IELex

Cognate class 305

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes maybe also related to Romance forms in /cognate/2083/?
Citation: Andriotis, Nikolaos (et al.). 1999. [Dictionary of Standard Modern Greek]. ... Pages: View Modern Greek φτύνω from Ancient Greek πτύω with re-characterisation of the present stem as a nasal-present.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *sp(y)eu- spit View
2 Tocharian B pitke spit noun View
3 Albanian MESHTYJ spit ★★ View
4 Standard Albanian pështyj spit ★★★ View
5 Albanian Sicily PUSTIN spit ★★ View
6 Albanian Corinth PESTIIN spit ★★ View
7 Albanian Gheg MESHTY J spit ★★ View
8 Albanian Tosk PSTYT, AOR. PSTYTA spit ★★ View
9 Ancient Greek πτύω ptýɔː spit Inf. πτύειν. ★★★ View
10 Greek φτύνω ˈftino̞ spit ★★★ View
11 Greek Lesbos FTUNO spit ★★ View
12 Classical Armenian թքանեմ tʰukʰanem spit Cf. թուք tʰukʰ 'spit, spittle; saliva'. ★★★ View
13 Armenian Eastern T`UK` spit ★★ View
14 Armenian Eastern t'k'el tʰəˈkʰɛl spit see /cognate/128/ ★★ View
15 Armenian Western TUKNEL spit ★★ View
16 Avestan spāma- (nn.) spit ★★★ View
17 Vedic Sanskrit ṣṭhí̄vati spit ★★★ View
18 Old Church Slavonic пл҄ьвати pʎɪ̆vɑti spit ★★★ View
19 Serbo-Croatian pljuvati ˈpʎûvati spit ★★ View
20 Bulgarian плюя ˈplʲujə spit ★★ View
21 Macedonian плука ˈpluka spit ★★ View
22 Russian плевать plʲɛ'vatʲ spit ★★ View
23 Polish pluć ˈplutɕ spit ★★ View
24 Belarusian пляваць plʲaˈvatsʲ spit ★★ View
25 Ukrainian плювати plʲuˈʋatɪ spit ★★ View
26 Slovak pľuť plʲuc spit ★★ View
27 Czech plivat ˈplɪvat spit ★★ View
28 Sorbian Upper pluwać ˈpluwatʃ spit ★★ View
29 Sorbian Lower pluwaś ˈplʲuwaɕ spit ★★ View
30 Slovenian pljuvati ˈpljǔːvati spit ★★ View
31 Latvian spl ̜-aũj spit AF spl ̜-auda, spaces or dashes inserted ★★★ ★★ View
32 Lithuanian SPIAUTI spit ★★ View
33 Old Norse spýta ˈspyːta spit AF spýtir ★★★ View
34 Icelandic spýta ˈspiːtʰa spit ★★ View
35 Faroese spýta ˈspʊiːtʰa spit ★★ View
36 Norwegian Riksmal spytte ˈspʏ̀tːə spit ★★ View
37 Stavangersk spøda ˈspø̀ːda spit ★★ View
38 Old Swedish spotta ˈspotːa spit ★★ View
39 Swedish spotta ˈspɔ̀tːa spit replaced SPAT. ★★ View
40 Swedish Vilhelmina SPOT spit ★★ View
41 Swedish Uppland SPOTTA spit ★★ View
42 Elfdalian sputta ˈspʉ̀tːɑ spit ★★ View
43 Danish spytte ˈsb̥ ød̥ʰə spit ★★ View
44 Danish Fjolde spøt sbød spit ★★ View
45 Gutnish Lau spyttä ˈspytːɛ spit ★★ View
46 Old English spǣtt spit AF spitt ★★★ View
47 English to spit spɪt spit ★★ View
48 Frisian spuie 'spɔ.i̯ə spit replaced SPIJE. Omitted umlaut from [ɔ]. ★★ View
49 Dutch spuwen 'spywə(n) spit ★★ View
50 Flemish SPUWEN spit ★★ View
51 Afrikaans SPU(UG), SPOE(G) spit ★★ View
52 Sranan SPITI spit ★★ View
53 Old High German spīwit spit ★★★ View
54 German speien 'ʃpe‿iən spit ★★ View
55 Pennsylvania Dutch SCHPAUTZ spit ★★ View
56 Luxembourgish späitzen spit ★★★ View
57 German Switzerland schpöie spit ★★★ View
58 Gothic speiwiþ spit ★★ View
59 Latin spuere ˈspuere spit spuō, spuere, spuī, spūtum View
60 Catalan escopir əsku'pi spit ★★ View
61 Portuguese cuspir kuʃˈpiɾ spit prob. fr. a VLat. form CON-SPUERE (Buck) ★★ View
62 Spanish escupir esku'piɾ spit prob. fr. a VLat. form CON-SPUERE (Buck) ★★ View
63 Sardinian Cagliari SKUPPI spit prob. fr. a VLat. form CON-SPUERE (Buck) ★★ View
64 Provencal ESCUPI spit split from DKB ★★ View
65 Ladin SPUDER spit ★★ View
66 Dolomite Ladino spudà spit ★★ View
67 Romansh spidar spit ★★★ View
68 Friulian spudâ spit ★★★ View
69 Italian sputare spu'tare spit ★★ View
70 Romanian a scuipa spit ★★ View
71 Vlach ASKUKU spit ★★ View
72 Breton SKOPA spit split from DKB L View
73 [Legacy] Albanian T ME PESHTYRE spit ★★ View
74 [Legacy] Greek K PTUO spit ★★ View
75 [Legacy] Greek D FTUNO spit ★★ View
76 [Legacy] Greek Md FTUNO spit ★★ View
77 [Legacy] Serbocroatian PLJUVATI spit ★★ View
78 [Legacy] Serbian pljuvati pʎûʋati spit ★★★ View
79 [Legacy] Bulgarian P PL UJA spit ★★ View
80 [Legacy] Macedonian plúka ˈpluka spit Changed from PLUE. ★★ View
81 [Legacy] Russian P PLEVAT spit ★★ View
82 [Legacy] Polish P PLUC spit ★★ View
83 [Legacy] Byelorussian P PL AVAC spit ★★ View
84 [Legacy] Ukrainian P PL UVATY spit ★★ View
85 [Legacy] Czech E PLUT spit ★★ View
86 [Legacy] Slovak P PL UT spit ★★ View
87 [Legacy] Czech P PLITI spit ★★ View
88 [Legacy] Slovenian PLUNI spit ★★ View
89 [Legacy] Lithuanian O SPIAUSTI spit ★★ View
90 [Legacy] Brazilian CUSPIR spit prob. fr. a VLat. form CON-SPUERE (Buck) ★★ View
91 [Legacy] German Munich spucken spit View
92 [Legacy] Breton St skopañ 'skɔpã spit split from DKB L View
93 [Legacy] Breton Se SKOPEIN spit L View