Cognate class 621

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Citation: Scarborough, Matthew (University of Cambridge/Max Planck Institute for the Science ... Pages: View Many scholars believe that Greek οὐκ and Armenian ոչ come from a fossilised phrase *ne h₂oi̯u kʷid 'not ever in life' > 'not' following the proposal of Warren Cowgill (1960) "Greek ou and Armenian očʻ" Language 36:347-50. Cf. Beekes (2010) who tentatively accepts this proposal. Other scholars doubt this cognacy judgement, cf. esp. James Clackson (1994). The Linguistic Relationship Between Armenian and Greek. (Oxford: Blackwell) p.158, who stress that this etymological proposal is ad hoc, and suffers some difficulties in phonetic development.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Mycenaean Greek o-u- ou̯ not Particle used for negating a finite verb. See DMic. for full range of attestations. Identical to Ancient Greek οὐ ~ οὐκ. ★★★ View
2 Ancient Greek οὐ not General particle used to negate a finite verb. Alternative form οὐκ used before words beginning with a vowel to avoid hiatus. ★★★ View
3 Tsakonian ω not ★★★ View
4 Greek όχι not EXCLUDE. ★★★ View
5 Classical Armenian ոչ očʰ not ★★★ View
6 Armenian Eastern ոչ voʧʰ not Martirosyan prefers an "inner-Armenian interpretation". ★★★ View
7 Armenian Western VOCH not ★★ View
8 Irish cha not This may be the Swadesh term in the North (Ulster) ★★★ View
9 Scottish Gaelic cha ni not ★★★ View
10 Scottish Gaelic cha xa not Removed final -n. ★★★ View
11 Manx cha not ★★★ View
12 [Legacy] Greek Md OCHI not View