IELex

Cognate class 318

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes IE *so, sa (Walde 1930: 2.509), the same as 'this' /cognate/323/, 'he' /cognate/2679/, 'if' in /cognate/896/ and many others
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *só, *séh₂, *tód that ★★★ View
2 Tocharian A säm that cf. /lexeme/23229/ ★★★ View
3 Tocharian B samp that cf. /lexeme/23434/ ★★★ View
4 Tocharian B su that ★★★ View
5 Albanian ky (m.), kjo (f.) that split from DKB. See rather /lexeme/564/. ★★ View
6 Albanian ai, ay (m.), ajo (f.), ata (n.) that Also he and she, respectively. Goes back to PAlb *a-ei, comprising (i) a deictic element (*a), and (ii) a demonstrative pronoun (-i, -jo, -ta) which may represent a conflation of PIE *so, -to with the anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★★ View
7 Standard Albanian atë that ★★ View
8 Albanian Sicily ai, ay (m.), ajo (f.), ata (n.) that Also he and she, respectively. Goes back to PAlb *a-ei, comprising (i) a deictic element (*a), and (ii) a demonstrative pronoun (-i, -jo, -ta) which may represent a conflation of PIE *so, -to with the anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★ View
9 Albanian Corinth ai, ay (m.), ajo (f.), ata (n.) that Also he and she, respectively. Goes back to PAlb *a-ei, comprising (i) a deictic element (*a), and (ii) a demonstrative pronoun (-i, -jo, -ta) which may represent a conflation of PIE *so, -to with the anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★ View
10 Albanian Gheg ai, ay (m.), ajo (f.), ata (n.) that Also he and she, respectively. Goes back to PAlb *a-ei, comprising (i) a deictic element (*a), and (ii) a demonstrative pronoun (-i, -jo, -ta) which may represent a conflation of PIE *so, -to with the anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★ View
11 Albanian Tosk ai, ay (m.), ajo (f.), ata (n.) that Also he and she, respectively. Goes back to PAlb *a-ei, comprising (i) a deictic element (*a), and (ii) a demonstrative pronoun (-i, -jo, -ta) which may represent a conflation of PIE *so, -to with the anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★ View
12 Classical Armenian ayn that Same root as in /cognate/2435/ 'this'. ★★ View
13 Armenian Eastern ayn ɑɪ̯n that ★★ View
14 Armenian Western AYT that ★★ View
15 Avestan that ★★★ View
16 Sogdian xw that Manichean ★★★ View
17 Tajik on ɔːn that AF: XAMON, rather /cognate/2436/? ★★ View
18 Persian AN (UN) that rather /cognate/2436/? comp. OPers. and Av. AVA- which belong to IE *u-/au- (Walde 1930: 1.186) ★★ View
19 Askunu səkə that ★★★ View
20 Vedic Sanskrit that ★★★ View
21 Pāḷī tad that ★★★ View
22 Khaskura TIO that ★★ View
23 Nepali TYO that split from DKB, 'he, she, it' ★★ View
24 Assamese xeito xeito that Turner gives XI, TA ★★ View
25 Assamese teõ, tẽwe that that, he' com. gen. (honorific), Turner gives TA View
26 Oriya se(iṭa) se(iʈa) that distal demonstr. ★★★ View
27 Bengali SETA, OTA that Turner gives SE, TAHA ★★ View
28 Sindhi sō that ‘that one, m.’ ★★ View
29 Marathi to, tī, te to, ti:, te that Masc, fem, neut. ★★ View
30 Kashmiri ATH that split from DKB ★★ View
31 Kashmiri TIH that split from DKB ★★★ View
32 Old Church Slavonic тъ tʊ̆ that Alternative lexemes are 'овъ' and 'и'. However, 'овъ' is rare in the meaning 'that' (and it can mean also 'this') and 'и' is used only in relative constructions. ★★ View
