IELex

Cognate class 2754

Language list: all
Wordlist: all

Notes see also Alb. /cognate/424/, cognate with 'guts' in /cognate/1588/ and 'at' in /cognate/2535/.
Citation: LIPP (Vol. 2) = Dunkel, George E. (2014). Lexikon der ... Pages: 221ff. View
  Language Lexeme Phonological Meaning Notes Rating
1 Proto-Indo-European *h₁en, *h₁en-ter in ★★★ View
2 Hittite andan in (adv.) ★★★ View
3 Luvian ānta in ★★★ View
4 Lycian ñte in ★★★ View
5 Albanian NE in ★★★ View
6 Standard Albanian in Orel gives the parallel form ndë. < IE *en 'in' and *do 'to'. ★★★ View
7 Albanian Corinth NDE in ★★★ View
8 Albanian Gheg NE in ★★★ View
9 Ancient Greek ἐν en in Preposition (+dat.); w/ acc. 'into' ★★★ View
10 Greek εν e̞n in ★★★ View
11 Classical Armenian ի ~ յ- i ~ j- in Traditional pronunciation: ի [i] (before consonants) and յ- [ɦ] or [h] (before vowels), i.e. as a debuccalized reflex of an orig. voiced palatal approximant *[j] ★★★ View
12 Armenian Eastern i in ★★★ View
13 Vedic Sanskrit antár in ★★★ View
14 Pāḷī antara in ★★★ View
15 Bengali ONDOR in ★★★ View
16 Hindi ENDER in split from DKB ★★★ View
17 Urdu اندر ʔənd̪əɾ in split from DKB ★★ View
18 Sindhi andare in ‘inside, within’ (from andaru ‘the inside’) ★★ View
19 Lahnda ENDER in ★★★ View
20 Punjabi ENDER in ★★★ View
21 Gujarati ENDER in split from DKB ★★★ View
22 Romani Greece ANDRE in ★★ View
23 Old Church Slavonic въ vʊ̆ in ★★★ View
24 Serbo-Croatian u u in Serbo-Croatian 'u' used with Locative and Accusative developed from Proto-Slavic *vŭ and it is cognate of Polish 'w', Czech 'v', Russian 'в' etc. Not to be mixed with Polish 'u', Czech 'u', Russian 'у' (which etymologically corresponds to Serbo-Croatian 'u' used with Genitive!). ★★★ View
25 Bulgarian в(ъв) v(ɤf) in ★★★ View
26 Macedonian во in ★★★ View
27 Russian в v in ★★★ View
28 Polish w v in ★★★ View
29 Belarusian у u in Depending on the context alternative phonetic forms 'ў, ва, ува' are used (to some extent the choice is orthographic too). In the local meaning with the Locative case all this forms are cognates of *vъ. Do not mix it with another, different preposition *u! ★★★ View
30 Ukrainian в ʋ in Depending on the phonetic context an alternative phonetic form 'у' is used. 'в/у' has in fact two etymologies (*vъ and *u), but in the local meaning (with the locative case) it is reflex of *vъ. ★★★ View
31 Slovak v(o) v(ɔ) in ★★★ View
32 Czech v(e) v(ɛ) in ★★★ View
33 Sorbian Upper w(e) w(ɛ) in ★★★ View
34 Sorbian Lower w(e) w(ɛ) in ★★★ View
35 Slovenian v v in ★★★ View
36 Old Prussian ēn in ★★★ View
37 Latvian iekš in ★★ View
38 Lithuanian į i: in ★★★ View
39 Old Norse in ★★★ View
40 Icelandic í in ★★★ View
41 Faroese í ʊiː in ★★★ View
42 Norwegian Riksmal i in ★★★ View
43 Stavangersk i in ★★ View
44 Old Swedish i in ★★ View
45 Swedish i iː, ɪ in split from DKB ★★★ View
