IELex

Cognate class 349

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Wordlist: all

Notes diversification of a common root into several secondary roots: IE *yuh(x)s, *uswé ~ swé, *-wos (Mallory 2008: 417); cogn. with 'they' in /cognate/3016/
Citation: Schrijver, Peter. 2011: Old British. In Ternes, Elmar (ed.) 2011: ... Pages: 48-49 View From *swī(s) which reflects the PIE acc. 2 pl. *us-we.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *yū you ★★ View
2 Hittite sumēs you ★★★ View
3 Luvian ūnza(s) you ★★★ View
4 Tocharian A yas you yas pl. form of A tu 'you' ★★★ View
5 Tocharian B yes you ★★★ View
6 Albanian JU, JUVE you ★★ View
7 Standard Albanian ju you Polite form (also 2pl). ★★★ View
8 Albanian Sicily ju you From PAlb *ju. ★★ View
9 Albanian Corinth ju you From PAlb *ju. ★★ View
10 Albanian Gheg ju you From PAlb *ju. ★★ View
11 Albanian Tosk ju you From PAlb *ju. ★★ View
12 Ancient Greek ὑμεῖς hyːmȇːs you G.pl. ὑμῶν. ★★★ View
13 Classical Armenian ձեզ jez you you (ACC) ★★ View
14 Avestan yūžəm you View
15 Avestan vō (encl.) you ★★★ View
16 Sogdian šm’x you Christian ★★★ View
17 Wakhi SUST you ★★★ View
18 Baluchi SHA you ★★★ View
19 Zazaki šimā you ★★★ View
20 Tajik sumo ʃumɔ: you Removed SUMOEN. ★★ View
21 Persian shoma ʃomɒː you ★★ View
22 Waziri TUS, TOSE you View
23 Pashto TASI you ★★★ View
24 Shughni tama you ★★★ View
25 Sarikoli tamaš you ★★★ View
26 Ossetic cmax, cmaxtae sɨmaχ, ʃɨmaχ, sɨmaχtæ, ʃɨmaχtæ you ★★ View
27 Ossetic Iron šymaχ šymaχ you ★★ View
28 Ossetic Digor sumaχ sumaχ you ★★ View
29 Kata-viri šo you ★★★ View
30 Vedic Sanskrit yūyám you ★★★ View
31 Pāḷī tumhe you ★★★ View
32 Khaskura TIMIHARU you ★★★ View
33 Nepali tə̃-haru tə̃-haru you ★★★ View
34 Nepali timi-haru timi-haru you ★★★ View
35 Assamese tomo(lāk) you AF tumi (Mayang), p. 422 ★★★ View
36 Assamese ta you non-hon. ★★★ View
37 Oriya tumɔmanɔ-nkɔ tumɔmanɔ-nkɔ you polite: oblique, tumemane (nominative) ★★★ View
38 Bengali TUMI you ★★★ View
39 Bihari tõh sabh you pl. of 'thou' (?) ★★★ View
40 Magahi तोहनी सब t̪ohəni səb you ★★★ View
41 Marwari the the you direct, tha (obl.) ★★★ View
42 Hindi tum tʊm you Informal. ★★★ View
43 Urdu تُم t̪ʊm you ★★★ View
44 Sindhi (t)ə̃vhĩ you AF also tav(h)ĩ, tahĩ, taĩ, avhī/ē, ahĩ, ãĩ ★★★ View
45 Lahnda TUSSA you ★★★ View
46 Punjabi tusi tʊsĩ you ★★★ View
47 Gujarati TEME you ★★★ View
48 Marathi tumhi you Informal ★★★ View
49 Kashmiri TOHI you ★★★ View
50 Romani Greece TUMEN you ★★★ View
51 Old Church Slavonic вы you Plural. ★★★ View
52 Serbo-Croatian vi vîː you ★★ View
53 Bulgarian вие ˈvi.ɘ you ★★ View
54 Macedonian вие ˈvi.ɛ you ★★ View
55 Russian вы you ★★ View
56 Polish wy vɘ̟ you ★★ View
57 Belarusian вы you ★★ View
58 Ukrainian ви ʋɪ you ★★★ View
59 Slovak vy vi you ★★ View
60 Czech vy you ★★ View
61 Sorbian Upper wy wɘ̟ you ★★ View
62 Sorbian Lower wy wɘ̟ you ★★ View
63 Slovenian vi vîː you ★★ View