33 Serbo-Croatian taj tâːj that That one which is close(r) to the interlocutor. ★★★ View
34 Macedonian тој toj that That one which is close(r) to the interlocutor. ★★★ View
35 Russian тот tɔt that ★★ View
36 Polish tamten ˈtamtɛn that Compound word: tam '(over) there' + ten 'this'. ★★ View
37 Belarusian той tɔj that ★★ View
38 Ukrainian той tɔj that ★★ View
39 Slovak tamten tamtɛn that ★★ View
40 Czech tamten ˈtamtɛn that An alternative lexeme is 'onen' but it has additional meaninigs. ★★ View
41 Sorbian Upper tamny ˈtamnɘ̟ that An adjective pronoun derived from 'tam' 'there'. ★★★ View
42 Sorbian Lower tamny ˈtamnɘ̟ that An adjective pronoun derived from 'tam' 'there'. ★★★ View
43 Slovenian tisti ˈtǐːsti that An alternative lexeme is 'oni'. However, it is more focused on the distance. ★★ View
44 Latvian tas that ★★★ ★★ View
45 Lithuanian TAS that ★★ View
46 Old Norse sá saː that ★★★ View
47 Old Norse þat θat that opp. of this: hinn, hitt ★★★ View
48 Icelandic þessi ˈθɛsːɪ that ★★ View
49 Icelandic sauː that ★★★ View
50 Faroese tann tʰanː that split from DKB ★★ View
51 Norwegian Riksmal den dɛnː that ★★ View
52 Stavangersk denne, dette, disse ˈdɛ̀nːə, ˈdɛ̀tːə, ˈdɪ̀sːə that ★★★ View
53 Old Swedish thänne ˈθænːe that ★★ View
54 Old Swedish sar saːr that ★★ View
55 Swedish denne, denna ˈdɛ̀nə, ˈdɛ̀na that Removed DETTA. ★★ View
56 Swedish Vilhelmina A DANA that ★★ View
57 Swedish Uppland ATT that ★★ View
58 Elfdalian eð-dar; an-dar; ą̊-dar ɛːðˈdɑːr; ɑnˈdɑːr; õːˈdɑːr that "Distal" forms of N, M and F. ★★ View
59 Danish den, det dɛn, de that ★★ View
60 Danish Fjolde dænd dænʲ that ★★ View
61 Old Gutnish þann that ★★ View
62 Gutnish Lau dän där dɛnː (dɛːr) that ★★ View
63 Old English sē that ★★★ View
64 English that ðæt that ★★ View
65 Frisian dat dɔt that removed DET. ★★ View
66 Dutch die, dat, gene di, dɑt, 'ɣenə that ★★ View
67 Flemish DAT, DIE that ★★ View
68 Afrikaans DAT that ★★ View
69 Sranan DATI that ★★ View
70 German das das that split from DKB ★★ View
71 Pennsylvania Dutch ASZ that ★★ View
72 Luxembourgish dat that ★★★ View
73 German Switzerland dä/die/das that ★★★ View
74 Gothic sa that ★★★ View
75 Gaulish se, so, san(a) that ★★ View
76 Old Irish sin sʹinʹ that ★★★ View
77 Middle Cornish henna 'hɛn:a that ★★★ View
78 Middle Cornish an…se that View
79 Breton se that an dra se ★★ View
80 Welsh hwnnw that ★★★ View
81 Irish sin that ★★ View
82 Scottish Gaelic sin that ★★★ View
83 Scottish Gaelic an...siud an, ən...ʃʲud that ★★ View
84 Manx shen that ★★★ View
85 [Legacy] Albanian T ai, aj (m.), ajo (f.) that Also he and she, respectively. Goes back to PAlb *a-ei, comprising (i) a deictic element (*a), and (ii) a demonstrative pronoun (-i, -jo) which may represent a conflation of PIE *so, -to with the anaphoric pronoun *e/i-. ★★ View
86 [Legacy] Macedonian toa tɔa that split from DKB. Changed from TOJ. ★★ View
87 [Legacy] Russian P TOT that ★★ View
88 [Legacy] Polish P TAMTEN that ★★ View
89 [Legacy] Byelorussian P TOJ that ★★ View
90 [Legacy] Ukrainian P TOJ that ★★ View
91 [Legacy] Czech E TO that ★★ View
92 [Legacy] Slovenian TISTO that ★★ View
93 [Legacy] Lithuanian O TAS that ★★ View
94 [Legacy] Breton St an...-se ãn...-se that ★★ View
95 [Legacy] Breton St hennezh that ★★★ View
96 [Legacy] Breton Se EN...-SE that ★★ View
97 [Legacy] Welsh C HWNNA that ★★ View
98 [Legacy] Irish A SAN that ★★ View