IELex

Cognate class 671

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes cogn. with 'sew' in /cognate/1054/, 'wife' in /cognate/668/
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *gʷḗn woman ★★ View
2 Hittite *kuwanz woman the same as 'wife' /lexeme/20323/, Weeks gives SAL-ZA, comp. /lexeme/23253/ ★★★ View
3 Luvian wanattis woman ★★★ View
4 Luvian wānas woman ★★★ View
5 Mycenaean Greek *ku-ne *gune̞ː woman Attested as derivational base in adjective ku-na-ja (PY Ta 711.3) [gunai̯a] 'female, feminine' ★★★ View
6 Ancient Greek γυνή ɡynɛ́ː woman G.sg. γυναικός; cf. /lexeme/19000/ ★★★ View
7 Tsakonian γουναικα woman ★★★ View
8 Greek γυναίκα ʝiˈne̞ka woman a-stem noun adapted from accusative case form of Ancient Greek γυνή ★★★ View
9 Greek Lesbos GUNAIKA woman ★★ View
10 Classical Armenian կին kin woman Identical to /lexeme/28662/ 'wife'. ★★★ View
11 Armenian Eastern կին kin woman Identical to /lexeme/1951/ 'wife'. ★★★ View
12 Armenian Western կին gin woman ★★ View
13 Avestan ǰainiš woman ★★★ View
14 Baluchi ZAL woman ★★ View
15 Kurdish jin woman View
16 Zazaki ǰinēk woman ★★★ View
17 Tajik ZAN woman ★★ View
18 Persian ZAN woman ★★ View
19 Shughni γ̆inik woman ★★★ View
20 Vedic Sanskrit jánī woman also 'wife' ★★★ View
21 Sindhi zālũ woman comp. /lexeme/2151/ View
22 Kashmiri ZANANA woman split from DKB, AF: JANANA, judged loanword from Persian (Turner 1931: 207) L View
23 Sinhalese GANI woman split from DKB ★★ View
24 Old Church Slavonic жєна ʒɛnɑ woman ★★ View
25 Serbo-Croatian žena ˈʒɛ̌na woman ★★ View
26 Bulgarian жена ʒɘˈna woman ★★ View
27 Macedonian жена ˈʒena woman ★★ View
28 Russian женщина 'ʐɛnʃina woman ★★ View
29 Belarusian жанчына ʐanˈtʂɨna woman ★★ View
30 Ukrainian жінка ˈʐinka woman ★★ View
31 Slovak žena ˈʒɛna woman ★★ View
32 Czech žena ˈʒɛna woman ★★ View
33 Sorbian Upper žona ˈʒɔna woman ★★ View
34 Sorbian Lower žeńska ˈʐeɲska woman An alternative lexeme is 'žona' with the same root. ★★ View
35 Slovenian žena ˈʒɛ̌ːna woman ★★ View
36 Old Prussian gennan woman acc., AF genno, cf. WIFE 197 ★★ View
37 Old Norse kona ˈkona woman ★★★ View
38 Old Norse kvennmaðr ˈkvenːˌmaðr woman ★★★ View
39 Icelandic kona ˈkʰɔːna woman AF: KVENNMAOR ★★ View
40 Icelandic kvenmaður ˈkʰvɛnmaːðʏr woman ★★★ View
41 Faroese kona, kvinna kʰoːna, kʰvɪnːa woman ★★★ ★★ View
42 Norwegian Riksmal kvinne ˈkʋɪ̀nːə woman ★★ View
43 Stavangersk kvinne ˈkʋɪ̀nːə woman ★★★ View
44 Old Swedish qvinna ˈkvinːa woman ★★ View
45 Old Swedish kona ˈkoːna woman ★★ View
46 Swedish kvinna ˈkvɪ̀nːa woman split from DKB ★★ View
47 Swedish Vilhelmina KVINA woman AF: KVINFOLK KVINFALK ★★ View
48 Swedish Uppland KVINNA woman ★★ View
49 Elfdalian kwinnfuok woman ★★ View
50 Danish kvinde ˈg̥ʰvenə woman ★★ View
51 Danish Fjolde kvind kvinʲ woman ★★ View
52 Old Gutnish quinna woman ★★ View
53 Gutnish Lau kvinnfolk ˈkvɪnːˌfolk woman ★★ View
54 Old English cwene woman ★★★ View
55 Old High German quena woman ★★★ View
56 Gothic qinō woman ★★★ View
57 Gaulish bnanom woman The cited form is genitive plural (the nominative singular would be bena). ★★★ View
58 Old Irish ben bʹen woman ★★★ View
59 Old Cornish benen woman ★★★ View
60 Middle Cornish ben bɛ:n woman ★★★ View
61 Old Breton ban- woman ★★★ View
62 Old Welsh ben woman ★★★ View
63 Welsh benyw woman ★★★ View
64 Irish bean bʲan̪ˠ woman ★★ View
65 Irish baineann woman ★★★ View
66 Scottish Gaelic bean b̊ɛn woman ★★★ View
67 Scottish Gaelic boireannach woman ★★★ View
68 Manx ben woman ★★★ View
69 [Legacy] Greek K GUNE woman ★★ View
70 [Legacy] Greek D GUNAIKA woman ★★ View
71 [Legacy] Greek Md GUNAIKA woman ★★ View
72 [Legacy] Serbocroatian ZENA woman ★★ View
73 [Legacy] Serbian žena woman also 'wife', cf. 197 ★★★ View
74 [Legacy] Bulgarian P ZENA woman ★★ View
75 [Legacy] Macedonian ZENA woman ★★ View
76 [Legacy] Russian P ZENSCINA woman ★★ View
77 [Legacy] Byelorussian P ZANCYNA woman ★★ View
78 [Legacy] Ukrainian P ZINKA woman ★★ View
79 [Legacy] Czech E ZENA woman ★★ View
80 [Legacy] Slovak P ZENA woman ★★ View
81 [Legacy] Czech P ZENA woman ★★ View
82 [Legacy] Slovenian ZENSKA woman ★★ View
83 [Legacy] Welsh C BENYW woman ★★ View
84 [Legacy] Irish A BEAN woman ★★ View