IELex

Cognate class 327

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes IE root widely remodelled (Mallory 2008: 175); Bucks comment on the Indian terms: as if IE *sighwa- which might be a blend of *dnghwa-, "with some other word" (Buck 1949: 230); relation to /cognate/501/ unclear (Walde 1930: 1.792), Martirosyan suspects blend betw. IE *dng(h)u(e)- 'tongue' and *leig(h)- 'to lick', visible in Lat. LINGUA vs. OLat. DINGUA (2010: 307)
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *dn̥ǵʰwéh₂s tongue ★★ View
2 Tocharian A käntu tongue ★★★ View
3 Tocharian B kantwo tongue ★★★ View
4 Classical Armenian lezow tongue ★★★ View
5 Armenian Eastern lezu lɛˈzu tongue Blend of PIE *dnĝhu(e)h2- 'tongue' (OIr. tengae , Goth. tuggo , OHG zunga , Skt. jihvā́- , juhū́- f., Av. hizuuā- , hizū- m., etc.) and PIE *leiĝh- > Arm. lizem 'to lick'. ★★★ View
6 Armenian Western LEZOO tongue ★★ View
7 Avestan hizuua tongue ★★★ View
8 Old Persian hazāna- tongue ★★★ View
9 Sogdian zb’q tongue Christian ★★★ View
10 Wakhi ZIK tongue ★★★ View
11 Baluchi ZAWAN tongue ★★★ View
12 Kurdish ziman tongue ★★ View
13 Zazaki ziwān tongue ★★★ View
14 Tajik zabon zæbɔːn tongue ★★★ View
15 Persian zaban zæˈbɒːn tongue Removed (ZABUN). ★★★ View
16 Waziri ZHEBBA tongue ★★★ View
17 Pashto ZEBA tongue ★★★ View
18 Shughni ziv tongue ★★★ View
19 Sarikoli ziv tongue ★★★ View
20 Ossetic Iron ɐvžɐg ɐvžɐg tongue ★★★ View
21 Ossetic Digor ɐvzɐg ɐvzɐg tongue ★★★ View
22 Kata-viri dit͡s tongue ★★ View
23 Vasi-vari luzux/k, wurjuk tongue ★★★ View
24 Askunu ž(y)ū tongue ★★★ View
25 Vedic Sanskrit jihvá̄ tongue ★★★ View
26 Pāḷī jivhā tongue ★★★ View
27 Khaskura JIBRO tongue ★★ View
28 Nepali JIBRO tongue ★★ View
29 Assamese zīb(h)a tongue in Mayang: jū, jibrā ★★★ View
30 Oriya jibhɔ jibhɔ tongue ★★★ View
31 Bengali JIB tongue ★★ View
32 Bihari jiu jiu tongue ★★★ View
33 Marwari jīb tongue ★★★ View
34 Hindi jibh dʒiːbʱ tongue ★★ View
35 Urdu زبان zəbɑn tongue ★★★ View
36 Sindhi j̄ibha tongue ★★★ View
37 Lahnda JIBH tongue ★★ View
38 Punjabi JIB tongue ★★ View
39 Gujarati JIB tongue ★★ View
40 Marathi dʒībh dʒibʰ tongue ★★ View
41 Kashmiri ZEV tongue ★★ View
42 Sinhalese DIVA tongue ★★ View
43 Romani Greece CHIP tongue ★★★ View
44 Old Church Slavonic ѩзыкъ jɛ̃zɯkʊ̆ tongue Also 'language' and 'pepole, nation'. ★★★ View
45 Serbo-Croatian jezik ˈjɛ̌zik tongue ★★ View
46 Bulgarian език ɘˈzik tongue ★★ View
47 Macedonian јазик ˈjazik tongue ★★ View
48 Russian язык ji'zɨk tongue ★★ View
49 Polish język ˈjɛɰ̃zɘ̟k tongue ★★ View
50 Belarusian язык jaˈzɨk tongue ★★ View
51 Ukrainian язик jaˈzɪk tongue ★★ View
52 Slovak jazyk ˈjazik tongue ★★ View
53 Czech jazyk ˈjazɪk tongue ★★ View
54 Sorbian Upper jazyk ˈjazɘ̟k tongue ★★ View
55 Sorbian Lower jězyk ˈjɪzɘ̟k tongue ★★ View
56 Slovenian jezik ˈjɛ̌ːzik tongue ★★ View
57 Old Prussian insuwis tongue ★★★ View
58 Lithuanian LIEZUVIS tongue ★★ View
59 Old Norse tunga ˈtunɣa tongue ★★★ View
60 Icelandic tunga ˈtʰuŋɡ̊a tongue ★★ View
61 Faroese tunga ˈtʰʊŋɡ̊a tongue ★★ View
62 Norwegian Riksmal tunge ˈtʉ̀ŋːə tongue ★★ View
63 Stavangersk tonga ˈtùŋːa tongue ★★★ View
64 Old Swedish tunga ˈtuŋːa tongue ★★ View
