IELex

Cognate class 2837

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Wordlist: all

Notes IE *t(e)ngh-or *tens-, = OIce. þyngja 'burden' (Derksen 2008: 493, Walde 1930: 1.726) , may be ultimately related to /lexeme/18876/ and to 'rope' in /cognate/1737/ (Walde has two roots *ten- and the one given above, both meaning 'to stretch', p.722, 726)
Citation: Irslinger, Britta (University of Freiburg/Max Planck Institute for the Science ... Pages: View The Germanic verbs and probably the Old Prussian one belong to *tens- 'to pull' (LIV 629). They do not belong in the same class as the Slavic ones which Derksen derives from *tengʰ- (not contained in LIV). LIV points out that the root *tens- could originate from the desiderative of *ten- 'wanting to stretch'. If this was the case, *tens- was perceived as an independent neo-root already in Late PIE.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Russian тянуть tʲaˈnutʲ pull ★★ View
2 Polish ciągnąć ˈtɕɔŋɡnɔɲtɕ pull ★★ View
3 Belarusian цягнуць tsʲaˈɣnutsʲ pull View
4 Ukrainian тягнути tʲaɦˈtɪ pull An alternative morphological form: 'тягти'. An alternative lexeme is 'волочити', but it is less often used and has a less general meaning ('to pull something that is lying upon a surface, e.g. ground'). ★★ View
5 Slovak ťahať ˈcaɦac pull ★★ View
6 Czech táhnout ˈtaːɦnɔut pull ★★ View
7 Sorbian Upper ćahnyć ˈtʃanɘ̟tʃ pull View
8 Sorbian Lower śěgnuś ˈɕɪɡnuɕ pull ★★★ View
9 Old Prussian tēnsītweī pull drag (once), pull (once), tug (once), draw (tug)’ X View
10 Old High German dinsit pull X View
11 Gothic atþinsiþ pull X View
12 [Legacy] Macedonian TRGA pull split from DKB ★★ View
13 [Legacy] Russian P T AGAT pull ★★ View
14 [Legacy] Polish P CIAGNAC pull ★★ View
15 [Legacy] Byelorussian P C AHNYC pull View
16 [Legacy] Ukrainian P T AHATY pull ★★★ View
17 [Legacy] Czech E TAHNUT pull ★★ View
18 [Legacy] Welsh C TYNNU pull L View