IELex

Cognate class 339

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Wordlist: all

Notes the same root as in 'what' /cognate/160/ and 'some' in /cognate/2937/, see comment on 'some' in /cognate/2948/
Citation: Schrijver, Peter. 2011: Old British. In Ternes, Elmar (ed.) 2011: ... Pages: 55 View Oir. cía and Late-Proto-British *pui reflect Insular Celtic *kʷē(s). Its ultimate origin is unclear: Proto-Celtic *kʷes-est(i) 'who is?'
Citation: LIPP (Vol. 2) = Dunkel, George E. (2014). Lexikon der ... Pages: 452 View Interrogative, nom. sg. animate *kʷí-s 'who?'. The full-grade *kʷey-Ø 'who' of the Insular Celtic interrogative is unparalleled and originates probably by analogy with the anaphoric pronoun nom. sg. *éy-Ø 'he'. Cp. the alternative analysis p. 463 with fn. 60.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *kʷis who pronoun ★★★ View
2 Proto-Indo-European *kʷod who AF: *kʷos, adjective ★★★ View
3 Hittite kuis who ★★★ View
4 Luvian kuis who ★★★ View
5 Lycian ti who ★★★ View
6 Palaic kui- who ★★★ View
7 Tocharian A kus who cf. /meaning/what/ ★★★ View
8 Tocharian B kuse who cf. /meaning/what/ ★★★ View
9 Albanian kush who From PAlb *kuša going back to IE *kuu-so consisting of *kuu- and demonstrative *so-. The form is thus quite close to TochA kus, TochB kuse, both with identical meanings. ★★ View
10 Standard Albanian kush who ★★★ View
11 Albanian Sicily kush who From PAlb *kuša going back to IE *kuu-so consisting of *kuu- and demonstrative *so-. The form is thus quite close to TochA kus, TochB kuse, both with identical meanings. ★★ View
12 Albanian Corinth kush who From PAlb *kuša going back to IE *kuu-so consisting of *kuu- and demonstrative *so-. The form is thus quite close to TochA kus, TochB kuse, both with identical meanings. ★★ View
13 Albanian Gheg kush who From PAlb *kuša going back to IE *kuu-so consisting of *kuu- and demonstrative *so-. The form is thus quite close to TochA kus, TochB kuse, both with identical meanings. ★★ View
14 Albanian Tosk kush who split from DKB. From PAlb *kuša going back to IE *kuu-so consisting of *kuu- and demonstrative *so-. The form is thus quite close to TochA kus, TochB kuse, both with identical meanings. ★★ View
15 Albanian Tosk cili who split from DKB. Continues *të silë. ★★ View
16 Ancient Greek τίς tís who G.sg. τίνος; cf. /lexeme/18992/ ★★★ View
17 Tsakonian ποιε(ρ), ποια, ποιου who Masculine, feminine, neuter forms respectively. ★★★ View
18 Greek ποιος pço̞s who ★★ View
19 Greek Lesbos POIOS who ★★ View
20 Classical Armenian ո(վ) o(v) who Martirosyan thinks it is more probable that this lexeme reflects PIE *i̯o- (2010: 522). ★★★ View
21 Armenian Eastern ով ov who Alternative interpretation: derived < PIE *i̯o-. ★★★ View
22 Armenian Western OV who see also 'some' in /lexeme/1907/ ★★ View
23 Avestan who ★★ View
24 Old Persian ka who ★★★ View
25 Sogdian qy who Christian ★★★ View
26 Wakhi KUI who ★★ View
27 Baluchi KITHAN who ★★ View
28 Kurdish who ★★★ View
29 Zazaki kām who ★★ View
30 Tajik KI who ★★ View
31 Persian ki kʰiː who ★★ View
32 Waziri TSOK who ★★ View
33 Pashto COK who ★★ View
34 Sarikoli čoy who ★★ View
35 Ossetic ci, citae tʃi, tʃitæ who ★★ View
36 Ossetic Iron či či who ★★ View
37 Ossetic Digor ka ka who ★★ View
38 Kata-viri kʌt͡si who ★★★ View
39 Vasi-vari kəs, kes(e) who ★★★ View
40 Askunu ċēi who < *ki- ★★★ View
41 Vedic Sanskrit kás who ★★★ View
42 Pāḷī ka who ★★★ View
43 Khaskura KO who ★★ View
44 Nepali ko, ko ko ko who Removed KUN 'which'. ko ko is plural form. ★★ View
45 Assamese kon(e) who sg., AF kuṇ(i), kung(go) (Mayang), p.422 ★★ View
46 Oriya kaha kaha who oblique, kie (nominative) ★★ View
47 Bengali KE who ★★ View
48 Bihari ke ke who ★★ View
49 Bhojpuri ke who ★★ View
50 Marwari kuɳ kuɳ who direct, or kiɳ (obl.) ★★ View
51 Hindi KON who ★★ View
52 Urdu کَون kɔn who ★★ View
53 Sindhi kə̃h kə̃h who obl., kēru (nom., m.) ★★ View
54 Lahnda KON who ★★ View
55 Punjabi KON who ★★ View
56 Gujarati KON who ★★ View
