IELex

Cognate class 323

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes IE *so, sa (Walde 1930: 2.509), the same as 'that' in /cognate/318/, 'what' /cognate/2445/ and 'here' /cognate/2689/
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Tocharian A säs this cf. /lexeme/23225/ ★★★ View
2 Tocharian B se this cf. /lexeme/23428/ ★★★ View
3 Albanian KY this ★★ View
4 Albanian Sicily ky, kjo this Masculine and feminine forms, respectively. Composed of two parts derived from: (i) PAlb *ka-/*kë (acc to Orel a pronominal element, acc to Kortlandt < Lat eccum), and (ii) demonstrative pronouns -i, -jo which represent a conflation of PIE demonstratives *so-, *to- with anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★ View
5 Albanian Corinth ky, kjo this Masculine and feminine forms, respectively. Composed of two parts derived from: (i) PAlb *ka-/*kë (acc to Orel a pronominal element, acc to Kortlandt < Lat eccum), and (ii) demonstrative pronouns -i, -jo which represent a conflation of PIE demonstratives *so-, *to- with anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★ View
6 Albanian Gheg ky, kjo this Masculine and feminine forms, respectively. Composed of two parts derived from: (i) PAlb *ka-/*kë (acc to Orel a pronominal element, acc to Kortlandt < Lat eccum), and (ii) demonstrative pronouns -i, -jo which represent a conflation of PIE demonstratives *so-, *to- with anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★ View
7 Albanian Tosk ky, kjo this Masculine and feminine forms, respectively. Composed of two parts derived from: (i) PAlb *ka-/*kë (acc to Orel a pronominal element, acc to Kortlandt < Lat eccum), and (ii) demonstrative pronouns -i, -jo which represent a conflation of PIE demonstratives *so-, *to- with anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★ View
8 Ancient Greek οὗτος hȗːtos this G.sg. τούτου (stem allomorphy). Cf. αὕτη 'she', τοῦτο 'it'. AU-TOS = compound fr. /cognate/2436/ and /cognate/323/ ★★★ View
9 Ancient Greek ὅδε hóde this G.sg. τοῦδε. ★★★ View
10 Greek tutos (e̞)ˈtuto̞s this EXCLUDE. ★★ View
11 Greek αυτός afˈto̞s this ★★ View
12 Greek Lesbos AUTOS this ★★ View
13 Classical Armenian ays this With reference to the speaking person. ★★★ ★★ View
14 Armenian Eastern ays ɑɪ̯s this cf. Martirosyan 59 ★★ View
15 Armenian Western AYS this ★★ View
16 Bulgarian този ˈtɔzi this ★★ View
17 Russian этот 'ɛtɔt this ★★★ View
18 Polish ten tɛn this ★★ View
19 Belarusian гэты ˈɣɛtɨ this ★★★ View
20 Ukrainian цей tsɛj this ★★ View
21 Slovak ten tɛn this ★★ View
22 Czech ten(to) ˈtɛn(tɔ) this ★★ View
23 Sorbian Upper tón tʊn this ★★ View
24 Sorbian Lower ten tɛn this ★★ View
25 Slovenian ta tâː this ★★ View
26 Old Norse þessi ˈθesːi this View
27 Old Norse sjá sjaː this ★★★ View
28 Icelandic þessi ˈθɛsːɪ this Removed THETTA. ★★ View
29 Faroese hetta ˈhɛʰtːa this ★★ View
30 Norwegian Riksmal denne ˈdɛ̀nːə this ★★ View
31 Stavangersk denne, dette, disse ˈdɛ̀nːə, ˈdɛ̀tːə, ˈdɪ̀sːə this ★★★ View
32 Old Swedish thänne ˈθænːe this ★★ View
33 Swedish den, det dɛn, dɛ this Removed HAR. ★★ View
34 Swedish Vilhelmina A HANA this ★★ View
35 Swedish Uppland DEN HAR this ★★ View
36 Elfdalian ittað; isn; isų ˈɪ̀tːɑð; ɪ̀sn̩; ˈɪ̀sʉ̃ this "Proximal form" of N, M and F. Often followed by "jär" 'here' ★★ View
37 Danish denne, dette ˈd̥ɛnə, ˈd̥ɛd̥ə this ★★ View
38 Danish Fjolde dænd heær dænʲ heæɹ this ★★ View
39 Old Gutnish þissi this ★★ View
40 Gutnish Lau dän (här) dɛnː (hɛːr) this ★★ View
41 Old English þēs this ★★★ View
42 English this ðɪs this ★★ View
43 Frisian dy, dit di, dɪt this removed DITTE. ★★ View
44 Dutch deze, dit 'dezə, dɪt this ★★ View
