IELex

Cognate class 4969

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes The listing of the Brittonic material in cognate class /cognate/2336/ is problematic. Severeal sources reconstruct *lugrā and relate this to the root *leu̯k- 'to shine' without discussing the different velars.
Citation: Schrijver, Peter 1995: Studies in British Celtic historical phonology. Amsterdam, ... Pages: 332 View Relates W lloer etc. to Lat. lūridus 'pale, yellow', from a putative PIE *lou̯s-, *leu̯s-, i.e. Late Proto-British *loer < *luðrā or *luθrā < *lusrā. A mere possibility.
Citation: Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic. Leiden: Brill. Pages: 248 View From Proto-Celtic *lugrā- 'moon', PIE *leu̯g- 'to bend, twist' (IEW 685f., LIV 416). Presupposes that the young moon was denoted as 'bent'. The connection with *leu̯k- 'to shine' (IEW 690) is impossible for phonological reasons as this root contains *k, not *g.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Old Cornish luir moon ★★★ View
2 Middle Cornish loor lo:r moon ★★★ View
3 Middle Breton loar, loàr, loer ˈloar, ˈloer moon ★★★ View
4 Breton loar ˈlwaːr, ˈloar moon ★★★ View
5 Old Welsh loyr moon ★★★ View
6 Welsh lloer moon ★★★ View