57 Marathi kon koɳ who ★★ View
58 Kashmiri KYAH who ★★ View
59 Sinhalese KAVUDA who ★★ View
60 Romani Greece KON who ★★ View
61 Old Church Slavonic къто kʊ̆tɔ who ★★★ View
62 Serbo-Croatian tko, ko tkɔ̂, kɔ̂ who ★★ View
63 Bulgarian кой kɔj who ★★ View
64 Macedonian кој koj who ★★ View
65 Russian кто ktɔ who ★★ View
66 Polish kto ktɔ who ★★ View
67 Belarusian хто xtɔ who ★★ View
68 Ukrainian хто xtɔ who ★★ View
69 Slovak kto ktɔ who ★★ View
70 Czech kdo gdɔ who ★★ View
71 Sorbian Upper štó ʃtu who ★★ View
72 Sorbian Lower chto xtɔ who ★★ View
73 Slovenian kdo ɡdǒː, ɡdôː who ★★ View
74 Old Prussian kas who ★★★ View
75 Latvian kas who ★★★ ★★ View
76 Lithuanian KAS who ★★ View
77 Old Norse hverr ɣverː who of several, AF hvárr (of two) ★★★ View
78 Icelandic hver xʷɛːr, kʰvɛːr who ★★ View
79 Faroese hvør kʰvøːɹ who ★★★ ★★ View
80 Norwegian Riksmal hvem ʋɛmː who ★★ View
81 Stavangersk kemm kɛm(ː) who ★★ View
82 Old Swedish hvarr hvarː who ★★ View
83 Swedish vem vɛmː who ★★ View
84 Swedish Vilhelmina VAM, HOKAN who ★★ View
85 Swedish Uppland VEM, HOCKEN who ★★ View
86 Danish hvem vɛmˀ who ★★ View
87 Danish Fjolde væn væn who ★★ View
88 Gutnish Lau vaim vaɪm who ★★ View
89 Old English hwā who ★★★ View
90 English who hu: who ★★ View
91 Frisian HWA, HWA'T who ★★ View
92 Dutch wie wi who ★★ View
93 Flemish WIE who ★★ View
94 Afrikaans WIE who ★★ View
95 Sranan HOESOEMA who ★★ View
96 Old High German wer who ★★★ View
97 German wer ve:ɐ̯ who ★★ View
98 Pennsylvania Dutch WAIIR who ★★ View
99 Luxembourgish wien who ★★ View
100 German Switzerland wär who ★★★ View
101 Gothic ƕuas who ★★★ View
102 Oscan pís who ★★★ View
103 Umbrian pisi who ★★★ View
104 Latin quī kʷiː who interrogative pronoun, N.sg. masc. (quae fem.) ★★★ View
105 Catalan qui ki who ★★ View
106 Portuguese quem kɐ̃ĩ who ★★ View
107 Spanish quien kjen who ★★ View
108 Sardinian Cagliari KINI who ★★ View
109 Sardinian Logudoro CHINI who ★★ View
110 Sardinian Nuoro KIE who ★★ View
111 French Creole Dominica KIMUN who ★★ View
112 Walloon KI, QUI who ★★ View
113 French qui ki who ★★ View
114 Provencal QUE, QUAU, QU' who ★★ View
115 Ladin CHI who ★★ View
116 Dolomite Ladino chi who ★★★ View
117 Romansh tgi who ★★★ View
118 Friulian cui who ★★★ View
119 Italian chi ki who ★★ View
120 Romanian cine who ★★ View
121 Vlach KARE who ★★ View
122 Gaulish po[s?] who ★★ View
123 Old Irish cía kʹi:ə who Can also occur as ce or ci when unstressed or weakly stressed. ★★★ View
124 Middle Cornish piw piˑʊ who ★★★ View
125 Old Breton piv who ★★★ View
126 Middle Breton piu, pyu, piou ˈpiuː, ˈpiw who ★★★ View
127 Breton piv who ★★★ ★★ View
128 Old Welsh pui who ★★★ View
129 Welsh pwy who ★★★ View
130 Irish ceː who Replaced CIA, CIACA (=Old Irish). ★★ View
131 Scottish Gaelic koː who ★★★ View
132 Manx quoi who ★★★ View
133 [Legacy] Albanian T kush who From PAlb *kuša going back to IE *kuu-so consisting of *kuu- and demonstrative *so-. The form is thus quite close to TochA kus, TochB kuse, both with identical meanings. ★★ View
134 [Legacy] Greek K POIOS who ★★ View
135 [Legacy] Greek D POIOS who ★★ View
136 [Legacy] Greek Md POIOS who ★★ View
137 [Legacy] Serbocroatian TKO who ★★ View
138 [Legacy] Serbian ko who AF tko ★★★ View
139 [Legacy] Bulgarian P KOJ who ★★ View
140 [Legacy] Macedonian koj kɔj who Removed KOJSTO. ★★ View
141 [Legacy] Russian P KTO who ★★ View
142 [Legacy] Polish P KTO who ★★ View
143 [Legacy] Byelorussian P CHTO who ★★ View
144 [Legacy] Ukrainian P CHTO who ★★ View
145 [Legacy] Czech E GDO who ★★ View
146 [Legacy] Slovak P KTO who ★★ View
147 [Legacy] Czech P KDO who ★★ View
148 [Legacy] Slovenian KEDU who ★★ View
149 [Legacy] Lithuanian O KAS who ★★ View
150 [Legacy] Brazilian quem kẽ̃ĩ who ★★ View
151 [Legacy] German Munich wer who < Pr. Germ. *hwa- ‘who? what?’. ★★★ View
152 [Legacy] French Creole C KI MUN who ★★ View
153 [Legacy] Breton St piou who ★★★ View
154 [Legacy] Breton Se PIU who ★★ View
155 [Legacy] Welsh C PWY who ★★ View
156 [Legacy] Irish A CIA who ★★ View