45 Flemish DIT, DEZE this ★★ View
46 Afrikaans DIE, DIT, NIERDIE this ★★ View
47 Sranan DISI, DI this ★★ View
48 Old High German dese this ★★★ View
49 German dies di:s this ★★ View
50 Pennsylvania Dutch DAIIR (M.), DIE (F.), DES (N.) this ★★ View
51 Luxembourgish dëst this ★★★ View
52 German Switzerland dä/die/das this ★★★ View
53 Gothic sa this cf. /lexeme/20102/ ★★★ View
54 Catalan aquest ə’kɛt this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309). Removed EST. ★★ View
55 Portuguese isto ˈiʃtu this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309). Removed ESTE. Also isso 'near you'. ★★ View
56 Spanish este 'este this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
57 Sardinian Cagliari KUSTU this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
58 Sardinian Logudoro CUSTU this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
59 Sardinian Nuoro KUSTU this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
60 French Creole Dominica SA this ★★ View
61 Walloon COUCHAL this ★★ View
62 French ceci səsi this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
63 Provencal CO, ACO this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
64 Ladin QUAIST, QUIST this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
65 Dolomite Ladino chešt this Online dictionary gives same form but without diacritic. ★★★ View
66 Romansh quei this = Lat ecce + iste/ea. ★★★ View
67 Friulian chei this ★★★ View
68 Italian questo 'kwesto this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
69 Romanian acesta aˈʧesta this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
70 Vlach AESTU this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
71 Old Irish so, sa this Also se, seo, sea; siu before word beginning with palatal auslaut. < IE *so-, *syo-. ★★★ View
72 Middle Cornish hemma this ★★★ View
73 Middle Cornish ma this AF an…ma ★★★ View
74 Breton mañ this hemañ, an dre mañ ★★ View
75 Welsh hwn this ★★★ View
76 Irish seo/so this ★★★ View
77 Scottish Gaelic seo this ★★★ View
78 Manx shoh this ★★★ View
79 [Legacy] Albanian T ky, kyo ky this Masculine and feminine forms, respectively. Composed of two parts derived from: (i) PAlb *ka-/*kë (acc to Orel a pronominal element, acc to Kortlandt < Lat eccum), and (ii) demonstrative pronouns -i, -jo which represent a conflation of PIE demonstratives *so-, *to- with anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★★ View
80 [Legacy] Greek K AUTO, TOUTO this Beekes gives IE *heu- 'again' + *to- 'that' ★★★ ★★ View
81 [Legacy] Greek D AUTO this ★★ View
82 [Legacy] Greek Md AUTOS, TOUTOS this ★★ View
83 [Legacy] Bulgarian P TOJA this ★★ View
84 [Legacy] Polish P TEN this ★★ View
85 [Legacy] Byelorussian P HETY this ★★ View
86 [Legacy] Ukrainian P CEJ this ★★ View
87 [Legacy] Czech E TOTO this ★★ View
88 [Legacy] Slovak P TEN this ★★ View
89 [Legacy] Czech P TEN this ★★ View
90 [Legacy] Slovenian TU this ★★ View
91 [Legacy] Lithuanian O SIS this ★★ View
92 [Legacy] Brazilian ESTE this Romance terms fr. ECCU+ISTE, ECCU = root of /cognate/2437/ + -CE 'here, there' /cognate/2435/, ISTE = IS (again root of /cognate/2437/) + root of /cognate/323/) (Dietz 1864: 357, de Vaan 2008: 102, 185, 309) ★★ View
93 [Legacy] Brazilian isto ˈistu this near speaker. ★★ View
94 [Legacy] German Munich diese/-r/-s this Same as /lexeme/30584/ 'that' (also SGM). ★★★ View
95 [Legacy] French Creole C SA this ★★ View
96 [Legacy] Breton St an...-man ãn...-mã this comp. /lexeme/19866/ View
97 [Legacy] Breton St hemañ this ★★★ View
98 [Legacy] Breton Se EN...-MEN this comp. /lexeme/19866/ View
99 [Legacy] Welsh C HWN this ★★ View
100 [Legacy] Irish A SO this ★★ View