IELex

Cognate class 283

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Wordlist: all

Notes Cognate with Lith. saldùs 'sweet', OCS sladъkъ 'id.', Ru. dial. solódkij 'id.'; Skt. sarirá- 'sea, ocean' (Kroonen, 2013).
Citation: Beekes, Robert. 1995. Comparative Indo-European Linguistics: An Introduction. Amsterdam: John ... Pages: 177 View Hysterokinetic l-stem: NSg. *séh₂‑l‑s, ASg. *sh₂‑el‑m, GSg. *sh₂‑l‑ós.
Citation: Rieken, Elisabeth. 1999: Untersuchungen zur nominalen Stammbildung des Hethitischen. Wiesbaden: ... Pages: 424, fn. 2103 View The reconstruction of the PIE form is difficult. The underlying noun may be either root noun or an l-stem, belonging to one of several possible accentual patterns. The proto-forms of the individual branches display thus varying degrees of analogical levelling. Possibilities: *săl- < *sh₂l- or *sh₂al-; *sāl- < *sah₂l-; alternatively < *sh₂ḗl- or *sh₂ṓl- with analogical influence of *săl-.
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *sal- salt ★★ View
2 Tocharian A sāle salt ★★ View
3 Tocharian B salyiye salt ★★ View
4 Ancient Greek ἅλς háls salt G.sg. ἁλός ★★★ ★★ View
5 Greek αλάτι a'lati salt From diminutive ἀλάτιον from Hellenistic ἅλας (gen. ἅλατος). ★★ View
6 Greek Lesbos HALATI salt ★★ View
7 Classical Armenian աղ salt ★★★ View
8 Armenian Eastern salt ★★★ View
9 Armenian Western AGH salt ★★ View
10 Old Church Slavonic соль sɔlɪ̆ salt ★★★ View
11 Serbo-Croatian sol sɔ̂ːl salt Regional (eastern) variant: 'so' [sɔ̂:]. ★★ View
12 Bulgarian сол sɔɫ salt ★★ View
13 Macedonian сол sol salt ★★ View
14 Russian соль sɔlʲ salt ★★ View
15 Polish sól sul salt ★★ View
16 Belarusian соль sɔlʲ salt ★★ View
17 Ukrainian сіль silʲ salt ★★ View
18 Slovak soľ sɔlʲ salt ★★ View
19 Czech sůl suːl salt ★★ View
20 Sorbian Upper sól / sel sʊl / sɛl / sɘ̟l salt ★★ View
21 Sorbian Lower sol sɔlʲ salt ★★ View
22 Slovenian sol sôːw salt ★★ View
23 Old Prussian sali salt ★★★ View
24 Latvian sā̀ls salt ★★ View
25 Old Norse salt salt salt ★★ View
26 Icelandic salt sal̥t salt ★★ View
27 Faroese salt sal̥t salt ★★ View
28 Norwegian Riksmal salt salt salt ★★ View
29 Stavangersk salt salt salt ★★ View
30 Old Swedish salt salt salt ★★ View
31 Swedish salt salt salt ★★ View
32 Swedish Vilhelmina SALT salt ★★ View
33 Swedish Uppland SALT salt ★★ View
34 Elfdalian solt solt salt ★★★ View
35 Danish salt salˀd̥ʰ salt ★★ View
36 Danish Fjolde sålt sɔlt salt ★★ View
37 Gutnish Lau salt salt salt ★★ View
38 Old English sealt salt ★★ View
39 English salt sɔ:lt salt ★★ View
40 Frisian sâlt sɔ:t salt ★★ View
41 Dutch zout zɑut salt ★★ View
42 Flemish ZOUT salt ★★ View
43 Afrikaans SOUT salt ★★ View
44 Sranan ZOUTOE salt ★★ View
45 Old High German salz salt ★★★ View
46 German Salz zalt͜s salt ★★ View
47 Pennsylvania Dutch SOLSZ salt ★★ View
48 Luxembourgish Salz salt ★★★ View
49 German Switzerland sauz salt ★★★ View
50 Gothic salt salt ★★ View
51 Umbrian salu salt acc. ★★★ View
52 Latin sāl saːl salt G.sg. salis ★★ View
53 Catalan sal sal salt ★★ View
54 Portuguese sal sal salt ★★ View
55 Spanish sal sal salt ★★ View
56 Sardinian Cagliari SALI salt ★★ View
57 Sardinian Logudoro SALE salt ★★ View
58 Sardinian Nuoro SALE salt ★★ View
59 French Creole Dominica SEL salt ★★ View
60 Walloon SE salt ★★ View
61 French sel sɛl salt ★★ View
62 Provencal SAU salt ★★ View
63 Ladin SAL salt ★★ View
64 Dolomite Ladino sal salt ★★ View
65 Romansh sal salt ★★★ View
66 Friulian sâl salt ★★★ View
67 Italian sale 'sale salt ★★ View
68 Romanian sare salt ★★ View
69 Vlach SARE salt ★★ View
70 Old Irish salann salann salt ★★★ View
71 Middle Cornish holan 'hɤlan salt AF holan ★★★ ★★ View
72 Middle Breton holen, olen, olèn, hòalen ˈhoːlen, ˈoːlen salt ★★★ View
73 Breton holen ˈhoːlen, ˈoːlen salt ★★★ View
74 Welsh halen salt ★★★ ★★ View
75 Irish salann salt ★★ View
76 Scottish Gaelic salann salt ★★★ View
77 [Legacy] Greek K HALAS salt ★★ View
78 [Legacy] Greek D HALATI salt ★★ View
79 [Legacy] Greek Md HALATI salt ★★ View
80 [Legacy] Serbocroatian SOL salt ★★ View
81 [Legacy] Serbian so sôː salt ★★★ View
82 [Legacy] Bulgarian P SOL salt ★★ View
83 [Legacy] Macedonian SOL salt ★★ View
84 [Legacy] Russian P SOL salt ★★ View
85 [Legacy] Polish P SOL salt ★★ View
86 [Legacy] Byelorussian P SOL salt ★★ View
87 [Legacy] Ukrainian P SIL salt ★★ View
88 [Legacy] Czech E SUL salt ★★ View
89 [Legacy] Slovak P SOL salt ★★ View
90 [Legacy] Czech P SUL salt ★★ View
91 [Legacy] Slovenian SOV salt ★★ View
92 [Legacy] Brazilian SAL salt ★★ View
93 [Legacy] German Munich Salz salt < Pr. Germ. *salta- ‘salt’. ★★★ View
94 [Legacy] French Creole C SEL salt ★★ View
95 [Legacy] Breton St holen 'o:lɛn salt ★★ View
96 [Legacy] Breton Se HOLEN salt ★★ View
97 [Legacy] Welsh C HALEN salt ★★ View
98 [Legacy] Irish A SALANN salt ★★ View