64 Old Prussian ioūs you ★★★ View
65 Latvian jũs you ★★ View
66 Lithuanian JUS you ★★ View
67 Old Norse (þ)ér (θ)eːr you du. (dual?), AF (Þ)it ★★★ View
68 Norwegian Riksmal dere ˈdèːɾə you ★★ View
69 Stavangersk de deː, de, də you ★★★ View
70 Old Swedish i you ★★ View
71 Swedish ni niː you Replaced I. ★★ View
72 Swedish Vilhelmina JI you ★★ View
73 Elfdalian ɪːð you ★★★ View
74 Danish i i you ★★ View
75 Danish Fjolde im im you View
76 Old Gutnish ir you ★★ View
77 Gutnish Lau i you ★★ View
78 Old English gē you ★★★ View
79 English ye ji: you ★★ X View
80 English you you ★★★ View
81 Frisian jy, jo, jim(me) ji, jo.u̯, 'jɪm(ə) you ★★ View
82 Dutch jullie ˈjʏli you ★★★ View
83 Flemish U, GY you ★★ View
84 Afrikaans JULLE, JUL you ★★ View
85 Old High German ir you ★★★ View
86 Old High German iuwih you ★★★ View
87 German ihr i:ɐ̯ you ★★ View
88 Luxembourgish dir you View
89 German Switzerland dir you ★★ View
90 Gothic jūs you ★★★ View
91 Latin uōs woːs you Gen. uestrūm/uestrī ★★★ View
92 Catalan vosaltres buz’altrəs you ★★ View
93 Portuguese vós, vocês ˈvɔʃ, vɔˈseʃ you ★★ View
94 Spanish vosotros bo'sotɾos you Informal. ★★ View
95 Sardinian Cagliari BOSATRUS you ★★ View
96 Sardinian Logudoro VOS you ★★ View
97 Sardinian Nuoro VOIS you ★★ View
98 Walloon VOS you ★★ View
99 French vous vu you ★★ View
100 Provencal VOUS, VAUTRE you ★★ View
101 Ladin VUS you ★★ View
102 Dolomite Ladino voi you ★★ View
103 Dolomite Ladino voiauter you ★★ View
104 Romansh vus you ★★★ View
105 Friulian vô, voaltris you ★★★ View
106 Italian voi 'voi you ★★ View
107 Romanian voi voj you ★★ View
108 Vlach VOI you ★★ View
109 Old Irish sí, sib sʹi:, sʹiβʹ you ★★★ View
110 Old Irish -b- β you ★★★ View
111 Middle Cornish hwi ʍi: you AF hwi ★★★ View
112 Middle Breton huy, hui, hu ˈhui, ˈhu you ★★★ View
113 Breton c'hwi ˈxwi, ˈhwi you ★★★ View
114 Welsh chwi xwi you ★★★ ★★ View
115 Irish sibh ʃivʲ you Removed SIBH-SE. ★★ View
116 Scottish Gaelic sibh you ★★★ View
117 [Legacy] Albanian T ju ju you From PAlb *ju. ★★ View
118 [Legacy] Serbocroatian VI you ★★ View
119 [Legacy] Serbian vi ʋîː you ★★★ View
120 [Legacy] Bulgarian P VIE you ★★ View
121 [Legacy] Macedonian vie viɛ you Removed VE. ★★ View
122 [Legacy] Russian P VY you ★★ View
123 [Legacy] Polish P WY you ★★ View
124 [Legacy] Byelorussian P VY you ★★ View
125 [Legacy] Ukrainian P VY you ★★ View
126 [Legacy] Czech E VI you ★★ View
127 [Legacy] Slovak P VY you ★★ View
128 [Legacy] Czech P VY you ★★ View
129 [Legacy] Slovenian JE you ★★ View
130 [Legacy] Lithuanian O JUS you ★★ View
131 [Legacy] Brazilian vós ˈvɔs you ★★ View
132 [Legacy] Brazilian vocês vɔˈses you ★★ View
133 [Legacy] German Munich ihr you < Pr. Germ. *jūs ‘you (pl.)’. ★★★ View
134 [Legacy] Breton St c'hwi xwi you ★★ View
135 [Legacy] Breton Se HUI you ★★ View
136 [Legacy] Welsh C CHWI you ★★ View
137 [Legacy] Irish A SIBH you ★★ View