IELex

Cognate class 519

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes ie. *ost(h)- 'bone' (Pokorny), may be ultimately cogn. with /cognate/1114/ (but doubted by Buck and Pokorny)
Citation: Beekes, Robert. 2010. Etymological Dictionary of Greek. Leiden: Brill. Pages: View Ancient Greek ὀστέον clearly connected to the inherited word for 'bone'; Beekes reconstructs *h₃esth₁-i-, but supposes a thematised full-grade of the suffix *-i-, yielding *-ei̯-o-, which in turn would have given ὀστέον as it is attested.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *h₃ésth₁-ōi, *h₃esth₁-i-, *k-osti- bone Probable variant with initial k- (due to early PIE laryngeal reflex?) found in Slavic and Latin costa 'rib' (see Vasmer:647 and Derksen). View
2 Hittite hastāi bone ★★★ View
3 Luvian hāssa bone ★★★ View
4 Tocharian A āy bone Presumably the same as Tocharian B ★★ View
5 Tocharian B āy bone Note that the pl. form āsta identifies the cognate class ★★ View
6 Albanian Sicily asht bone Changed from AST. ★★ View
7 Ancient Greek ὀστοῦν (ὀστέον) ostȗːn bone G.sg. ὀστέου . Attic form contracts medial -εο-. The uncontracted form is attested by Ionic ὀστέον. ★★★ View
8 Greek οστο, οστουν bone EXCLUDE. (Katharevousa) ★★★ View
9 Classical Armenian ոսկր ɔsk-ɾ bone Traditionally pronounced [ʋɔskəɾ]. ★★★ View
10 Armenian Eastern ոսկոր vosˈkoɾ bone ★★ View
11 Armenian Western ոսկոր bone ★★ View
12 Avestan ast- bone ★★★ View
13 Avestan as bone ★★★ View
14 Sogdian ’stk- bone Sogdian ★★ View
15 Khotanese āstai bone ★★★ View
16 Wakhi YUSC, USTUXON bone ★★ View
17 Kurdish hestî bone View
18 Zazaki este bone ★★★ View
19 Tajik ustuxon ustuxɔːn bone ★★ View
20 Persian ostokhan ostoxɒn bone ★★ View
21 Shughni sitxun bone ★★★ View
22 Sarikoli (i)sыtxun bone ★★★ View
23 Ossetic staeg stæɡ bone Removed initial Y-. ★★ View
24 Ossetic Iron štɐg štɐg bone ★★ View
25 Ossetic Digor ɐstɐg ɐstɐg bone ★★ View
26 Vedic Sanskrit ásthi bone ★★★ View
27 Pāḷī aṭṭhi bone ★★★ View
28 Latin os os bone gen. ossis ★★★ View
29 Catalan os ɔs bone ★★ View
30 Portuguese osso ˈosu bone ★★ View
31 Spanish hueso 'weso bone ★★ View
32 Sardinian Cagliari OSSU bone ★★ View
33 Sardinian Logudoro OSSU bone ★★ View
34 Sardinian Nuoro OSSU bone ★★ View
35 French Creole Dominica ZOS bone ★★ View
36 Walloon OHE bone ★★ View
37 French os ɔs bone ★★ View
38 Provencal òs ɔs bone Removed OUSSAIO. ★★ View
39 Ladin OSS bone ★★ View
40 Dolomite Ladino os bone ★★★ View
41 Romansh oss, ies bone ★★★ View
42 Friulian vues bone ★★★ View
43 Italian osso 'ɔsso bone ★★ View
44 Romanian os os bone ★★ View
45 Vlach OS bone ★★ View
46 Middle Cornish askorn bone According to Schrijver (1995, 53-55) a compound containing 'horn' as a second member. ★★★ View
47 Middle Breton askorn ˈaskorn bone According to Schrijver (1995, 53-55) a compound containing 'horn' as a second member. ★★★ View
48 Breton askorn ˈaskɔrn bone According to Schrijver (1995, 53-55) a compound containing 'horn' as a second member. ★★★ ★★ View
49 Welsh asgwrn bone According to Schrijver (1995, 53-55) a compound containing 'horn' as a second member. ★★★ View
50 [Legacy] Albanian T asht bone Pl. = estra ~ eshtëna. Connected with IE *ost(i)- 'bone' and others. ★★★ View
51 [Legacy] Greek K OSTOUN bone ★★ View
52 [Legacy] Brazilian OSSO bone ★★ View
53 [Legacy] French Creole C ZO bone ★★ View
54 [Legacy] Breton St askorn ˈaskɔrn bone ★★★ View
55 [Legacy] Breton Se ASKORN bone ★★ View
56 [Legacy] Welsh C ASGWRN bone ★★ View