IELex

Cognate class 3310

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Notes
Citation: Kloekhorst, Alwin. 2008. Etymological Dictionary on the Hittite Inherited Lexicon. ... Pages: 615 View "Regarding its etymology, consensus seems to have been reached. The verb is generally explained as a univerbation of the preverb pe- followed by a root *(h1)ai- or *(H)ei-, which is connected with TochB ai-, TochA e- 'to give' and Gr. αἲνυμι 'to take' [...]. Yet, as I argue in Kloekhorst 2006a, this etymology has to be rejected because it is impossible to explain how the weak stem pi- can be phonetically traced back to a preverb reflecting *h1poi that is prefixed to a verbal root. As we see in the paradigm of paĭi-/ pai ‘to go’, a preform *h1poi + *h1ienti yields *paĭanzi > panzi, and not **piĭanzi. Moreover, the absence of a counterpart with the preverb uand the abundant attestation of this verb in the other Anatolian languages as well (whereas the preverb peis further scarcely attested outside Hittite), suggests that pai-/pi cannot be a univerbated verb. As I explain in the cited article, pai-/pihas to be analyzed as all d i/ti¨anzi-class verbs in the sense that they reflect a structure *CC-oi/ *CC-i-, i.e. the zero grade of a verbal root followed by an ablauting -oi-/-i-suffix. For paii / pithis means that the root must be either *PeHor *HeP-. The only root that semantically fits is *h 1 ep‘to seize, to grab’ (for which see also s.v. eppzi / app-), as is clear from e.g. Alb. ap‘to give’ (< *h 1 op-e¨e-, cf. Klingenschmitt 1981: 127) and Germ. *geb‘to give’ (< *ga+ *h 1 ep-, cf. Kortlandt 1992: 104). I therefore reconstruct *h 1 p-oi/ *h 1 p-i-.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Hittite pāi give ★★★ View
2 Luvian piyai give ★★★ View
3 Lycian pije give ★★★ View
4 Lycian pibiti give ★★★ View
5 Palaic pisa- give ★★★ View