46 Swedish Vilhelmina INI, I in ★★★ View
47 Swedish Uppland I in ★★★ View
48 Elfdalian i ɪː in often compounded e.g. down-in, thither-in etc. ★★ View
49 Danish i i in ★★★ View
50 Danish Fjolde i i in ★★ View
51 Old Gutnish i in ★★ View
52 Gutnish Lau äi ɛɪ in ★★ View
53 Old English in in ★★★ View
54 English in ɪn in ★★★ View
55 Frisian binnen 'bɪnən in add. prefix BI- < IE *(h)bhi-, = Lat. OB,, Skt. ABHI (Boutkan 2005: 45) ★★★ View
56 Dutch in ɪn in split from DKB ★★★ View
57 Flemish IN in split from DKB ★★★ View
58 Afrikaans IN in ★★★ View
59 Old High German in in ★★★ View
60 German in ɪn in ★★★ View
61 Pennsylvania Dutch IM, IN in ★★★ View
62 Luxembourgish an in ★★★ View
63 Luxembourgish dran in ★★ View
64 German Switzerland i in ★★★ View
65 Gothic in in ★★★ View
66 Oscan -en in ★★★ View
67 Umbrian -en in ★★★ View
68 Latin in in in Preposition. Meaning with motion 'into' or location 'in' determined by the case of the governed noun. ★★★ View
69 Catalan dins dins in In, inside of. ★★ View
70 Portuguese em ɐ̃j in ★★★ View
71 Spanish en en in ★★★ View
72 Sardinian Cagliari IN in ★★★ View
73 Sardinian Logudoro IN in ★★★ View
74 Sardinian Nuoro IN in ★★★ View
75 Walloon DIVINS in < Lat. DE INTUS ★★★ View
76 French dans dɑ̃ in < Lat. DE INTUS ★★★ View
77 Provencal EN in split from DKB ★★★ View
78 Provencal DINS, DEDINS in split from DKB, < Lat. DE INTUS ★★★ View
79 Ladin IN in ★★★ View
80 Dolomite Ladino in in ★★ View
81 Romansh en in ★★★ View
82 Friulian in in ★★★ View
83 Italian in in in Removed DENTRO as it means 'inside' not in. ★★★ View
84 Romanian în ɨn in ★★★ View
85 Vlach NEUNDRE in View
86 Old Irish i i in ★★★ View
87 Middle Cornish yn ɪn in AF yn ★★★ View
88 Middle Breton e, en e, en in E before a word beginning with a consonant, en before a vowel. ★★★ View
89 Breton en, e e, en in ★★★ View
90 Welsh yn in ★★★ View
91 Irish i ɪ in split from DKB. Removed IN, ANN. ★★★ View
92 Irish SA, SANN in split from DKB ★★★ View
93 Scottish Gaelic ann in ★★★ View
94 [Legacy] Albanian T NE, BRENDA in ★★★ View
95 [Legacy] Greek K EIS in ★★★ View
96 [Legacy] Serbocroatian U in ★★★ View
97 [Legacy] Serbian u in ★★★ View
98 [Legacy] Bulgarian P V in ★★★ View
99 [Legacy] Macedonian V, VO in ★★★ View
100 [Legacy] Russian P V in ★★★ View
101 [Legacy] Polish P W in ★★★ View
102 [Legacy] Byelorussian P VA in ★★★ View
103 [Legacy] Ukrainian P V in ★★★ View
104 [Legacy] Czech E V, VE in ★★★ View
105 [Legacy] Slovak P V in ★★★ View
106 [Legacy] Czech P V in ★★★ View
107 [Legacy] Lithuanian O I in ★★★ View
108 [Legacy] Brazilian EM in split from DKB ★★★ View
109 [Legacy] German Munich in in < Pr. Germ. *in(i) ‘in’. ★★★ View
110 [Legacy] Breton St e, en e, ẽ: in ★★★ View
111 [Legacy] Breton Se E, EN in ★★★ View
112 [Legacy] Welsh C YN in ★★★ View
113 [Legacy] Irish A I in ★★★ View