IELex

Cognate class 645

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes ultimate root IE *suep-, sup- (Walde 1930:523, Cheung 2007: 147); Turner related to Skt. SUPTÁḤ 'asleep' (1931: 613)
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *swep- sleep ★★★ View
2 Hittite sup-, supparija- sleep ★★★ X View
3 Armenian Eastern k'nel kʰəˈnɛl sleep ★★★ View
4 Armenian Western KUNANAL sleep 'sleep' (n.) ★★ View
5 Avestan xvafsaiti sleep ★★★ View
6 Sogdian γwβn- sleep Sogdian ★★★ View
7 Kurdish xewtin sleep ★★ View
8 Tajik xobidan xɔːbi’dæn sleep Same as 'lie'. ★★ View
9 Persian KHABIDAN sleep ★★★ View
10 Waziri KHEB sleep 'sleep' (n.) ★★ View
11 Shughni x̆ōfc sleep ★★ View
12 Sarikoli x̆ufs : x̆uvd sleep ★★ View
13 Vasi-vari süu sleep Related to /lexeme/27812/? < svapati, and thus related to Old Indic svap-. ★★ View
14 Pāḷī supati sleep ★★★ View
15 Khaskura SUTNU sleep ★★ View
16 Nepali SUTNU sleep ★★ View
17 Assamese xo xo sleep ‘lie down, sleep’ ★★ View
18 Oriya so- so- sleep ★★ View
19 Bihari nind pərəb nind pərəb sleep probably < Old Indian: ni-dra ★★ View
20 Bihari suʈəb suʈəb sleep ★★ View
21 Bhojpuri sút sleep ★★ View
22 Marwari nind nind sleep ‘sleeping’, probably < Old Indian: ni-dra ★★ View
23 Marwari so sleep ‘sleep’ (probably noun), AF sūwaṇo ★★ View
24 Hindi SONA sleep ★★ View
25 Urdu سونا sonə sleep ★★ View
26 Sindhi ninḍra sleep ‘sleep’; probably < Old Indian: ni-dra ★★ View
27 Sindhi sumh- sumh- sleep ★★ View
28 Lahnda SEMMEN sleep ★★ View
29 Punjabi SONA sleep ★★ View
30 Gujarati SUWU sleep ★★ View
31 Kashmiri SHONGUN sleep ★★ View
32 Old Church Slavonic съпати sʊ̆pɑti sleep ★★ View
33 Serbo-Croatian spavati ˈspǎːvati sleep ★★ View
34 Bulgarian спя spʲɤ sleep ★★ View
35 Macedonian спие ˈspi.ɛ sleep ★★ View
36 Russian спать spatʲ sleep ★★ View
37 Polish spać spatɕ sleep ★★ View
38 Belarusian спаць spatsʲ sleep ★★ View
39 Ukrainian спати ˈspatɪ sleep ★★ View
40 Slovak spať spac sleep ★★ View
41 Czech spát spaːt sleep ★★ View
42 Sorbian Upper spać spatʃ sleep ★★ View
43 Sorbian Lower spaś spaɕ sleep ★★ View
44 Slovenian spati ˈspǎːti sleep ★★ View
45 Old Norse sofa ˈsova sleep AF søfr ★★★ View
46 Icelandic sofa ˈsɔːva sleep ★★ View
47 Faroese sova ˈsoːva sleep ★★★ ★★ View
48 Norwegian Riksmal sove ˈsòːʋə sleep ★★ View
49 Stavangersk såva ˈsòːʋa sleep ★★★ View
50 Old Swedish sova ˈsoːva sleep ★★ View
51 Swedish sova ˈsò:va sleep ★★ View
52 Swedish Vilhelmina SAVA sleep ★★ View
53 Swedish Uppland SOVA sleep ★★ View
54 Elfdalian såvå ˈsɔ̀vɔ sleep ★★★ View
55 Danish sove ˈsɒwə sleep ★★ View
56 Danish Fjolde sååv sɔːw sleep ★★ View
57 Old Gutnish sufa sleep ★★ View
58 Gutnish Lau sivä ˈsɪːvɛ sleep ★★ View
59 Old English slǣpþ sleep ★★★ View
60 English to sleep sli:p sleep ★★★ View
61 Frisian sliepe 'sli.əpə sleep ★★★ View
62 Dutch slapen 'slapə(n) sleep Changed from SLAAP (noun) to slapen (verb). ★★★ View
63 Flemish SLAPEN sleep ★★★ View
64 Afrikaans SLAAP sleep ★★★ View
65 Sranan SLIBI sleep ★★★ View
66 Old High German slāfit sleep ★★★ View
67 German schlafen ʃla:fn̩ sleep ★★★ View
68 Pennsylvania Dutch SCHLOEF sleep ★★★ View
69 Luxembourgish schlofen sleep ★★★ View
70 German Switzerland schlaafe sleep ★★★ View
71 Gothic slēpiþ sleep AF slepan ★★★ View
72 Breton HUNIA sleep AF: HUNI; 'sleep' (n.) ★★★ View
73 [Legacy] Serbocroatian SPAVATI sleep ★★ View
74 [Legacy] Serbian spavati spǎːʋati sleep ★★★ View
75 [Legacy] Bulgarian P SP A sleep ★★ View
76 [Legacy] Macedonian SPIE sleep ★★ View
77 [Legacy] Russian P SPAT sleep ★★ View
78 [Legacy] Polish P SPAC sleep ★★ View
79 [Legacy] Byelorussian P SPAC sleep ★★ View
80 [Legacy] Ukrainian P SPATY sleep ★★ View
81 [Legacy] Czech E SPAT sleep ★★ View
82 [Legacy] Slovak P SPAT sleep ★★ View
83 [Legacy] Czech P SPATI sleep ★★ View
84 [Legacy] Slovenian SPATI sleep ★★ View
85 [Legacy] German Munich schlafen sleep < Pr. Germ. *slēpan- ‘to sleep'. ★★★ View