65 Swedish tunga ˈtɵ̀ŋːa tongue ★★ View
66 Swedish Vilhelmina TONGA tongue ★★ View
67 Swedish Uppland TUNGA tongue ★★ View
68 Elfdalian tungga ˈtʉ̀ŋgɑ tongue ★★★ View
69 Danish tunge ˈd̥ʰɔŋə tongue ★★ View
70 Danish Fjolde tong toŋ tongue ★★ View
71 Old Gutnish tunga tongue ★★ View
72 Gutnish Lau tunggå ˈtuŋɡo tongue ★★ View
73 Old English tunge tongue ★★★ View
74 English tongue tʌŋ tongue ★★ View
75 Frisian tonge 'toŋə tongue split from DKB ★★ View
76 Dutch tong tɔŋ tongue ★★ View
77 Flemish TONG tongue ★★ View
78 Afrikaans TONG tongue ★★ View
79 Sranan TONGO tongue ★★ View
80 Old High German zunga tongue ★★★ View
81 German Zunge 't͜sʊŋə tongue ★★ View
82 Pennsylvania Dutch ZUUNG tongue ★★ View
83 Luxembourgish Zong tongue ★★★ View
84 German Switzerland zunge tongue ★★★ View
85 Gothic tuggō tongue ★★★ View
86 Oscan fangvam tongue acc. ★★★ View
87 Latin lingua ˈliŋɡwa tongue G.sg. linguae ★★★ View
88 Catalan llengua 'ʎɛŋɡwə, 'ʎeŋɡwa tongue Standard, Valencian. ★★ View
89 Portuguese lingua ˈlĩguɐ tongue ★★ View
90 Spanish lengua 'leŋɡwa tongue ★★ View
91 Sardinian Cagliari LINGUA tongue ★★ View
92 Sardinian Logudoro LIMBA tongue ★★ View
93 Sardinian Nuoro LIMBA tongue ★★ View
94 French Creole Dominica LAN tongue ★★ View
95 Walloon LINWE tongue ★★ View
96 French langue lɑ̃g tongue Also means 'language'. ★★ View
97 Provencal lenga ˈleŋɡo tongue Changed final -O to -a. ★★ View
98 Ladin LAUNGIA tongue ★★ View
99 Dolomite Ladino lèngå tongue Online dictionary gives same form but without diacritics. ★★★ View
100 Romansh lieunga tongue ★★★ View
101 Friulian lenghe tongue ★★★ View
102 Italian lingua 'lingwa tongue Also means 'language'. ★★ View
103 Romanian limbă ˈlimbə tongue ★★ View
104 Vlach LIMBE tongue ★★ View
105 Gaulish tengua tongue Reconstructed form based on attestations, possibly Lepontic. ★★ View
106 Old Irish tengae tʹeŋge tongue ★★★ View
107 Old Cornish tauot tongue ★★★ View
108 Middle Cornish tavas 'tavəs tongue ★★★ View
109 Old Breton teaut tongue Middle Breton. ★★★ View
110 Breton teod tongue ★★ View
111 Old Welsh tauawt tongue ★★★ View
112 Welsh tafod tongue ★★★ View
113 Irish teanga tongue ★★ View
114 Scottish Gaelic teanga tongue ★★★ View
115 Manx çhengey tongue ★★★ View
116 [Legacy] Serbocroatian JEZIK tongue ★★ View
117 [Legacy] Serbian jezik tongue ★★★ View
118 [Legacy] Bulgarian P EZIK tongue ★★ View
119 [Legacy] Macedonian jazik ˈjazik tongue ★★ View
120 [Legacy] Russian P JAZYK tongue ★★ View
121 [Legacy] Polish P JEZYK tongue ★★ View
122 [Legacy] Byelorussian P JAZYK tongue ★★ View
123 [Legacy] Ukrainian P JAZYK tongue ★★ View
124 [Legacy] Czech E JAZIK tongue ★★ View
125 [Legacy] Slovak P JAZYK tongue ★★ View
126 [Legacy] Czech P JAZYK tongue ★★ View
127 [Legacy] Slovenian JEZIK tongue ★★ View
128 [Legacy] Lithuanian O LIEZUVIS tongue ★★ View
129 [Legacy] Brazilian LINGUA tongue ★★ View
130 [Legacy] German Munich Zunge tongue < Pr. Germ. *tungōn- 'tongue'. ★★★ View
131 [Legacy] French Creole C LAN tongue ★★ View
132 [Legacy] Breton St teod tɛwt tongue ★★★ View
133 [Legacy] Breton Se TEAD tongue ★★ View
134 [Legacy] Welsh C TAFOD tongue ★★ View
135 [Legacy] Irish A TEANGA tongue ★★ View