 Lahnda MA mother ★★ View
38 Punjabi MA mother ★★ View
39 Gujarati MA mother split from DKB ★★ View
40 Gujarati MATA mother split from DKB ★★ View
41 Kashmiri MOJU mother ★★ View
42 Sinhalese MAVA mother split from DKB ★★★ View
43 Old Church Slavonic мати mɑti mother ★★★ View
44 Serbo-Croatian majka ˈmâːjka mother ★★★ View
45 Bulgarian майка ˈmajkə mother ★★★ View
46 Macedonian мајка ˈmajka mother ★★★ View
47 Russian мать matʲ mother ★★ View
48 Polish matka ˈmatka mother ★★ View
49 Belarusian маці ˈmatsʲi mother ★★ View
50 Ukrainian maty ˈmatɪ mother ★★ View
51 Slovak matka ˈmatka mother ★★ View
52 Czech matka ˈmatka mother ★★ View
53 Sorbian Upper mać matʃ mother ★★ View
54 Sorbian Lower maś maɕ mother ★★ View
55 Slovenian mati ˈmǎːti mother ★★ View
56 Old Prussian mūti mother ★★★ View
57 Latvian mãte mother ★★ View
58 Lithuanian MOTINA mother ★★ View
59 Old Norse móðir ˈmoːðir mother ★★★ View
60 Icelandic móðir ˈmouːðɪr mother Replaced MOOIR. ★★ View
61 Faroese móðir ˈmɔuːwɪɹ mother ★★ View
62 Norwegian Riksmal mor muːɾ mother ★★ View
63 Stavangersk mor muːʁ mother ★★★ View
64 Old Swedish modhir ˈmoːðir mother ★★ View
65 Swedish moder ˈmù:dər, muːr mother ★★ View
66 Swedish mor muːr mother Short form of 'moder'. ★★ View
67 Swedish Vilhelmina mor muːr mother ★★ View
68 Swedish Uppland mor, moder mother Mor is short form of moder. ★★ View
69 Elfdalian muna; mųor ˈmʉ̀ːnɑ; mʉ̃ə̃r mother ★★ View
70 Danish moder moɐ̯ mother ★★ View
71 Danish Fjolde muor muoɹ mother ★★ View
72 Old Gutnish moþir mother ★★ View
73 Gutnish Lau måur mour mother ★★ View
74 Old English mōdor mother ★★★ View
75 English mother 'mʌðə mother ★★ View
76 Dutch moeder 'mudər mother ★★ View
77 Flemish MOEDER mother split from DKB ★★ View
78 Afrikaans MOEDER, MA mother ★★ View
79 Old High German muoter mother ★★★ View
80 German Mutter 'mʊtɐ mother ★★ View
81 Pennsylvania Dutch MUUTER mother split from DKB ★★★ View
82 German Switzerland mueter mother ★★★ View
83 Oscan maatreís mother gen. ★★★ View
84 Umbrian matrer mother gen. ★★★ View
85 Latin māter ˈmaːter mother gen. mātris ★★★ View
86 Catalan mare 'maɾə mother ★★ View
87 Portuguese mãe mɐ̃i mother Replaced final -I with -e. ★★ View
88 Spanish madre 'maðɾe mother ★★ View
89 Walloon MERE mother ★★ View
90 French mère mɛʀ mother ★★ View
91 Provencal maire ˈmajɾe mother ★★ View
92 Dolomite Ladino mare mother ★★ View
93 Friulian mari mother ★★★ View
94 Italian madre 'madre mother ★★ View
95 Vlach MAIKA mother L View
96 Gaulish matir mother ★★★ View
97 Old Irish máthair ma:θərʹ mother ★★★ View
98 Irish máthair mother ★★ View
99 Scottish Gaelic màthair mãːhɪɾʲ mother ★★★ View
100 [Legacy] Greek K METER mother ★★ View
101 [Legacy] Greek D METERA mother split from DKB ★★ View
102 [Legacy] Greek Md METERA mother ★★ View
103 [Legacy] Russian P MAT mother ★★ View
104 [Legacy] Polish P MATKA mother ★★ View
105 [Legacy] Byelorussian P MACI mother ★★ View
106 [Legacy] Ukrainian P MATY mother ★★ View
107 [Legacy] Czech E MAMA mother split from DKB ★★ View
108 [Legacy] Czech E MATKA mother split from DKB ★★ View
109 [Legacy] Slovak P MAT mother ★★ View
110 [Legacy] Czech P MATI mother ★★ View
111 [Legacy] Slovenian MATI mother ★★ View
112 [Legacy] Lithuanian O MOTINA mother ★★ View
113 [Legacy] Brazilian MAE mother ★★ View
114 [Legacy] German Munich Mutter mother < Pr. Germ. *mōder- ‘mother’. ★★★ View
115 [Legacy] Irish A MATHAIR mother ★★ View