IELex

Cognate class 319

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Wordlist: all

Notes Germanic < *tór-, = Skt. tárh-hi 'at the time, then', Slav. < *téh(a)mot(s)- 'then, at that place', cf. also 'here' in /cognate/2689/) (Mallory 2008: 418), all ultimately going back to IE *so-, to-, ta- acc. to Walde (Walde 1930: 1.742f)
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Tocharian A tmaṃ there ★★★ View
2 Tocharian B omp there = OPers. AVA- 'that one' (Windekens 1976: 187) < IE *u- (ue-, uo-, au-) (Walde 1930: 1.187), maybe cognate with /cognate/2685/, /cognate/2439/ and /cognate/1665/, cf. also Iran. /cognate/1971/ ★★★ View
3 Tocharian B tane there ★★★ View
4 Albanian ATJE there ★★ View
5 Standard Albanian atje there Compound of a- (as in ai 'he') and -tje (cf. tutje 'there, on the other side). ★★★ View
6 Albanian Sicily ATJE there ★★ View
7 Albanian Corinth ATJE there ★★ View
8 Albanian Gheg ATJE, ATY there ★★ View
9 Albanian Tosk ATJE there ★★ View
10 Armenian Eastern aynteł there but cf. different classification in Martirosyan for 'here' in /lexeme/1834/. ★★ View
11 Vedic Sanskrit tátra there ★★ View
12 Pāḷī tattha there ★★★ View
13 Nepali TYAHA there split from DKB, TYA = cogn. with TYO (Turner 1931: 292), cf. 'he' in /lexeme/11455/ ★★★ View
14 Assamese tāt(e) there ★★ View
15 Bihari tatau there split ★★ View
16 Gujarati TYA there ★★ View
17 Kashmiri TOR, TOTU there ★★ View
18 Romani Greece KOTE there ★★ View
19 Old Church Slavonic тѹ tu there It can refer also to a motion. There are some alternative lexemes. 'тамо' has the same meaning(s) but its less frequent used (40 times vs >300 <400 times). 'онъде' is attested only once. 'овъде' is relatively rare too (6 times) and it is used only in a comparing construction 'here..., there...'. ★★★ View
20 Serbo-Croatian tamo ˈtâmɔ there ★★ View
21 Bulgarian там tam there ★★ View
22 Macedonian таму ˈtamu there ★★ View
23 Russian там tam there ★★ View
24 Polish tam tam there ★★ View
25 Belarusian там tam there ★★ View
26 Ukrainian там tam there ★★ View
27 Slovak tam tam there ★★ View
28 Czech tam tam there ★★ View
29 Sorbian Upper tam tam there ★★ View
30 Sorbian Lower tam tam there ★★ View
31 Slovenian tam tam there ★★ View
32 Old Prussian stwen there ★★★ View
33 Latvian tùr there ★★ View
34 Old Norse þar θar there ★★★ View
35 Icelandic þar θaːr there ★★ View
36 Faroese har hɛaːɹ there View
37 Norwegian Riksmal der dæːɾ there ★★ View
38 Stavangersk der dɛːʁ there ★★★ View
39 Old Swedish thär θæːr there ★★ View
40 Swedish där dæːr there Removed DARI, DARVIDLAG. ★★ View
41 Swedish Vilhelmina DAR, DENA DENAN there ★★ View
42 Swedish Uppland DAR there ★★ View
43 Elfdalian dar dɑːr there ★★★ View
44 Danish der dɛɐ̯ there ★★ View
45 Danish Fjolde deær deæɹ there ★★ View
46 Old Gutnish þar there ★★ View
47 Gutnish Lau där dɛːr there ★★ View
48 Old English þǣr there ★★★ View
49 English there ðɛə there ★★ View
50 Frisian der dər there cogn. with 'where' in /lexeme/6478/?. Removed DERRE. ★★ View
51 Dutch daar, aldaar dar, ɑl'dar there ★★ View
52 Flemish DAER there ★★ View
53 Afrikaans DAAR there ★★ View
54 Old High German dār there ★★★ View
55 German dort dɔrt there ★★ View
56 Luxembourgish do there ★★★ View
57 German Switzerland dört there ★★★ View
58 Gothic þar there ★★★ View
59 [Legacy] Albanian T atje atˈjɛ there ★★ View
60 [Legacy] Serbocroatian TAMO there ★★ View
61 [Legacy] Serbian tamo tâmo there presentative ★★★ View
62 [Legacy] Bulgarian P TAM there ★★ View
63 [Legacy] Macedonian tamy ˈtamu there ★★ View
64 [Legacy] Russian P TAM there ★★ View
65 [Legacy] Polish P TAM there ★★ View
66 [Legacy] Byelorussian P TAM there ★★ View
67 [Legacy] Ukrainian P TAM there ★★ View
68 [Legacy] Czech E TAM there ★★ View
69 [Legacy] Slovak P TAM there ★★ View
70 [Legacy] Czech P TAM there ★★ View
71 [Legacy] Slovenian TOM there ★★ View
72 [Legacy] German Munich da there < Pr. Germ. *þar ‘there’. ★★★ View